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Patricia Marten DiBartolo and Carey Shaffer

This study examines eating attitudes, body satisfaction, reasons for exercise, and general psychological well-being in female nonathletes and Division III college athletes. A total of 115 nonathletes and 94 athletes completed measures of eating attitudes, body satisfaction, trait affect, reasons for exercise, and perceived self-competence. On the majority of measures, the scores of athletes revealed less eating disorder symptomatology and more healthy psychological functioning than the scores of nonathletes. These results indicate that female athletic involvement can be associated with healthy eating and psychological functioning. Future research should give consideration to which environments may foster healthy sports participation.

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Cecilia Hoi Sze Chan, Amy Sau Ching Ha and Johan Yau Yin Ng

.1186/1479-5868-7-80 10.1186/1479-5868-7-80 Harter , S. ( 1985 ). Manual for the self-perception profile for children: Revision of the perceived self-competence scale for children . Denver, CO : University of Denver . Harter , S. ( 1978 ). Effectance motivation reconsidered. Toward a developmental model . Human

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Sarah A. Amin, Paula J. Duquesnay, Catherine M. Wright, Kenneth Chui, Christina D. Economos and Jennifer M. Sacheck

. 2006 ; 16 ( 4 ): 467 – 83 . doi:10.1177/1049732305286051 16513991 10.1177/1049732305286051 21. Jacobs JE , Lanza S , Osgood DW , Eccles JS , Wigfield A . Changes in children’s self-competence and values: gender and domain differences across grades one through twelve . Child Dev . 2002

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Caterina Pesce, Ilaria Masci, Rosalba Marchetti, Giuseppe Vannozzi and Mirko Schmidt

.2.237 10.1123/pes.23.2.237 Jacobs , J.E. , Lanza , S. , Osgood , D.W. , Eccles , J.S. , & Wigfield , A. ( 2002 ). Changes in children’s self-competence and values: Gender and domain differences across grades one through twelve . Child Development, 73 , 509 – 527 . PubMed ID: 11949906 doi:10

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Athanasios Kolovelonis and Marios Goudas

physical activity games . Champaign, IL : Human Kinetics . Trew , K. , Scully , D. , Kremer , J. , & Ogle , S. ( 1999 ). Sport, leisure and perceived self-competence among male and female adolescents . European Physical Education Review, 5, 53 – 74 . doi: 10.1177/1356336X990051004 Wang , C

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Kelly P. Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Viviane Grassmann, Krystn Orr, Amy C. McPherson, Guy E. Faulkner and F. Virginia Wright

environments (+) self-competence (except physical domain) (−) acceptance only in social activities; with physical disabilities only: reluctance to engage, made first contact, self-consciousness, lack spontaneity; TD only: stereotype youth with physical disabilities Zitomer and Reid ( 2011 ) United States Focus

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Zoë A. Poucher, Katherine A. Tamminen and Gretchen Kerr

, esteem, informational, and tangible support ( Cobb, 1976 ; Cutrona & Russell, 1990 ). Emotional support concerns comforting individuals and allowing them to feel loved and cared for, esteem support concerns boosting the recipient’s sense of self-competence and self-esteem, informational support involves

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Barbara E. Bechter, James A. Dimmock, Joshua L. Howard, Peter R. Whipp and Ben Jackson

interactions) in which three psychological needs—for autonomy (i.e., the need to be the source of one’s behavior and experience actions as originating from the self), competence (i.e., the need to feel effective in one’s actions), and relatedness (i.e., the need to feel supported and connected to significant