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Erika Casolino, Cristina Cortis, Corrado Lupo, Salvatore Chiodo, Carlo Minganti and Laura Capranica


To anticipate outstanding athletic outcomes, the selection process of elite athletes simultaneously considers psychophysiological and technical parameters. This study aimed to investigate whether selected and nonselected athletes for the Italian national taekwondo team could be discriminated by means of sportspecific performances and psychophysiological responses to training.


5 established Italian national athletes and 20 elite Italian taekwondo black belt athletes (9 women, 16 men; age 23.0 ± 3.1 y; body mass 67.0 ± 12.1 kg).


To update the Italian national-team roster, the 20 elite athletes participated in a 1-wk selection camp (7 training sessions). Selected athletes (n = 10) joined established national athletes during the following 3-wk national training period (7 training sessions/wk). During the 1-wk selection camp, differences (P < .05) between selected and nonselected athletes in performances, heart-rate responses, blood lactate accumulation [La], subjective ratings of perceived exertion (session RPE), and mood were examined. During the 3-wk national training period, differences (P < .05) in mood between selected and established national athletes were investigated.


With respect to nonselected athletes, selected athletes responded better to training in terms of session RPE (P = .047) and [La] (P = .046). No difference in performance and mood between subgroups emerged. After the 3-wk national training period, differences (P = .035) emerged for confusion, with decreases in the established national athletes and increases for recently selected athletes.


Session RPE and [La] seem to be more effective than psychological measures in discriminating between elite taekwondo athletes. Evaluation of mood could be effective in monitoring athletes’ response to national training.

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Carolyn E. McEwen, Laura Hurd Clarke, Erica V. Bennett, Kimberley A. Dawson and Peter R.E. Crocker

Competing for selection to high-performance teams is an inevitable, but often highly stressful, part of elite sport ( Greenleaf, Gould, & Dieffenbach, 2001 ; Grove, Fish, & Eklund, 2004 ; Schinke, Stambulova, Trepanier, & Oghene, 2015 ). The outcome of these selection processes can have career

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Josh Ogden and Jonathon R. Edwards

Organizations in a sport system compete against one another while working together to sustain a competitive environment and to provide opportunities for competition at the provincial/state, national, or international level. This paper is a multicase study comparison of the elite sport development systems of Canada and Sweden to explore the differences and similarities between their approaches to the delivery of ice hockey. Semistructured interviews took place with participants from North America and Europe. Additional data came from media articles from Canada and Sweden. Findings revealed six themes/characteristics: the cost of hockey, residential boundaries, the player selection process, skill development, early specialization, and coaching. The results suggest that Canadian and Swedish hockey systems offer two different approaches to elite player development (closed vs. open systems), resulting in different trajectories regarding international success in the World Junior Championships and in the number of players drafted into the National Hockey League.

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Warren A. Whisenant, Paul M. Pedersen and Michael K. Smucker

Job satisfaction is an essential construct explaining human behavior in organizations. To fully understand the construct, however, it is necessary to recognize how employees establish satisfaction levels. One method has been to explore who employees use as a basis of comparison—referent others—when establishing their perceptions of equity, which influence satisfaction. This study expanded the body of knowledge associated with satisfaction and sport organizations by using nontraditional participants—members of the Association for Women in Sports Media. The referent-selection processes used by these women in determining their level of satisfaction in five specific areas of job satisfaction were compared. The Job Descriptive Index was used to establish satisfaction levels, and a Referent Selection Instrument identified whom the participants used as a basis of comparison. The findings indicate the extent to which the participants made referent comparisons, what comparisons were made, and the relationship between satisfaction and their referent comparisons.

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Christopher L. Stevenson

Two forms of justice, distributive and procedural, were used to examine athletes’ perceptions of the fairness of selections for national sports teams. Two questions were investigated: whether the athletes perceived the selections to be fair, and whether their perceptions of the fairness of the selection outcomes were related to their perceptions of the fairness of the selection procedures. Data were collected through interviews from all first-year players on six selected national teams. Three procedures were identified by which the teams selected their athletes: “board of selectors,” “national coach,” and “mixed.” The first type of selection process was associated with perceptions of unfairness of both the selection procedures and the outcomes. The second type was perceived to be fair in both its selection procedures and outcomes. The third type, mixed, occupied an intermediate position and the athletes were ambivalent about both its procedures and selection outcomes. It was concluded that the athletes’ perceptions of the fairness of the selection outcomes were indeed related to their perceptions of the fairness of the selection procedures.

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Mark S. Nagel and Lynn W. McGee

In 2002, the state of South Carolina authorized the University of South Carolina Beaufort (USCB) to alter its role and mission from a two-year college to a four-year, baccalaureate-granting institution. As part of its desire to become a “full-service” university, USCB planned to begin intercollegiate athletic competition by 2007. In addition to launching the athletic department, USCB needed to select a mascot and logo that would be appropriate not only for the new athletic department, but also for the two-campus institution that was located in the beautiful South Carolina Sea Islands. Rather than simply have the chancellor or the new athletic director select the mascot and color scheme, USCB formed a mascot selection committee comprised of various on and off-campus stakeholders who utilized survey research to solicit a wide variety of potential mascot choices before undertaking its evaluations and making its final recommendation. This case provides details regarding USCB’s mascot selection process and poses a variety of questions for students to contemplate when making athletic branding decisions.

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Ari Kim, Moonhoon Choi and Kyriaki Kaplanidou

Residents’ support for hosting the Olympic Games is crucial for a bid to succeed in the Olympic host-city selection process. Because of the vital role of the media in framing public perceptions of Olympic bids, the purpose of this study was to examine media coverage of hosting the Olympic Games during the Olympic host-city bid process. A quantitative content analysis was conducted on newspaper articles about Pyeongchang, Korea. Pyeongchang was a candidate city for 3 consecutive bids for the Winter Olympic Games, and it finally won its latest bid to host the 2018 Games. Six hundred Korean newspaper articles were collected for analysis. The results indicated that positive, nationwide discussions of hosting the Olympic Games were presented during the successful bid. Infrastructure legacy was mentioned frequently and dominantly for both successful and unsuccessful bid periods, whereas the presence of sport-development and sociocultural-legacy themes increased in the latest, successful, bid. In addition, extensive coverage related to celebrity endorsement was found during the successful bid.

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Iñigo Mujika

winner of the tournament among the 32 participating teams. Even the selection process of the official mascot of the 2018 FIFA World Cup provides an indication of the size of the event: More than 1 million Russian citizens cast their votes online over a month-long voting period, and the winning candidate

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International Sport Coaching Journal


interpretations and hence matters. Coaches should be aware of these (potentially unintentional) consequences. Setting the Conditions for Success: A Case Study Involving the Selection Process for the Canadian Forces Snowbird Demonstration Team Martin, L., & Eys, M. (2019). Journal of Applied Sport Psychology

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Jaak Jürimäe

system and exposed to more advanced coaching expertise and more match-play time ( 11 ). Although these biases might threaten the efficacy of talent identification and selection processes, the role of biological maturation and relative age effect on specific positional role allocation remains rather