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Medicalization of Exercise Through Vigilance, Productivity, and Self-Care: A Secondary Data Analysis of Qualitative Interviews Among Those With Multiple Sclerosis

Brynn Adamson, Matthew Adamson, Dominique Kinnett-Hopkins, and Robert Motl

those with disabilities. Methods Study Design This study was a secondary data analysis (SDA) and synthesis of two qualitative studies on exercise practices among those with MS. Initial analyses uncovered themes related to ableism, compulsory able-bodiedness, medicalization of exercise, and shame. These

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Exploring the Interaction of Disability Status and Childhood Predictors of Physical Activity and Sport Participation: An Exploratory Decision-Tree Analysis

Samantha M. Ross, Ellen Smit, Joonkoo Yun, Kathleen R. Bogart, Bridget E. Hatfield, and Samuel W. Logan

and adolescents. We conducted a secondary data analysis of the National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH) to (a) identify unique clusters of child, household, and neighborhood characteristics associated with the prevalence of daily PA (in alignment with the National Physical Activity Guidelines for

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An Evaluation of Participant Perspectives and Wear-Time Compliance for a Wrist-Worn Versus Thigh-Worn Accelerometer in Cancer Survivors

Mary C. Hidde, Mary E. Crisafio, Emma Gomes, Kate Lyden, and Heather J. Leach

-time compliance, between a wrist-worn accelerometer and a thigh-worn accelerometer. Methods This study was a secondary data analysis from a cross-sectional study evaluating the role of PA, sedentary time, and sleep on body composition and quality of life. 12 Participants were adult cancer survivors (N = 52

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Dietary and Physical Activity Outcomes Determine Energy Balance in U.S. Adults Aged 50–74 Years

Mindy Patterson, Wanyi Wang, and Alexis Ortiz

equation to determine REE. Data were obtained from the Interactive and Activity Tracking in American Association of Retired Persons (AARP) or IDATA study and analyzed as a secondary data analysis. The following manuscript includes a description of the population that participated in the IDATA study and a

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Perceived Environmental Barriers and Behavioral Factors as Possible Mediators Between Acculturation and Leisure-Time Physical Activity Among Mexican American Adults

Carla L. Dellaserra, Noe C. Crespo, Michael Todd, Jennifer Huberty, and Sonia Vega-López

behavioral factors (eg, intention to exercise) are possible mediating factors linking acculturation level and PA (total and leisure-time activity) among MA adults. Methods Participants This study was a secondary data analysis using self-reported questionnaire data from a cross-sectional study examining

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Comparison of Participation in Strength Activity Among People With and Without Disabilities: 2013–2017 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

Willie Leung, Ming-Chih Sung, Jinhyun Lee, Jaehun Jung, Nicole Fiscella, and Lu Shi

activity guidelines among adults with and without disabilities in the United States. Materials and Methods Design This secondary data analysis utilized the 2013, 2015, and 2017 cycle years of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). 25 BRFSS was an annual surveillance system founded by the

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Physical Activity and Mental Health of Parents of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder

Xiaoxia Zhang, Zackary G. Kern, and Joonkoo Yun

This study aimed to examine physical activity (PA) levels and mental health status (i.e., anxiety and depression) among parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Secondary data analysis was conducted using the 2018 National Health Interview Survey. We identified 139 parents of children with ASD and 4,470 parents of children with no disability. Their PA levels, anxiety, and depression were analyzed. Compared with parents of children with no disability, parents of children with ASD were significantly less likely to meet the PA guideline for Americans and had lower odds of vigorous PA (aOR = 0.702), strengthening PA (aOR = 0.885), and light to moderate PA (aOR = 0.994). Parents of children with ASD reported significantly higher odds of anxiety (aOR = 1.559) and depression (aOR = 1.885). This study revealed lower PA levels and higher risks of anxiety and depression in parents of children with ASD.

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International Differences in Management of Physical Activity Data: Can They Explain Some of the Difference in Prevalence Estimates?

Wendy J. Brown and Yvette D. Miller

Background:

National physical activity data suggest that there is a considerable difference in physical activity levels of US and Australian adults. Although different surveys (Active Australia and BRFSS) are used, the questions are similar. Different protocols, however, are used to estimate “activity” from the data collected. The primary aim of this study was to assess whether the 2 approaches to the management of PA data could explain some of the difference in prevalence estimates derived from the two national surveys.

Methods:

Secondary data analysis of the most recent AA survey (N = 2987).

Results:

15% of the sample was defined as “active” using Australian criteria but as “inactive” using the BRFSS protocol, even though weekly energy expenditure was commensurate with meeting current guidelines. Younger respondents (age < 45 y) were more likely to be “misclassified” using the BRFSS criteria.

Conclusions:

The prevalence of activity in Australia and the US appears to be more similar than we had previously thought.

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Exploring Fear of Falling and Exercise Self-Efficacy in Older Women With Vertebral Fractures

Matteo Ponzano, Jenna C. Gibbs, Jonathan D. Adachi, Maureen C. Ashe, Angela M. Cheung, Keith D. Hill, David Kendler, Aliya A. Khan, Caitlin McArthur, Alexandra Papaioannou, Lehana Thabane, John D. Wark, and Lora M. Giangregorio

Fear of falling is a common issue among older adults, which decreases quality of life and leads to an avoidance of activities they are still able to do. The goal of this secondary data analysis was to explore the relationship between fear of falling and exercise self-efficacy in 141 women with at least one nontraumatic Genant Grade 2 vertebral fracture. Fear of falling, exercise self-efficacy, history of falling, the number of falls, the use of assisting devices, and pain at rest or during movement were obtained using medical history and health status questionnaires. There was a negative association between fear of falling and exercise self-efficacy (pseudo R 2 = .253; p = .004), which persisted when the analysis was adjusted for history and number of falls, use of assistive devices, and pain at rest (pseudo R 2 = .329; p < .0001) or during movement (pseudo R 2 = .321; p < .0001). Fear of falling may be negatively associated with exercise self-efficacy in older women with vertebral fracture.

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Waist Circumference, Physical Activity, and Functional Impairments in Older U.S. Adults: Results from the NHANES 2005–2010

John A. Batsis, Cassandra M. Germain, Elizabeth Vásquez, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez, and Stephen J. Bartels

Physical activity (PA) improves function in older obese adults. However, body mass index is an unreliable adiposity indicator better reflected by waist circumference (WC). The impact of PA on physical impairment and mobility with high WC is unclear. We performed a secondary data analysis of 4,976 adults ≥ 60 years of age using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005–2010. Physical limitations (PL), activities of daily living (ADL) impairments, and PA (low = < 1 day/week or high = > 1 day/week) were self-reported. WC was dichotomized (females: 88 cm; males: 102 cm). Mean age was 70.1 years and 55.1% were female. Prevalence of PL and ADL impairment in the high WC group were 57.7% and 18.8%, respectively, and high PA was present in 53.9%. Among those with high WC, high PA vs. low PA participants were at lower risk of PL (OR 0.58 [0.48−0.70]) and ADL impairment (OR 0.46 [0.32−0.65]). Those with high WC had higher odds of PL irrespective of PA (high PA: OR 1.57 [1.30−1.88]; low PA: OR 1.52 [1.29−1.79]) and ADL impairment (high PA: OR 1.27 [1.02−1.57] and low PA: OR 1.24 [0.99−1.54]). High PA in viscerally obese individuals is associated with impairments.