, & Pellegrini, 2003 ). Physical self-perception is another important correlate of PA behavior ( Raudsepp, Liblik, & Hannus, 2002 ). Physical self-perception plays an important role in motivation and participation in PA ( Bryant, James, Birch, & Duncan, 2014 ; Jaakkola, Sami, Anthony, & Jarmo, 2016 ), and is
Vaimanino Rogers, Lisa M. Barnett and Natalie Lander
Gregory J. Welk, Charles B. Corbin and Lisa A. Lewis
The Physical Self-Perception Profile (3) assesses perceptions of sport competence, physical conditioning, strength, and body attractiveness. Originally validated with college students, the profile has subsequently been adapted for use with younger children (13) and older adults (2) but not with teenage or athletic populations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the factor validity of the children’s version of the Physical Self-Perception Profile (C-PSPP) for high school athletes (N = 542). The C-PSPP was given to athletes (both boys and girls) from a variety of competitive sports. The internal reliability of the subscales was good for both sexes (alphas = .73 to .83), with the exception of the Sport scale for the males (alpha = .64). A clear four-factor structure was evident, though cross loadings existed for males on the Sport scale. Results indicate that teenage athletes have strong physical self-perceptions compared to other populations, particularly regarding skill performance and conditioning.
Lennart Raudsepp, Kristjan Kais and Aave Hannus
This study was undertaken to examine the stability of adolescents’ physical self-perceptions across short (4 days) and longer (6 and 12 months) periods of time. Boys and girls (n = 195) from 12 to 13 years of age completed the Children’s Physical Self-Perception Profile for 4 consecutive days; follow-up measurements were performed 6 and 12 months later. Results for the short term revealed relatively high stability of physical self-perceptions for the group, although most individuals showed fluctuations in self-perceptions over the 4 days. As expected, adolescents’ self-perceptions were less stable when follow-up measurements were administered.
Nadia Cristina Valentini, Glauber Carvalho Nobre, Mariele Santayana de Souza and Michael J. Duncan
BMI, 1 self-perceptions, 4 motor competence, 5 , 6 and health-related fitness, 7 grounded on conceptual model proposed by Stodden et al. 3 This model posits that in middle and late childhood, motor competence is directly related to PA, which, in turn, influences weight status. 3 Such assertions
James R. Whitehead
This project was a study of the validity and reliability of adapted versions of Fox and Corbin’s (10) Physical Self-Perception Profile (PSPP) and Perceived Importance Profile (PIP) for use with seventh- and eight-grade students. The Children’s PSPP and PIP (C-PSPP and C-PIP) questionnaires were completed by 505 students. Results supported the reliability and the construct and concurrent validity of the C-PSPP scales. Factorial validity of the C-PIP was not demonstrated. Similar to Fox and Corbin’s (10) results, regression analysis revealed that a large proportion of the variance in general physical selfworth (PSW) was explained by the C-PSPP scales. The hypothesis that PSW mediates between general self-worth (GSW) and the four C-PSPP scales in a hierarchical arrangement was also supported. Failure to psychologically discount the importance of perceived incompetence in specific areas impacted global self-worth. Correlations with physical fitness test scores provided evidence of concurrent validity of the C-PSPP scales.
Lisa M. Barnett, David R. Lubans, Anna Timperio, Jo Salmon and Nicola D. Ridgers
, there is increasing evidence that children’s perception of their physical attributes and abilities is also associated with health outcomes. Self-perception can be divided into the domains of cognitive, social, and physical ( Harter, 1987 ; Shavelson, Hubner, & Stanton, 1976 ). Having a higher physical
Tamar Semerjian and Dawn Stephens
This study examined the relationships between older women’s comparison styles, physical self-perceptions, and functional fitness. Participants were community-dwelling women (N = 102, age 65-99) living in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States. Individuals were categorized as relying primarily on social comparisons, temporal comparisons, or a combination of both styles. Also of interest was whether individuals evaluated themselves positively or negatively when making comparisons. Participants who evaluated themselves positively as compared with others were found to have higher levels of physical self-perception. Analyses revealed that women who relied primarily on temporal comparisons had higher self-perceptions of their functional ability than those who relied on a combination of comparison styles. An avoidance of both temporal and social comparisons was also related to higher levels of physical self-perception.
Sarah A. Amin, Paula J. Duquesnay, Catherine M. Wright, Kenneth Chui, Christina D. Economos and Jennifer M. Sacheck
impact these behaviors. Children’s self-perceptions are crucial to the adoption and maintenance of physical activity (PA) behaviors as well as psychological well-being ( 8 , 25 ). One domain of self-perception is perceived athletic competence (PAC), defined as the confidence to perform sports and outdoor
Kenneth R. Fox and Charles B. Corbin
The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument that would permit the application of recent advances in self-esteem theory to the study of self-perception in the physical domain. Open-ended questionnaire responses were used to identify important contributors to the physical self-esteem of a college age population. Based on these data, four subdomain subscales designed to assess perceived bodily attractiveness, sports competence, physical strength, and physical conditioning were constructed along with a general physical self-worth subscale as the basis of the Physical Self-Perception Profile. The sensitivity, reliability, and stability of the subscales were supported for both genders across three independent samples. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis indicated the discriminant validity of the subdomain subscales, supporting the concept of multidimensionality within the physical domain. Zero-order correlation, partial correlation, and multiple regression analyses provided results consistent with a three-tier hierarchical structure among self-perception elements. In addition, initial predictive validity of the subdomain subscales was evidenced through their association with degree and type of involvement in physical activity.
Ann-Kristin Beyer, Maja Wiest and Susanne Wurm
& Knoll, 2015 ). Recent research emphasizes self-perceptions of aging (SPA) as a promising resource for older adults. More positive SPA have a protective effect on health and are related to more health-promoting behaviors ( Westerhof et al., 2014 ). However, only little is known about how SPA affect