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Patricia Marten DiBartolo and Carey Shaffer

This study examines eating attitudes, body satisfaction, reasons for exercise, and general psychological well-being in female nonathletes and Division III college athletes. A total of 115 nonathletes and 94 athletes completed measures of eating attitudes, body satisfaction, trait affect, reasons for exercise, and perceived self-competence. On the majority of measures, the scores of athletes revealed less eating disorder symptomatology and more healthy psychological functioning than the scores of nonathletes. These results indicate that female athletic involvement can be associated with healthy eating and psychological functioning. Future research should give consideration to which environments may foster healthy sports participation.

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Cecilia Hoi Sze Chan, Amy Sau Ching Ha, and Johan Yau Yin Ng

.1186/1479-5868-7-80 10.1186/1479-5868-7-80 Harter , S. ( 1985 ). Manual for the self-perception profile for children: Revision of the perceived self-competence scale for children . Denver, CO : University of Denver . Harter , S. ( 1978 ). Effectance motivation reconsidered. Toward a developmental model . Human

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Sarah A. Amin, Paula J. Duquesnay, Catherine M. Wright, Kenneth Chui, Christina D. Economos, and Jennifer M. Sacheck

. 2006 ; 16 ( 4 ): 467 – 83 . doi:10.1177/1049732305286051 16513991 10.1177/1049732305286051 21. Jacobs JE , Lanza S , Osgood DW , Eccles JS , Wigfield A . Changes in children’s self-competence and values: gender and domain differences across grades one through twelve . Child Dev . 2002

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Mingda Li, Weidong Li, Junyoung Kim, Ping Xiang, Fei Xin, and Yan Tang

same sports and games. The assessment of self-efficacy beliefs can be task-specific or domain-specific, depending on what research questions the researchers want to address. Self-efficacy beliefs and perceived competence can be used interchangeably if both are used to assess self-competence about one

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Ashley C. Almarjawi, Kemi E. Wright, Brett D. Buist, John Cairney, Tony T. Ton, and Bonnie J. Furzer

important to note the influence of psychological aspects such as internalizing disorders, lower perceived self-competence, and decreased self-efficacy on motor abilities ( 26 ). This reduction in motor competency has a direct impact on physical activity participation during childhood ( 17 ). Given the

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Caterina Pesce, Ilaria Masci, Rosalba Marchetti, Giuseppe Vannozzi, and Mirko Schmidt

.2.237 10.1123/pes.23.2.237 Jacobs , J.E. , Lanza , S. , Osgood , D.W. , Eccles , J.S. , & Wigfield , A. ( 2002 ). Changes in children’s self-competence and values: Gender and domain differences across grades one through twelve . Child Development, 73 , 509 – 527 . PubMed ID: 11949906 doi:10

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Chantelle Zimmer, Janice Causgrove Dunn, and Nicholas L. Holt

. , Rigoli , D. , Roberts , L. , Heritage , B. , & Piek , J. ( 2018b ). The relationship between motor skills, perceived self-competence, peer problems and internalizing problems in a community sample of children . Infant and Child Development, 27, e2073 – e2093 . doi:10.1002/icd.2073 Mancini

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Teri A. Todd, Keely Ahrold, Danielle N. Jarvis, and Melissa A. Mache

). Relationships among motor skill, perceived self-competence, fitness, and physical activity in young adults . Human Movement Science, 66, 209 – 219 . PubMed ID: 31071613 doi:10.1016/j.humov.2019.04.015 Sherrod , G.M. , Blankenship , D. , Wijayasinghe , I. , Walsh , R. , Patterson , R. , Popa , D

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Katherine Q. Scott-Andrews, Rebecca E. Hasson, Alison L. Miller, Thomas J. Templin, and Leah E. Robinson

, perceived self-competence, fitness, and physical activity in young adults . Human Movement Science, 66, 209 – 219 . 10.1016/j.humov.2019.04.015 Schmied , E.A. , Chuang , E. , Madanat , H. , Moody , J. , Ibarra , L. , Ortiz , K. , Macias , K

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Anthony Battaglia and Gretchen Kerr

). While athlete-centered approaches may require increased time and effort, positive outcomes for coaches and athletes include enjoyment, performance success, improved motivation, increased self-competence, positive relational experiences, sport maintenance, and overall satisfaction ( Falcão et al., 2017