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Gavin Cowper, Martin Barwood, and Stuart Goodall

Rowing is a physiologically demanding sport, due to the recruitment of a large muscle mass and work rates near rowers’ maximal physical capacity. 1 , 2 Rowers possess large body dimensions and produce among the largest values of any athlete in the specific parameters of physical fitness, involving

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Louise M. Burke, Graeme L. Close, Bronwen Lundy, Martin Mooses, James P. Morton, and Adam S. Tenforde

-restricted” sports, due to the low and changing weight targets and the low energy expenditure of riding. • LEA and DE/ED may contribute to low BMD, impaired mood, compromised strength, and impaired riding performance. Rowers ( Jurimae et al., 2003 ; Slater et al., 2005 ; Vinther et al., 2008 ; Woods et al., 2017

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Uta Kraus, Sophie Clara Holtmann, and Tanja Legenbauer

Rowing – A Sport With a Higher Risk for Eating Disturbances Despite the fact that lightweight rowing represents a weight-sensitive discipline, little is known about the occurrence of eating disturbances in competitive rowers ( Sykora, Grilo, Wilfley, & Brownell, 1993 ). In rowing, individuals are

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Lotte L. Lintmeijer, A.J. “Knoek” van Soest, Freek S. Robbers, Mathijs J. Hofmijster, and Peter J. Beek

comply with the prescribed training loads. In rowing, achieving compliance with prescribed intensity is not trivial because feedback on the rate of metabolic energy consumption cannot be routinely provided to the rowers. Therefore, in current practice, derivatives of the rate of metabolic energy

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Caitlin A. Madison, Rod A. Harter, Marie L. Pickerill, and Jeff M. Housman

high prevalence of RSIs among the female collegiate rowers. ▸ Aggressive symptom-based management strategies were implemented upon concern of RSI while in-season. Since 1972 and the implementation of Title IX legislation, competitive rowing has gained popularity in the United States. 1 Currently, the

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Timo B. van den Bogaard, Jabik-Jan Bastiaans, and Mathijs J. Hofmijster

Rowing performance is strongly related to strength and muscle mass. 1 , 2 To improve muscle strength and maximal power output, resistance training (RT) is adopted by many competitive rowers. RT has been shown to lead to improved neuromuscular capacity, hypertrophy, vascular proliferation, and

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Sara R. Sherman, Clifton J. Holmes, Alexander P. Demos, Tori Stone, Bjoern Hornikel, Hayley V. MacDonald, Michael V. Fedewa, and Michael R. Esco

MC during ovulation (∼ day 14) and remain above follicular baseline levels during the subsequent luteal phase, coinciding with peak progesterone levels on days 19 to 25. 10 Previous research in female rowers has demonstrated no effect of MC phase on endurance performance. 11 , 12 While most studies

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Sara R. Sherman, Clifton J. Holmes, Bjoern Hornikel, Hayley V. MacDonald, Michael V. Fedewa, and Michael R. Esco

on both the aerobic and anaerobic systems. 8 , 9 Such demands result in major physiological perturbations, often characterized by significant fluctuations in heart rate (HR) and, thus, autonomic function. 5 , 6 Given the unique physiologic profile of rowers 8 and their typical high training

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Suzanne Nelson Steen, Kirsten Mayer, Kelly D. Brownell, and Thomas A. Wadden

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the adequacy of dietary intake in 16 female heavyweight rowers during the sprint racing phase of the season. Caloric intake for the rowers was 2,633 kcal/day, lower than expected given the training regimen of these athletes. On average, rowers consumed below-optimal levels of carbohydrate. Protein intake was satisfactory but fat intake was higher than recommended. For the majority of rowers, micronutrient intake met the RDA. However, calcium, zinc, B6, and B12 fell short of meeting two-thirds of the RDA for a significant percentage of rowers. The preevent meal consumed both 15 hr and 2 hr before the event provided less carbohydrate and fluid but more fat than desirable. Female heavyweight rowers would benefit from nutritional counseling that provides strategies for increasing complex carbohydrates, calcium, zinc, B6, and Bl2 while reducing dietary fat. Adequate fluid intake is also essential.

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Nathan A. Lewis, Andrew J. Simpkin, Sarah Moseley, Gareth Turner, Mark Homer, Ann Redgrave, Charles R. Pedlar, and Richard Burden

provide an indicator of excessive training load, increased risk of illness and injury, and therefore allow for improved optimization of workload. 10 International rowers are exposed to high volume training and are at a higher risk of injury than many noncontact sports and some contact sports. 11 However