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Peter Olusoga, Marte Bentzen and Goran Kentta

this field forwards. Method A scoping review has been described as a process of mapping the existing literature in a certain area ( Arksey & O’Malley, 2005 ), and has been suggested to fit well when the aim of a study is broad ( Armstrong, Hall, Doyle, & Waters, 2011 ). Importantly, the body of

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Meridith Griffin, Brett Smith, P. David Howe and Cassandra Phoenix

In this paper we present a scoping review of literature on aging, visual impairment, and physical activity. Our objectives are to: (a) explore the available literature on aging, physical activity, and sight loss; (b) describe how participation in physical activity by older adults with visual impairment is understood by researchers; and, (c) identify benefits, barriers, and facilitators of physical activity participation as reported by older adults with age-related sight loss. Over 2,000 sources were reviewed, with 30 studies meeting eligibility criteria. Findings were organized into four thematic categories, namely: (a) participation rates; (b) health inequalities; (c) barriers to physical activity participation; and, (d) benefits of physical activity participation. Through this scoping review process, extant knowledge was synthesized and gaps in the literature were critically assessed. To address these gaps, several avenues for future research are outlined and described, alongside a consideration of the implications of the scoping review findings for both policy and practice.

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Mathew Dowling, Becca Leopkey and Lee Smith

sport governance research within and beyond the field of sport management through a scoping review of the literature. Specifically, this scoping review aims to: (a) identify how sport governance has been utilized within the literature, (b) map out the sport governance literature, and (c

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K. Andrew R. Richards, Colin G. Pennington and Oleg A. Sinelnikov

comprehensively identify, categorize, and review studies through systematic or scoping-review methodologies. Scoping reviews are “concerned with contextualizing knowledge in terms of identifying the current state of understanding; identifying the sorts of things we know and do not know; and then setting this

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Chad M. Killian, Christopher J. Kinder and Amelia Mays Woods

this scoping review and included only peer-reviewed and dissertation research studies. However, the results from those reviews demonstrated the continued dearth and heterogeneity of research on online and blended instruction in K–12 physical education over the years. Therefore, the objective of this

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Nicolas Farina, Laura J. Hughes, Amber Watts and Ruth G. Lowry

involving people with dementia. The extent to which physical activity questionnaires are used in people with dementia, and how they are adapted and successfully implemented remains unknown. A recent scoping review compiled a list of physical performance measures used in exercise interventions in people with

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Brennan Petersen, Mark Eys, Kody Watson and M. Blair Evans

communication is to report on a scoping review that was employed to summarize research focused on the dynamics in youth groups. We were predominantly concerned with the state of research regarding sport groups. However, we believed there would be benefits to considering and interpreting parallel literatures of

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Shannon S. C. Herrick and Lindsay R. Duncan

conducted a systematic scoping review. The overall goal of this review was to generate a conceptual map of the dominant themes within the literature, thereby presenting a coherent account of the physical activity trends within the LGBTQ+ community. Methods The scoping review was conducted using a standard 5

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Thomas Quarmby and Katie Pickering

Background:

It is argued that regular engagement in physical activity (PA) has the potential to mitigate the negative health and educational outcomes that disadvantaged children living in care frequently face. However, little is currently known about children in care’s participation in PA. This scoping review primarily aimed to identify barriers and facilitators to PA participation for children in care.

Methods:

The main phases of the scoping review were 1) identifying relevant studies; 2) selecting studies based on predefined inclusion criteria; 3) charting the data; and 4) collating, summarizing, and reporting the results. All relevant studies were included in the review regardless of methodological quality and design.

Results:

The 7 articles that met the inclusion criteria were published between 1998 and 2013 and conducted in the USA (3), England (2), and Norway (2). A social ecological model was incorporated to map results against levels of influence.

Conclusions:

Various factors influence PA engagement for children in care. Barriers include low self-efficacy, instability of their social environment, which impacts on schooling and maintaining friendship groups, and, specific institutional practices and policies that may prevent access to PA. Before fully considering policy implications, further research with children in care is warranted in this area.

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Kelly P. Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Viviane Grassmann, Krystn Orr, Amy C. McPherson, Guy E. Faulkner and F. Virginia Wright

physical and psychosocial health benefits for children and youth ( Beets, Beighle, Erwin, & Huberty, 2009 ; Pate & O’Neill, 2009 ), thus, making them a viable context for the inclusion of children and youth with physical disabilities. This scoping review examined the research involving inclusion of