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Julien Le Gal, Mickael Begon, Benoit Gillet and Isabelle Rogowski

treatment time and frequency. 17 Self-myofascial release may be an alternative method to massage, as the individuals use their own body mass or strength to exert pressure with or without a tool on the affected soft tissues. Moreover, self-myofascial release is believed to have similar beneficial effects to

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Kimberly Somers, Dustin Aune, Anthony Horten, James Kim and Julia Rogers

elongation of equal parts of both tendon and muscle fascicles, whereas post stretching ROM gains were secondary to changes in elastic properties of the gastrocnemius muscle rather than the tendon. During self-myofascial release, pressure, undulation, movement, and friction are applied to muscle tissue

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Amandda de Souza, Cristiano Gomes Sanchotene, Cristiano Moreira da Silva Lopes, Jader Alfredo Beck, Affonso Celso Kulevicz da Silva, Suzana Matheus Pereira and Caroline Ruschel

adhesions observed among layers of the fascial tissue, 11 restore its ideal length and stimulate the circulation of liquids, 12 increase the ROM, relieve pain and restore the quantity and quality of movements. 13 Self-myofascial release (SMR) is one of the techniques used in which the individual (instead

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Whitney Williams and Noelle M. Selkow

. This demonstrated that myofascial release applied to one area of the SBL can affect another area of the “train.” Additional studies have found improved flexibility of the hamstrings with the use of self-myofascial release (SMR) to parts of the body away from the hamstrings. 11 , 12 Self-myofascial

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Christine M. Feldbauer, Brittany A. Smith and Bonnie Van Lunen

Clinical Question:

Does self-myofascial release improve lower extremity fexibility or range of motion in physically active individuals?

Clinical Bottom Line:

There is low-level evidence to support the use of self-my-ofascial release to increase range of motion and fexibility in the lower extremity.

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Robert W. Morton, Sara Y. Oikawa, Stuart M. Phillips, Michaela C. Devries and Cameron J. Mitchell


Self–myofascial release (SMR) is a common exercise and therapeutic modality shown to induce acute improvements in joint range of motion (ROM) and recovery; however, no long-term studies have been conducted. Static stretching (SS) is the most common method used to increase joint ROM and decrease muscle stiffness. It was hypothesized that SMR paired with SS (SMR+SS) compared with SS alone over a 4-wk intervention would yield greater improvement in knee-extension ROM and hamstring stiffness.


19 men (22 ± 3 y) with bilateral reduced hamstring ROM had each of their legs randomly assigned to either an SMR+SS or an SS-only group. The intervention consisted of 4 repetitions of SS each for 45 s or the identical amount of SS preceded by 4 repetitions of SMR each for 60 s and was performed on the respective leg twice daily for 4 wk. Passive ROM, hamstring stiffness, rate of torque development (RTD), and maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) were assessed pre- and postintervention.


Passive ROM (P < .001), RTD, and MVC (P < .05) all increased after the intervention. Hamstring stiffness toward end-ROM was reduced postintervention (P = .02). There were no differences between the intervention groups for any variable.


The addition of SMR to SS did not enhance the efficacy of SS alone. SS increases joint ROM through a combination of decreased muscle stiffness and increased stretch tolerance.

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Corall S. Hjert and Cynthia J. Wright

around muscles, bones, nerves, blood vessels, and dermal tissues. 7 Fascial restrictions can cause the tissue to lose elasticity and hydration. 8 This depletion results in fibrous adhesions which results in pain, inhibition of muscle function, and neuromuscular hypertonicity. 8 Self-myofascial release

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Fang-Yu Hsu, Kuei-Lan Tsai, Chia-Lun Lee, Wen-Dien Chang and Nai-Jen Chang

, strength, agility, and sprinting and jumping performance after performing DS. 17 – 23 A foam roller is a self-myofascial release device that individuals use to apply pressure on targeted soft tissues by using their own body mass. The mechanism of foam rolling (FR) may include changing neuromuscular

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Nicola Giovanelli, Filippo Vaccari, Mirco Floreani, Enrico Rejc, Jasmine Copetti, Marco Garra, Lea Biasutti and Stefano Lazzer

Many athletes commonly use different strategies (ie, dynamic or static stretching, massages, self-myofascial release [SMFR]) before and/or after competitions or training sessions to improve flexibility, accelerate recovery time, and decrease injury risk. 1 However, in the literature there are

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Jan Wilke, Philipp Niemeyer, Daniel Niederer, Robert Schleip and Winfried Banzer

of treatment velocity. References 1. Thompson W . Worldwide survey of fitness trends for 2018: the CREP edition . ACSM’s Health Fitness J . 2017 ; 21 : 10 – 19 . doi:10.1249/FIT.0000000000000341 10.1249/FIT.0000000000000341 2. Beardsley C , Škarabot J . Effects of self-myofascial release