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Daily Satisfaction With Life Is Regulated by Both Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior

Jaclyn P. Maher, Shawna E. Doerksen, Steriani Elavsky, and David E. Conroy

Recent research revealed that on days when college students engage in more physical activity than is typical for them, they also experience greater satisfaction with life (SWL). That work relied on self-reported physical activity and did not differentiate between low levels of physical activity and sedentary behavior. This study was designed to (1) determine if the association between self-reported physical activity and SWL would exist when physical activity was monitored objectively and (2) examine the between- and within-person associations among physical activity, sedentary behavior, and SWL. During a 14-day ecological momentary assessment study, college students (N = 128) wore an accelerometer to objectively measure physical activity and sedentary behavior, and they self-reported their physical activity, sedentary behavior, and SWL at the end of each day. Physical activity and sedentary behavior had additive, within-person associations with SWL across self-reported and objective-measures of behavior. Strategies to promote daily well-being should encourage college students to incorporate greater amounts of physical activity as well as limit their sedentary behavior.

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Relationship Between Regular Walking, Physical Activity, and Health-Related Quality of Life

Rachel E. Blacklock, Ryan E. Rhodes, and Shane G. Brown

Background:

The current physical activity (PA) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) literature warrants further investigation with general population samples. The exploratory-focused purpose of this study was to compare total PA-HRQoL and walking-HRQoL relations, include a measure of general happiness, and to evaluate potential activity-HRQoL demographic moderators.

Methods:

A random sample of 351 adults completed an adapted Godin Leisure Time Questionnaire, the SF-36, and the Satisfaction with Life Scale.

Results:

Partial correlations revealed small-to-moderate associations between walking/total PA and general health, vitality, and social functioning after controlling for key demographics (P < 0.05). A dependent t-test determined walking and PA as equally related to vitality and social functioning. Multiple regression revealed annual income as a moderator of the total PA/walking-social functioning relationship [F(3,315) = 9.71 and F(3,316) = 12.03, P < 0.01, respectively].

Conclusions:

HRQoL may be considered with walking interventions and annual income. The contribution of PA to overall happiness appears to be minor.

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The Effect of Transformational Leadership and Well-Being on Performance of Soccer Players: An Inclusive Model

Sinan Yildirim and Ziya Koruç

varying between .73 and .85 for subscales. The Satisfaction With Life Scale This scale was developed by Diener et al. ( 1985 ) and adapted to Turkish by Dağlı and Baysal ( 2016 ) to understand one’s degree of life satisfaction. A high score obtained from the scale indicates high level of life satisfaction

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Severity of Overuse Injury Impacts Self-Efficacy and Quality of Life in Runners: A 2-Year Prospective Cohort Study

Shannon L. Mihalko, Phillip Cox, Edward Ip, David F. Martin, Paul DeVita, Monica Love, Santiago Saldana, D. Wayne Cannon, Rebecca E. Fellin, Joseph F. Seay, and Stephen P. Messier

provided by participants. Measures included running self-efficacy, Short Form-12 (SF-12) Health Status Questionnaire, Satisfaction with Life, and the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule. Running self-efficacy is an 8-item scale that assesses confidence in the ability to continue to run at the participant

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Mindful Sport Performance Enhancement: Randomized Controlled Trial of a Mental Training Program With Collegiate Athletes

Carol R. Glass, Claire A. Spears, Rokas Perskaudas, and Keith A. Kaufman

, Bieling, Cox, Enns, & Swinson, 1998 ; Henry & Crawford, 2005 ). Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) The SWLS ( Diener, Emmons, Larsen, & Griffin, 1985 ) includes five items rating cognitive appraisals of current life circumstances from 1 (Strongly disagree) to 7 (Strongly agree). Appropriate for a range

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Psychological Factors Predicting Sedentary Behavior of Older Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study in Brazil

Daniel Vicentini de Oliveira, Matheus Amarante do Nascimento, Bráulio Henrique Magnani Branco, Rogéria Vicentini de Oliveira, José Roberto Andrade do Nascimento Júnior, Gabriel Lucas Morais Freire, and Sônia Maria Marques Gomes Bertolini

Satisfaction With Life Scale . Journal of Personality Assessment, 49 ( 1 ), 71 – 75 . doi:10.1207/s15327752jpa4901_13 10.1207/s15327752jpa4901_13 Dogra , S. , & Stathokostas , L. ( 2012 ). Sedentary behavior and physical activity are independent predictors of successful aging in middle-aged and older

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The reROOT Coaching Program: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluating Its Impact on Coaching Style and Athlete Sports Development

Emilie Lemelin, Joëlle Carpentier, Sophie Gadoury, Élodie Petit, Jacques Forest, Jean-Paul Richard, Mireille Joussemet, and Geneviève A. Mageau

averaging their respective items. Well-Being (T1–T2) In line with Diener’s definition ( 2009 ), athletes filled out the French version of the Satisfaction With Life Scale ( Blais et al., 1989 ; Diener et al., 1985 ). For each of the five items (e.g., I am satisfied with my life; α t1–t2  = .83), athletes

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Developmental Experiences and Well-Being in Sport: The Importance of the Coaching Climate

Lorcan D. Cronin and Justine B. Allen

The present study explored the relationships between the coaching climate, youth developmental experiences (personal and social skills, cognitive skills, goal setting, and initiative) and psychological well-being (self-esteem, positive affect, and satisfaction with life). In total, 202 youth sport participants (Mage = 13.4, SD = 1.8) completed a survey assessing the main study variables. Findings were consistent with Benson and Saito’s (2001) framework for youth development. In all analyses, the coaching climate was related to personal and social skills, cognitive skills, goal setting, and initiative. Mediational analysis also revealed that the development of personal and social skills mediated the relationships between the coaching climate and all three indices of psychological well-being (self-esteem, positive affect, and satisfaction with life). Interpretation of the results suggests that coaches should display autonomy-supportive coaching behaviors because they are related to the developmental experiences and psychological well-being of youth sport participants.

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Well-Being in Elite Sport: Dimensions of Hedonic and Eudaimonic Well-Being Among Elite Orienteers

Carolina Lundqvist and Fredrik Sandin

This study examined subjective (SWB), psychological (PWB) and social well-being (Social WB) at a global and sport contextual level among ten elite orienteers (6 women and 4 men, median age = 20.4, range 18–30) by employing semistructured interviews. Athletes described SWB as an interplay of satisfaction with life, sport experiences and perceived health combined with experienced enjoyment and happiness in both ordinary life and sport. SWB and PWB interacted, and important psychological functioning among the elite athletes included, among other things, abilities to adopt value-driven behaviors, be part of functional relationships, and to self-regulate one’s autonomy. The ability to organize and combine ordinary life with elite sport, and the use of strategies to protect the self during setbacks was also emphasized. For a comprehensive theoretical understanding of well-being applicable to elite athletes, the need for a holistic view considering both global and sport-specific aspects of WB is discussed.

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Physical Activity Measurement in Older Adults: Relationships with Mental Health

Sarah J. Parker, Scott J. Strath, and Ann M. Swartz

This study examined the relationship between physical activity (PA) and mental health among older adults as measured by objective and subjective PA-assessment instruments. Pedometers (PED), accelerometers (ACC), and the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) were administered to measure 1 week of PA among 84 adults age 55–87 (mean = 71) years. General mental health was measured using the Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS) and the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWL). Linear regressions revealed that PA estimated by PED significantly predicted 18.1%, 8.3%, and 12.3% of variance in SWL and positive and negative affect, respectively, whereas PA estimated by the PASE did not predict any mental health variables. Results from ACC data were mixed. Hotelling–William tests between correlation coefficients revealed that the relationship between PED and SWL was significantly stronger than the relationship between PASE and SWL. Relationships between PA and mental health might depend on the PA measure used.