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The Relationship Between Mindfulness and Life Stress in Student-Athletes: The Mediating Role of Coping Effectiveness and Decision Rumination

Mariana Kaiseler, Jamie M. Poolton, Susan H. Backhouse, and Nick Stanger

The role of dispositional mindfulness on stress in student-athletes and factors that mediate this relationship has yet to be examined. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between the facets of mindfulness and life stress in student-athletes and whether these relationships are mediated through coping effectiveness and decision rumination. Participants were 202 student-athletes who completed validated measures of dispositional mindfulness, student-athlete life stress, decision rumination and coping effectiveness in sport. Results indicated that the acting with awareness and nonjudging facets of mindfulness were negative predictors of life stress, whereas the observe facet was a positive predictor of life stress. Mediation analyses revealed that these relationships were mediated through coping effectiveness and decision rumination. Findings provide new insight into the role dispositional mindfulness plays on student-athlete perceptions of life stress and implications for practitioners are discussed.

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Cognitive Vulnerability to Mood Deterioration in an Exercise Cessation Paradigm

Maggie Evans, Kelly J. Rohan, Jonah Meyerhoff, Richard J. Norton, and Jeremy S. Sibold

reactivity, and brooding rumination. Dysfunctional attitudes, maladaptive rules, and assumptions that develop from depressogenic schemas are a well-established cognitive vulnerability construct in Beck’s ( 1967 , 1976 ) cognitive model for depression. Longitudinal studies indicate that dysfunctional

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Daily Mindfulness Is Associated With Recovery Processes Among Coaches—A 4-Week Diary Study

Fleur Pawsey, Jennifer Hoi Ki Wong, Göran Kenttä, and Katharina Näswall

either past or future stressors at work, prolonging the experience of work demands and the associated stress response ( Brosschot, Verkuil, & Thayer, 2010 ). Ruminative thought may be a precursor to, as well as a sign of, coach burnout. In the present research, we therefore examined rumination on a day

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Self-Compassion and Reactions to a Recalled Exercise Lapse: The Moderating Role of Gender-Role Schemas

Alana Signore, Brittany N. Semenchuk, and Shaelyn M. Strachan

with less rumination and maladaptive emotional reactions about the setback. Self-compassion may have helped people cope with their exercise lapse because it has been associated with adaptive emotional regulation (e.g.,  Finlay-Jones et al., 2015 ; Scoglio et al., 2018 ). Self-compassion was also

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Self-Compassion and the Self-Regulation of Exercise: Reactions to Recalled Exercise Setbacks

Brittany N. Semenchuk, Shaelyn M. Strachan, and Michelle Fortier

( Neff, 2003a ). Mindfulness involves a balanced awareness of one’s thoughts and emotions, without rumination or overidentification ( Neff, 2003b ). Self-kindness involves meeting thoughts and emotions with care rather than harsh criticism ( Neff, 2003b ). Common humanity is the recognition of the

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Me, Myself, and My Thoughts: The Influence of Brooding and Reflective Rumination on Depressive Symptoms in Athletes in the United Kingdom

Richard Tahtinen, Michael McDougall, Niels Feddersen, Olli Tikkanen, Robert Morris, and Noora J. Ronkainen

individuals may also be more likely than the non-vulnerables to engage in maladaptive cognitive processing or rumination when distressed, which may play a substantial role in the development and maintenance of depression ( Abramson et al., 2002 ). To date, several different definitions or conceptualizations

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Applying Self-Compassion in Sport: An Intervention With Women Athletes

Amber D. Mosewich, Peter R.E. Crocker, Kent C. Kowalski, and Anita DeLongis

This study investigated the effects of a self-compassion intervention on negative cognitive states and selfcompassion in varsity women athletes. Athletes who self-identified as being self-critical were randomly assigned to a self-compassion intervention (n = 29) or attention control group (n = 22). The self-compassion intervention consisted of a psychoeducation session and writing components completed over a 7-day period. Measures of self-compassion, state self-criticism, state rumination, and concern over mistakes were collected pretreatment, at 1 week posttreatment, and at a 4-week follow-up. A mixed factorial MANOVA with follow-up post hoc tests demonstrated moderate-to-strong effects for the intervention at posttest and follow-up (Wilks’s Λ = .566, F (8, 42) = 4.03, p < .01, η2 = .43). The findings demonstrate the effectiveness of the self-compassion intervention in managing self-criticism, rumination, and concern over mistakes. Fostering a self-compassionate frame of mind is a potential coping resource for women athletes dealing with negative events in sport.

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Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Associations Between Athlete Burnout, Insomnia, and Polysomnographic Indices in Young Elite Athletes

Markus Gerber, Simon Best, Fabienne Meerstetter, Sandrine Isoard-Gautheur, Henrik Gustafsson, Renzo Bianchi, Daniel J. Madigan, Flora Colledge, Sebastian Ludyga, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, and Serge Brand

/or experiencing increased daytime sleepiness) and rumination (a person’s proneness to worry about and feel preoccupied with unresolved problems). These two factors are considered to impact on the development and persistence of sleep problems ( Hoffmann et al., 1996 ). We assessed five items per subscale, with

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Is Collegiate Athletic Participation a Protective Factor in Seasonality?

Craig Lodis, Sandra T. Sigmon, Amber Martinson, Julia Craner, Morgan McGillicuddy, and Bruce Hale

This study investigated seasonality in male and female college athletes and nonathletes. Given the literature on activity level and its positive impact on mood, it was predicted that athletes would benefit more than nonathletes with regards to seasonal symptoms. Participants completed measures of seasonality, depression, and cognitive processes during a winter month. Multiple measures of seasonality were administered to distinguish seasonal depression symptoms from nonseasonal symptoms. Results indicated that nonathletes reported more seasonal symptoms, seasonal attitudes, and rumination, gained more weight, socialized the least, and slept more than athletes. Female nonathletes reported the most impact from the changing seasons and more negative thoughts about the changing seasons. These results indicate that engaging in collegiate athletics may serve as a protective factor in seasonal depression.

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Generalization in Sports: The Impact of How Athletes Process Their Failures and Successes

Jens Van Lier and Filip Raes

rumination have been identified as crucial causal pathways towards anxiety and depression (see Watkins, 2008 ). More recently, adopting an abstract ruminative processing style focused on the causes, meanings and implications of events (vs. a concrete processing style focused on how the event unfolded or