Self-compassion draws upon philosophies of a healthy self-attitude and new ways to understand well-being ( Neff, 2003 ). It involves understanding, kindness, and openness to one’s own suffering within a framework of nonjudgment and mindfulness. Self-compassion is composed of three distinct concepts
Zenzi Huysmans and Damien Clement
Leah J. Ferguson, Kent C. Kowalski, Diane E. Mack and Catherine M. Sabiston
Using a mixed methods research design, we explored self-compassion and eudaimonic well-being in young women athletes. In a quantitative study (n = 83), we found that self-compassion and eudaimonic well-being were positively related (r = .76, p < .01). A model of multiple mediation was proposed, with self-compassion, passivity, responsibility, initiative, and self-determination accounting for 83% of the variance in eudaimonic well-being. In a qualitative study (n = 11), we explored when and how self-compassion might be useful in striving to reach one’s potential in sport. Self-compassion was described as advantageous in difficult sport-specific situations by increasing positivity, perseverance, and responsibility, as well as decreasing rumination. Apprehensions about fully embracing a self-compassionate mindset in sport warrant additional research to explore the seemingly paradoxical role of self-compassion in eudaimonic well-being.
Amber D. Mosewich, Catherine M. Sabiston, Kent C. Kowalski, Patrick Gaudreau and Peter R.E. Crocker
their athletic goals and psychological well-being. Self-compassion has been related to positive psychological functioning and emotional well-being in women involved in sport ( Ferguson, Kowalski, Mack, & Sabiston, 2014 ; Mosewich, Crocker, Kowalski, & DeLongis, 2013 ; Mosewich, Kowalski, Sabiston
Nathan A. Reis, Kent C. Kowalski, Amber D. Mosewich and Leah J. Ferguson
experience and minimize attrition rates. One construct that has been associated with easing sport-specific setbacks and challenges is self-compassion, which is a warm and accepting way of treating oneself in the face of difficult experiences ( Neff, 2003a , 2003b ). Comprised of self-kindness, common
Brittany N. Semenchuk, Shaelyn M. Strachan and Michelle Fortier
-adherence researchers and practitioners are interested in variables that can improve self-regulation. Self-Compassion Researchers argue that an individual’s capacity to self-regulate health behaviors is influenced by one’s level of self-compassion ( Terry & Leary, 2011 ). Self-compassion is the ability to be kind to
Robert C. Hilliard, Lorenzo A. Redmond and Jack C. Watson II
positively predicted discomfort. Taken together, these studies suggest that stigma plays an important role in student-athletes’ attitudes toward help-seeking. Therefore, exploring variables that could help to reduce stigma is important. Self-compassion is one potential variable that could mitigate the
Meghan S. Ingstrup, Amber D. Mosewich and Nicholas L. Holt
The purpose of this study was to explore factors that contributed to the development of self-compassion among highly self-compassionate women varsity athletes. More specifically, the research question was: how did women varsity athletes with high self-compassion perceive they became self-compassionate? To purposefully sample participants, 114 women varsity athletes completed the Self-Compassion Scale (Neff, 2003b). Ten athletes with high self-compassion scores then participated in individual interviews and a follow-up second interview. Data were analyzed using interpretive phenomenological analysis (Smith & Osborn, 2003). Analysis produced three main themes that contributed to the development of self-compassion: (a) role of parents (seeking and receiving help from parents, parents teaching self-kindness, parents putting experiences in perspective); (b) gaining self-awareness; and (c) learning from others (peers, siblings, coaches, sport psychologists). These findings provide insights into the ways in which self-compassion can be learned and taught, and have implications for practitioners who work with women athletes.
Amber D. Mosewich, Kent C. Kowalski, Catherine M. Sabiston, Whitney A. Sedgwick and Jessica L. Tracy
Self-compassion has demonstrated many psychological benefits (Neff, 2009). In an effort to explore self-compassion as a potential resource for young women athletes, we explored relations among self-compassion, proneness to self-conscious emotions (i.e., shame, guilt-free shame, guilt, shame-free guilt, authentic pride, and hubristic pride), and potentially unhealthy self-evaluative thoughts and behaviors (i.e., social physique anxiety, obligatory exercise, objectified body consciousness, fear of failure, and fear of negative evaluation). Young women athletes (N = 151; M age = 15.1 years) participated in this study. Self-compassion was negatively related to shame proneness, guilt-free shame proneness, social physique anxiety, objectified body consciousness, fear of failure, and fear of negative evaluation. In support of theoretical propositions, self-compassion explained variance beyond self-esteem on shame proneness, guilt-free shame proneness, shame-free guilt proneness, objectified body consciousness, fear of failure, and fear of negative evaluation. Results suggest that, in addition to self-esteem promotion, self-compassion development may be beneficial in cultivating positive sport experiences for young women.
Amber D. Mosewich, Peter R.E. Crocker, Kent C. Kowalski and Anita DeLongis
This study investigated the effects of a self-compassion intervention on negative cognitive states and selfcompassion in varsity women athletes. Athletes who self-identified as being self-critical were randomly assigned to a self-compassion intervention (n = 29) or attention control group (n = 22). The self-compassion intervention consisted of a psychoeducation session and writing components completed over a 7-day period. Measures of self-compassion, state self-criticism, state rumination, and concern over mistakes were collected pretreatment, at 1 week posttreatment, and at a 4-week follow-up. A mixed factorial MANOVA with follow-up post hoc tests demonstrated moderate-to-strong effects for the intervention at posttest and follow-up (Wilks’s Λ = .566, F (8, 42) = 4.03, p < .01, η2 = .43). The findings demonstrate the effectiveness of the self-compassion intervention in managing self-criticism, rumination, and concern over mistakes. Fostering a self-compassionate frame of mind is a potential coping resource for women athletes dealing with negative events in sport.
Trevor Cote, Amy Baltzell and Robert Diehl
beneficial for future MMTS programs. Likewise, Ferguson, Kowalski, Mack, and Sabiston ( 2014 ) substantiated the value of self-compassion as they found that women athletes’ perceived self-compassion may increase positivity, perseverance, and responsibility during emotionally difficult sport situations