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Zachary W. Arth, Darrin J. Griffin and Andrew C. Billings

in terms of the players themselves. The interest here is in descriptions of American and non-American players (with a largely American audience on the receiving end) and thus it is important to consider self-categorization theory ( Turner, Hogg, Oakes, Reicher, & Wetherell, 1987 ). Self-categorization

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Bryan E. Denham

. Discussion Drawing on contact, social identity, and self-categorization theories, this study examined the extent to which adolescent sports participation associated with concern about the treatment of minority groups and worry about race relations in the United States. The research drew on data gathered in

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Rebecca A. Alt

be understood through two theoretical frames: Self-Categorization Theory, which is a branch of Social Identity Theory (and is social scientific), and Postcolonial Theory, which hails from the tradition of critical theory. Self-Categorization Theory specifies that one’s personal associations are

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Akira Asada and Yong Jae Ko

, which usually refers to social identity theory and self-categorization theory ( Hornsey, 2008 ). The social identity approach assumes that part of an individual’s sense of self is derived from his or her membership in a social group such as gender, race, nationality, and occupation (i

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Matthew Katz, Thomas A. Baker III and Hui Du

( 1985 ) proposed self-categorization theory to further understand how group membership influences the behaviors of individual members. Along with social identity, self-categorization theory yielded the social identity approach. Self-categorization involves individuals assimilating their self-concept as

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Akira Asada, Yong Jae Ko and Wonseok (Eric) Jang

and self-categorization theory ( Hornsey, 2008 ). The social identity approach assumes that part of individuals’ sense of self is derived from their membership in a social group (i.e., social identity; Tajfel, 2010 ). At any given time, a certain social identity becomes salient, and people categorize

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Thomas Horky, Marianna Baranovskaa, Christoph G. Grimmer, Honorata Jakubowska and Barbara Stelzner

ours” (p. 66). Also related to basketball, Billings et al. ( 2009 ) did a qualitative text analysis of a match telecast in four different countries during the 2008 Olympics based on self-categorization theory with dichotomies like us/them or I/they. Aside from the different structure of the telecasts

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Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Angela Coppola, Thomas Curran, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Mary Jung, Larkin Lamarche, Luc Martin and Kathleen Wilson

approach, which considers the mental and physical benefits derived from developing social identities based on meaningful group memberships. Grounded in social identity and self-categorization theories, a social identity approach recognizes that individual psychology is invariably influenced by group life

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Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin and Kathleen Wilson

://www.hioa.no/tilsatt/karis Same Age, Any Gender: Increasing Exercise Adherence in Older Adults Older adults report the lowest levels of physical activity; thus, finding ways to encourage this group to be more active is important. According to self-categorization theory, individuals categorize people based on various social

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T. Bettina Cornwell, Steffen Jahn, Hu Xie and Wang Suk Suh

clear regarding the important role that group memberships play in defining self ( Tajfel & Turner, 1986 ). Group memberships are key in the definition of self and of others. Furthermore, self-categorization theory suggests that group membership influences social behavior and is important to the