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Robert C. Hilliard, Lorenzo A. Redmond, and Jack C. Watson II

identified as a potential barrier. Stigma Stigma has been defined as existing in two forms: public and self-stigma ( Corrigan, 2004 ). Public stigma is an external form of stigma referring to the belief that society deems an individual possessing certain traits or behaviors as socially unacceptable or

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Matthew D. Bird, Graig M. Chow, Gily Meir, and Jaison Freeman

well-being of college athletes. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate stigma and the attitudes that student-athletes hold toward OC and face-to-face counseling (F2F). More specifically, we aimed to identify differences in stigmatization by others, self-stigma, and attitudes toward both

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Matthew D. Bird, Eadie E. Simons, and Patricia C. Jackman

. That is, as an individual recognizes public stigma, they begin to create their own view of others (e.g., personal stigma), which, if internalized, will lead to self-stigma ( Corrigan, Watson, & Barr, 2006 ). Personal stigma toward those with a mental health issue predicts stigma toward seeking mental

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Shelby J. Martin and Timothy Anderson

, coupled with elevated stigma if one is only able to obtain such image through unhealthy weight/shape-control behaviors creates an unwinnable outcome that may deter help-seeking for EP even more. Indeed, self-stigma, as measured by Self-Stigma of Seeking Help Questionnaire was the strongest negative

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Graig M. Chow, Matthew D. Bird, Nicole T. Gabana, Brandon T. Cooper, and Martin A. Swanbrow Becker

others) is an individual’s perception regarding stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination held by the public toward people with mental illness ( Corrigan, 2004 ). Self-stigma reflects the internalization of public stigma by incorporating others’ stereotypes and prejudices about people with mental

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Rachel S. Wahto, Joshua K. Swift, and Jason L. Whipple

The purposes of this study were to (a) examine the relationships between public stigma, self-stigma, and mental health help-seeking attitudes in college studentathletes, and (b) test whether referral source would have an impact on student-athletes’ willingness to seek mental health help. Participating college student-athletes (n = 43) completed an online survey including measures of stigma (public and self), attitudes, and willingness to seek mental health help. The results indicated that public stigma and self-stigma predicted a significant proportion of variance in attitudes (66%) above and beyond gender and treatment-use history. In addition, student-athletes were more willing to seek help when referred by a family member compared with a coach (d = 0.89), a teammate (d = 1.05), or oneself (d = 1.28). The results have important implications for helping student-athletes seek mental health help when there is a need.

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Jonathan Magee, Ramón Spaaij, and Ruth Jeanes

This paper builds on the concept of mental health recovery to critically examine three football projects in the United Kingdom and their effects on the recovery process. Drawing on qualitative research on the lived experiences of mental health clients and service providers across the three projects, we explore the role of football in relation to three components of recovery: engagement, stigma, and social isolation. The findings indicate how the projects facilitated increased client engagement, peer supports, and the transformation of self-stigma. The perception of football as an alternative setting away from the clinical environment was an important factor in this regard. Yet, the results also reveal major limitations, including the narrow, individualistic conceptualization of both recovery and stigma within the projects, the reliance on a biomedical model of mental illness, and the potentially adverse consequences of using football in mental health interventions.

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Nathan A. Reis, Kent C. Kowalski, Amber D. Mosewich, and Leah J. Ferguson

promising findings in studies with these samples of men suggest that self-compassion is negatively related to a variety of destructive emotions and behaviors, including shame, self-stigma to help-seeking, and rumination, whereas it is positively related to self-esteem ( Reid, Temko, Moghaddam, & Fong, 2014

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George B. Cunningham, Erin Buzuvis, and Chris Mosier

stigma consciousness was reliably associated with avoidance behaviors. Self-stigma is also relevant among transgender athletes, as they are aware of the stereotypes and various forms of discrimination aimed at them (see Caudwell, 2014 ; Jones, Arcelus, Bouman, & Haycraft, 2017 ). As a result, some

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Tom Webb, Paul Gorczynski, Shakiba Oftadeh-Moghadam, and Laura Grubb

well as interventions to address poor mental health; (b) strategies to address stigma, be it public or self-stigma; and (c) intentions to seek support ( Gorczynski et al., 2019 ). Recent mental health literature in sport has shown that mental health literacy plays an important role in helping