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A Review of the Impact of Sporting Role Model-Led Interventions on Physical Activity and Sport Participation of Female Youth

Eimear Kelly, Katie Liston, Kieran Dowd, and Aoife Lane

, perceived competence, competing interests, and social pressures are among the predictors of dropout in young females ( Cowley et al., 2021 ; Crane & Temple, 2015 ; Sport Ireland, 2018b ). Recently, Peng et al. ( 2023 ) identified that being, or having, a role model is a facilitator for PA for young female

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Women and Men Professors as Role Models and Their Effect on Academics’ Career Decisions

Lara Lesch, Katrin Scharfenkamp, and Pamela Wicker

-dominated leadership stereotypes must be reduced ( Heilman, 2012 ). Second, women students and young women faculty members need women role models in science ( Cheryan et al., 2012 ). The latter is important since “people need to know that someone like themselves has been able to achieve success, to encourage them to

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Role Models and Athlete Expression at the Youth Olympic Games as Impactful Sport Communication Practices

Jannicke Stålstrøm, Marina Iskhakova, and Zack P. Pedersen

YOG athletes regarding their social media use ( Geurin., 2021 ) and, consequently, how they are able to express themselves. In particular, which aspects of the OLY role models influence YOG athletes ( Parent et al., 2016 ). The OLY acronym represents the postnominal letters that are granted by the

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Adaptation to Athletic Retirement and Perceptions About Aging: A Qualitative Study of Retired Olympic Athletes

Michelle Pannor Silver

distinct from whether they are categorized as being old ( Kornadt & Rothermund, 2011 ). Role Models, Sports, and Aging Evidence suggests that perspectives on aging are shaped by culturally shared beliefs about older adults that are formed early in life, which can be shaped by role models (e.g.,  Hummert

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Motivations, Barriers, and Supports: An Examination of the Experiences of Women of Color Recreational Sport Coaches

Eric Legg and Rebecca Varney

( Legg et al., 2018 ), and often serve as role models for their athletes ( Newland et al., 2015 ). Given the influential role that coaches play in youth development, and the gender and racial diversity of participants, the importance of having coaches who represent diversity in both gender and ethnicity

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Coaching Qualities, Gender, and Role Modeling

Susan M. Molstad

Male (N=121) and female (N=135) high school girls’ basketball coaches responded to three forced-choice questions related to gender and role modeling. Both genders said they preferred coaching girls to boys. Male coaches thought female athletes preferred a male coach, female coaches thought they preferred a female coach. Coaches of each gender perceived themselves as equal or better role models than their counterparts. Coaches were then asked to rank order the importance of six coaching qualities previously identified as either expressive or instrumental. First they ranked the qualities in importance as they perceived them, then in the order they thought players would rank them. Coaches differed significantly by gender on the rankings of the qualities, as well as their perceptions of how athletes might rank the same qualities. Implications for modeling and young female athletes are discussed in relation to gender differences in these perceptions.

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Shaping Up the Profession: The Importance of Modeling Health and Fitness as Coaches

Timothy Baghurst and Beau James Diehl

A coach’s roles and responsibilities vary depending on situational factors. However, several characteristics of a coach are recognized as important for success irrespective of the coaching level or ability of the athletes. Physical role modeling is a characteristic largely forgotten in the literature and coaching standards, yet can have important positive or negative outcomes in athlete performance and coach credibility and well-being. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to present a rationale for including physical role modeling within the tenets of coaching roles and responsibilities. Second, practical suggestions are made to demonstrate how physical role modeling can be presented positively, even when physical abilities are limited.

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Role Models, Perceived Sport Encouragement, and Sport Expectancies of United States Adolescent Athletes and Their Parents

Scott B. Martin, Peggy A. Richardson, Karen H. Weiller, and Allen W. Jackson

During the past decade females have had more opportunities to participate in sports at various levels than ever before. These opportunities and the recognition received due to their success may have changed peoples’ views regarding same-sex role models, perceived parental encouragement, and expectations of success. Thus, the purpose of the study was to explore role models, perceived encouragement to participate in youth sport from parents, and sport expectations of adolescent athletes and their parents living in the United States of America. A questionnaire was administered to 426 adolescent athletes who competed in youth sport leagues and to one parent within each family unit (n=426). Chi square analysis indicated significant relationships between athletes’ gender and the gender of their role model and between parents’ gender and the gender of their role model (p = .0001). DM MANOVA revealed a significant multivariate difference for adolescent athletes and their parents on the questions concerning expectations for future athletic success. Post hoc analyses indicated that the athletes were more likely than their parents to believe that they could play at the college, Olympic, or professional levels. In addition, boys were more likely than girls to believe that they could play at the college, Olympic, and professional levels.

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Paralympic Legacy: Exploring the Impact of the Games on the Perceptions of Young People With Disabilities

Janine Coates and Philip B. Vickerman

The London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games aimed to deliver a legacy to citizens of the United Kingdom, which included inspiring a generation of young people to participate in sport. This study aimed to understand the legacy of the Paralympic Games for children with disabilities. Eight adolescents (11–16 yr) with physical disabilities were interviewed about their perceptions of the Paralympic Games. Thematic analysis found 3 key themes that further our understanding of the Paralympic legacy. These were Paralympians as role models, changing perceptions of disability, and the motivating nature of the Paralympics. Findings demonstrate that the Games were inspirational for children with disabilities, improving their self-perceptions. This is discussed in relation to previous literature, and core recommendations are made.

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Louis Passfield—A Role Model for the Mission of IJSPP

Øyvind Sandbakk, Mark Burnley, James Hopker, Athanasios Pappous, Samuele Maria Marcora, and Gary Brickley

University of Kent and had a long-lasting career as a sport scientist with British Cycling. He was a role model for the mission of IJSPP: “to advance the knowledge of sport and exercise physiologists, sport scientists, sport physicians, and sport-performance researchers.” He served on our editorial board