to performance accomplishments. The notion that self-perceptions are integral to understanding perfectionism has a long history. To illustrate, Burns ( 1980 ) defined perfectionism to include not only excessively high standards, but also self-worth evaluated in terms of productivity and
Thomas D. Raedeke, Victoria Blom, and Göran Kenttä
Vaimanino Rogers, Lisa M. Barnett, and Natalie Lander
, & Pellegrini, 2003 ). Physical self-perception is another important correlate of PA behavior ( Raudsepp, Liblik, & Hannus, 2002 ). Physical self-perception plays an important role in motivation and participation in PA ( Bryant, James, Birch, & Duncan, 2014 ; Jaakkola, Sami, Anthony, & Jarmo, 2016 ), and is
Gregory J. Welk, Charles B. Corbin, and Lisa A. Lewis
The Physical Self-Perception Profile (3) assesses perceptions of sport competence, physical conditioning, strength, and body attractiveness. Originally validated with college students, the profile has subsequently been adapted for use with younger children (13) and older adults (2) but not with teenage or athletic populations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the factor validity of the children’s version of the Physical Self-Perception Profile (C-PSPP) for high school athletes (N = 542). The C-PSPP was given to athletes (both boys and girls) from a variety of competitive sports. The internal reliability of the subscales was good for both sexes (alphas = .73 to .83), with the exception of the Sport scale for the males (alpha = .64). A clear four-factor structure was evident, though cross loadings existed for males on the Sport scale. Results indicate that teenage athletes have strong physical self-perceptions compared to other populations, particularly regarding skill performance and conditioning.
Lennart Raudsepp, Kristjan Kais, and Aave Hannus
This study was undertaken to examine the stability of adolescents’ physical self-perceptions across short (4 days) and longer (6 and 12 months) periods of time. Boys and girls (n = 195) from 12 to 13 years of age completed the Children’s Physical Self-Perception Profile for 4 consecutive days; follow-up measurements were performed 6 and 12 months later. Results for the short term revealed relatively high stability of physical self-perceptions for the group, although most individuals showed fluctuations in self-perceptions over the 4 days. As expected, adolescents’ self-perceptions were less stable when follow-up measurements were administered.
Sarah A. Amin, Paula J. Duquesnay, Catherine M. Wright, Kenneth Chui, Christina D. Economos, and Jennifer M. Sacheck
impact these behaviors. Children’s self-perceptions are crucial to the adoption and maintenance of physical activity (PA) behaviors as well as psychological well-being ( 8 , 25 ). One domain of self-perception is perceived athletic competence (PAC), defined as the confidence to perform sports and outdoor
Nadia Cristina Valentini, Glauber Carvalho Nobre, Mariele Santayana de Souza, and Michael J. Duncan
BMI, 1 self-perceptions, 4 motor competence, 5 , 6 and health-related fitness, 7 grounded on conceptual model proposed by Stodden et al. 3 This model posits that in middle and late childhood, motor competence is directly related to PA, which, in turn, influences weight status. 3 Such assertions
Jeffrey Sallen, Christian Andrä, Sebastian Ludyga, Manuel Mücke, and Christian Herrmann
individual’s perception of his or her actual MC. This self-perception of MC may be understood as a latent construct based on subjective self-assessments of single instances of performing specific motor tasks (eg, catching or throwing a ball). It is a result of continually assessing one’s performance in terms
Lisa M. Barnett, David R. Lubans, Anna Timperio, Jo Salmon, and Nicola D. Ridgers
, there is increasing evidence that children’s perception of their physical attributes and abilities is also associated with health outcomes. Self-perception can be divided into the domains of cognitive, social, and physical ( Harter, 1987 ; Shavelson, Hubner, & Stanton, 1976 ). Having a higher physical
James R. Whitehead
This project was a study of the validity and reliability of adapted versions of Fox and Corbin’s (10) Physical Self-Perception Profile (PSPP) and Perceived Importance Profile (PIP) for use with seventh- and eight-grade students. The Children’s PSPP and PIP (C-PSPP and C-PIP) questionnaires were completed by 505 students. Results supported the reliability and the construct and concurrent validity of the C-PSPP scales. Factorial validity of the C-PIP was not demonstrated. Similar to Fox and Corbin’s (10) results, regression analysis revealed that a large proportion of the variance in general physical selfworth (PSW) was explained by the C-PSPP scales. The hypothesis that PSW mediates between general self-worth (GSW) and the four C-PSPP scales in a hierarchical arrangement was also supported. Failure to psychologically discount the importance of perceived incompetence in specific areas impacted global self-worth. Correlations with physical fitness test scores provided evidence of concurrent validity of the C-PSPP scales.
Tamar Semerjian and Dawn Stephens
This study examined the relationships between older women’s comparison styles, physical self-perceptions, and functional fitness. Participants were community-dwelling women (N = 102, age 65-99) living in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States. Individuals were categorized as relying primarily on social comparisons, temporal comparisons, or a combination of both styles. Also of interest was whether individuals evaluated themselves positively or negatively when making comparisons. Participants who evaluated themselves positively as compared with others were found to have higher levels of physical self-perception. Analyses revealed that women who relied primarily on temporal comparisons had higher self-perceptions of their functional ability than those who relied on a combination of comparison styles. An avoidance of both temporal and social comparisons was also related to higher levels of physical self-perception.