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Elisa C. Murru and Kathleen A. Martin Ginis

This experiment examined the effects of a possible selves intervention on self-regulatory efficacy and exercise behavior among 19 men and 61 women (M age = 21.43 years, SD = 3.28) who reported exercising fewer than 3 times per week. Participants were randomly assigned to a control condition, a hoped-for possible selves intervention condition, or a feared possible selves intervention condition. The hoped-for and feared possible selves interventions required participants to imagine themselves in the future as either healthy, regular exercisers or as unhealthy, inactive individuals, respectively. Participants in the control condition completed a quiz about physical activity. Measures of self-regulatory efficacy (scheduling, planning, goal setting, and barrier self-efficacy) were taken immediately before and after the intervention. Participants who received either possible selves intervention reported greater exercise behavior 4 weeks and 8 weeks postintervention than participants in the control group. Planning self-efficacy partially mediated the effects of the possible selves intervention on exercise behavior over the first 4 weeks of the study. These findings highlight the effectiveness of possible selves interventions for increasing exercise behavior and the role of self-regulatory processes for explaining such effects.

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Leisha Strachan, Tara-Leigh McHugh, and Courtney Mason

, there was at least one graduate student who self-identified as Indigenous. For clarity, we use the term “Indigenous” to refer collectively to First Nations, Métis, and Inuit peoples in the context of colonial Canada. That being said, youth participants at times used self-appellation to refer to their

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John Williams and Shane Pill

purpose: (a) whose knowledge and what kind of knowledge counts in Australian PE? and (b) how can dominant knowledge in PE be challenged to expose its colonizing tendency? Self-Study We used a self-study approach as a methodology for understanding professional practice settings ( Pinnegar, 1998 ). Self

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Scott W. Cheatham and Kyle R. Stull

understudied include (1) the effects RM has on individuals experienced with RM and nonexperienced individuals and (2) the difference between a prescribed RM program with preset parameters and a self-preferred program. The existing body of research lacks evidence in the aforementioned areas, which leaves a gap

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Scott W. Cheatham

. 4 , 7 The interprofessional care of an athlete often involves different interventions used among professionals. One common intervention prescribed is roller massage (RM) or self-myofascial release. The research supports the use of RM as a preexercise warm-up. 8 – 12 Researchers have also

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Judy L. Van Raalte, Lorraine Wilson, Allen Cornelius, and Britton W. Brewer

The effects of instructional and motivational self-talk have been examined in the literature on self-talk in sport ( Hatzigeorgiadis, Zourbanos, Galanis, & Theodorakis, 2011 ; Tod, Hardy, & Oliver, 2011 ). Research suggests that self-talk is particularly effective when it is matched to the type of

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Petra V. Kolić, David T. Sims, Kirsty Hicks, Laura Thomas, and Christopher I. Morse

led women to be vigilant, self-conscious, and selective of daily activities they undertook and avoided ( Johnston-Robledo & Chrisler, 2013 ). Beyond daily activities, however, limited studies have investigated how women experienced and perceived the menstrual cycle and its impact on sporting

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Erika D. Van Dyke, Judy L. Van Raalte, Elizabeth M. Mullin, and Britton W. Brewer

Most self-talk and sport research has been conducted in noncompetitive or laboratory settings ( Hatzigeorgiadis, Zourbanos, Galanis, & Theodorakis, 2011 ; Tod, Hardy, & Oliver, 2011 ). Research related to highly skilled athletes’ self-talk during competition has focused on self-talk frequency (e

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Brittany N. Semenchuk, Shaelyn M. Strachan, and Michelle Fortier

Most Canadians are not active enough ( Colley et al., 2011 ; Statistics Canada, 2016 ) to achieve health benefits ( Lee, Artero, Sui, & Blair, 2010 ). This trend of inactivity may be due, in part, to the self-regulatory effort required to adhere to exercise ( Mermelstein & Revenson, 2013 ). Self

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Margaret P. Sanders and Nicholas P. Murray

2010, violent crimes were one of the top 10 leading causes of preventable deaths, and in 2012 rose by 0.7 percent ( CDC, 2014 ; Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2013 ). One of the methods used to counter violence and violent crimes is the acquisition of self-defense skills. Therefore, the development