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Robert C. Hilliard, Lorenzo A. Redmond and Jack C. Watson II

identified as a potential barrier. Stigma Stigma has been defined as existing in two forms: public and self-stigma ( Corrigan, 2004 ). Public stigma is an external form of stigma referring to the belief that society deems an individual possessing certain traits or behaviors as socially unacceptable or

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Matthew D. Bird, Graig M. Chow, Gily Meir and Jaison Freeman

well-being of college athletes. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate stigma and the attitudes that student-athletes hold toward OC and face-to-face counseling (F2F). More specifically, we aimed to identify differences in stigmatization by others, self-stigma, and attitudes toward both

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Shelby J. Martin and Timothy Anderson

, coupled with elevated stigma if one is only able to obtain such image through unhealthy weight/shape-control behaviors creates an unwinnable outcome that may deter help-seeking for EP even more. Indeed, self-stigma, as measured by Self-Stigma of Seeking Help Questionnaire was the strongest negative

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Rachel S. Wahto, Joshua K. Swift and Jason L. Whipple

The purposes of this study were to (a) examine the relationships between public stigma, self-stigma, and mental health help-seeking attitudes in college studentathletes, and (b) test whether referral source would have an impact on student-athletes’ willingness to seek mental health help. Participating college student-athletes (n = 43) completed an online survey including measures of stigma (public and self), attitudes, and willingness to seek mental health help. The results indicated that public stigma and self-stigma predicted a significant proportion of variance in attitudes (66%) above and beyond gender and treatment-use history. In addition, student-athletes were more willing to seek help when referred by a family member compared with a coach (d = 0.89), a teammate (d = 1.05), or oneself (d = 1.28). The results have important implications for helping student-athletes seek mental health help when there is a need.

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Jonathan Magee, Ramón Spaaij and Ruth Jeanes

This paper builds on the concept of mental health recovery to critically examine three football projects in the United Kingdom and their effects on the recovery process. Drawing on qualitative research on the lived experiences of mental health clients and service providers across the three projects, we explore the role of football in relation to three components of recovery: engagement, stigma, and social isolation. The findings indicate how the projects facilitated increased client engagement, peer supports, and the transformation of self-stigma. The perception of football as an alternative setting away from the clinical environment was an important factor in this regard. Yet, the results also reveal major limitations, including the narrow, individualistic conceptualization of both recovery and stigma within the projects, the reliance on a biomedical model of mental illness, and the potentially adverse consequences of using football in mental health interventions.

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George B. Cunningham, Erin Buzuvis and Chris Mosier

stigma consciousness was reliably associated with avoidance behaviors. Self-stigma is also relevant among transgender athletes, as they are aware of the stereotypes and various forms of discrimination aimed at them (see Caudwell, 2014 ; Jones, Arcelus, Bouman, & Haycraft, 2017 ). As a result, some

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Fallon R. Mitchell, Sara Santarossa and Sarah J. Woodruff

, S.B. , Sheffield , J. , & Touyz , S. ( 2015 ). Self-stigma of seeking treatment and being male predict an increased likelihood of having an undiagnosed eating disorder . International Journal of Eating Disorders, 48 ( 6 ), 775 – 778 . doi:10.1002/eat.22413 10.1002/eat.22413 Griffiths , S

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Emily Kroshus, Sara P.D. Chrisman, David Coppel and Stanley Herring

10.1037/a0024919 Vogel , D.L. , Heimerdinger-Edwards , S.R. , Hammer , J.H. , & Hubbard , A. ( 2011 ). “Boys don’t cry”: Examination of the links between endorsement of masculine norms, self-stigma, and help-seeking attitudes for men from diverse backgrounds . Journal of Counseling

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Emily Kroshus, Sara P.D. Chrisman, Jeffrey J. Milroy and Christine M. Baugh

, 279 – 287 . PubMed ID: 24195017 doi: 10.1212/CPJ.0b013e3182a1ba22 Vogel , D.L. , Heimerdinger-Edwards , S.R. , Hammer , J.H. , & Hubbard , A. ( 2011 ). “Boys don’t cry”: Examination of the links between endorsement of masculine norms, self-stigma, and help-seeking attitudes for men from

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Bobbi-Jo Atchison and Donna L. Goodwin

experiences are representative of seven mothers and one father. References Ali , A. , Hassiotis , A. , Strydom , A. , & King , M. ( 2012 ). Self stigma in people with intellectual disabilities and courtesy stigma in family carers: A systematic review . Research in Developmental Disabilities, 33