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Robert C. Hilliard, Lorenzo A. Redmond, and Jack C. Watson II

identified as a potential barrier. Stigma Stigma has been defined as existing in two forms: public and self-stigma ( Corrigan, 2004 ). Public stigma is an external form of stigma referring to the belief that society deems an individual possessing certain traits or behaviors as socially unacceptable or

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Matthew D. Bird, Graig M. Chow, Gily Meir, and Jaison Freeman

well-being of college athletes. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate stigma and the attitudes that student-athletes hold toward OC and face-to-face counseling (F2F). More specifically, we aimed to identify differences in stigmatization by others, self-stigma, and attitudes toward both

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Matthew D. Bird, Eadie E. Simons, and Patricia C. Jackman

. That is, as an individual recognizes public stigma, they begin to create their own view of others (e.g., personal stigma), which, if internalized, will lead to self-stigma ( Corrigan, Watson, & Barr, 2006 ). Personal stigma toward those with a mental health issue predicts stigma toward seeking mental

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Shelby J. Martin and Timothy Anderson

, coupled with elevated stigma if one is only able to obtain such image through unhealthy weight/shape-control behaviors creates an unwinnable outcome that may deter help-seeking for EP even more. Indeed, self-stigma, as measured by Self-Stigma of Seeking Help Questionnaire was the strongest negative

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Graig M. Chow, Matthew D. Bird, Nicole T. Gabana, Brandon T. Cooper, and Martin A. Swanbrow Becker

others) is an individual’s perception regarding stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination held by the public toward people with mental illness ( Corrigan, 2004 ). Self-stigma reflects the internalization of public stigma by incorporating others’ stereotypes and prejudices about people with mental

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Rachel S. Wahto, Joshua K. Swift, and Jason L. Whipple

The purposes of this study were to (a) examine the relationships between public stigma, self-stigma, and mental health help-seeking attitudes in college studentathletes, and (b) test whether referral source would have an impact on student-athletes’ willingness to seek mental health help. Participating college student-athletes (n = 43) completed an online survey including measures of stigma (public and self), attitudes, and willingness to seek mental health help. The results indicated that public stigma and self-stigma predicted a significant proportion of variance in attitudes (66%) above and beyond gender and treatment-use history. In addition, student-athletes were more willing to seek help when referred by a family member compared with a coach (d = 0.89), a teammate (d = 1.05), or oneself (d = 1.28). The results have important implications for helping student-athletes seek mental health help when there is a need.

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Jonathan Magee, Ramón Spaaij, and Ruth Jeanes

This paper builds on the concept of mental health recovery to critically examine three football projects in the United Kingdom and their effects on the recovery process. Drawing on qualitative research on the lived experiences of mental health clients and service providers across the three projects, we explore the role of football in relation to three components of recovery: engagement, stigma, and social isolation. The findings indicate how the projects facilitated increased client engagement, peer supports, and the transformation of self-stigma. The perception of football as an alternative setting away from the clinical environment was an important factor in this regard. Yet, the results also reveal major limitations, including the narrow, individualistic conceptualization of both recovery and stigma within the projects, the reliance on a biomedical model of mental illness, and the potentially adverse consequences of using football in mental health interventions.

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Nathan A. Reis, Kent C. Kowalski, Amber D. Mosewich, and Leah J. Ferguson

promising findings in studies with these samples of men suggest that self-compassion is negatively related to a variety of destructive emotions and behaviors, including shame, self-stigma to help-seeking, and rumination, whereas it is positively related to self-esteem ( Reid, Temko, Moghaddam, & Fong, 2014

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Alexis Peters, Julliana Tapia, and Stephanie H. Clines

health. Survey questions were adapted from Eisenberg and Lipson 28 (as cited in Kern at al. 11 ) and the Adolescent Depression Knowledge Questionnaire MHLS, Depression Stigma Scale, Self-Stigma of Seeking Help Scale, Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale—Short Form, and

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Lewis King, SarahJane Cullen, Jean McArdle, Adrian McGoldrick, Jennifer Pugh, Giles Warrington, and Ciara Losty

-order theme of stigma. Jockeys reported descriptions that aligned to both public perceived stigma and self-stigma. The findings corroborate previous research reporting stigma as one of the key barriers to help-seeking among general and athlete populations ( Bird et al., 2018 ; Clement et al., 2015