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Byron Lai, Eunbi Lee, Mayumi Wagatsuma, Georgia Frey, Heidi Stanish, Taeyou Jung, and James H. Rimmer

Physical activity programming for children and youth with physical, developmental, or sensory disabilities is an important responsibility and challenge for experts in adapted physical activity or education, pediatric rehabilitation, and public health ( Rimmer & Rowland, 2008 ). The childhood and

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Patricia E. Longmuir and Oded Bar-Or

This study examined gender, disability type, age, and specific diagnostic category in relation to habitual physical activity levels (HPA), perceived fitness (PF), and perceived participation limitations (PPL) of youths, ages 6 to 20 years, in Ontario, Canada. Data collected through a mailed survey (Longmuir & Bar-Or, 1994) were reanalyzed using ANOVA and chi square statistics to provide new information. The 458 girls and 499 boys were classified by disability type: physical, chronic medical, visual, and hearing. Significant differences (p < .01) were between (a) HPA and disability type, specific diagnostic category, and age; (b) PF and disability type; and (c) PPL and disability type. Gender did not influence the results. Youths with cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, and visual impairment had the most sedentary lifestyles.

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Ian Stafford

The 1981 Education Act implies that, in England, provided certain conditions are satisfied, schoolchildren with special needs should be taught in an integrated setting (Advisory Centre for Education, 1981). In 1982 the English Sports Council set up national demonstration projects to promote mass participation in sport throughout all sections of the community. Every Body Active (E.B.A.) is such a project, based at Sunderland Polytechnic, and it focuses on the participation and integration of young people (11–24 years) with physical or sensory disabilities in community sport and recreation and school physical education. The project is divided into two phases. The research phase, initiated in January 1987, ran for a period of 15 months during which data were collected in order to establish needs. Subsequently several schemes were established to be undertaken in the implementation phase, initiated in April 1988. The focus of this paper is the physical education scheme and the research findings that preceded its formation. On the basis of the research phase, a physical education scheme has been implemented that focuses on a special school for pupils with physical disabilities, its physical education program, and links with mainstream schools and external community sport and recreation agencies.

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Justin A. Haegele and T. Nicole Kirk

impairments tend to be less physically active than their sighted peers ( Haegele & Porretta, 2015 ) as well as peers with other physical and sensory disabilities ( Longmuir & Bar-Or, 2000 ). Researchers have identified several barriers that can limit active participation in physical activities, including in

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Rosanna Gilderthorp, Jan Burns, and Fergal Jones

. Therefore, it was hypothesized that a total physical/sensory disability score would be a significant predictor of athletic performance, while IQ was not expected to directly predict performance. To ensure that this approach adequately distinguished between diagnosis and functional ability, the third

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Paul E. Yeatts, Ronald Davis, Jun Oh, and Gwang-Yon Hwang

soldiers reintegrate to their home life and communities ( Gold & Gold, 2007 ). His work laid the foundation for the Paralympics, a global competition for people with physical and sensory disabilities. These competitions, grounded in physical activity, may have served to enhance the physical, psychological

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Ilona I. McMullan, Brendan P. Bunting, Lee Smith, Ai Koyanagi, and Mark A. Tully

:10.1093/ije/dyr116 10.1093/ije/dyr116 Longmuir , P.E. , & Bar-Or , O. ( 2000 ). Factors influencing the physical activity levels of youths with sensory disabilities . Adaptive Physical Activity Quarterly, 17, 40 – 53 . doi:10.1123/apaq.17.1.40 10.1123/apaq.17.1.40 Murphy , S.L. ( 2009

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Janet A. Lawson, Jennifer Turnnidge, and Amy E. Latimer-Cheung

. See Table  2 for details); (b) be specific to coaching athletes with a physical, intellectual, or sensory disability; (c) be developed specifically for coaches, recreation program leaders, physical education teachers, or others (i.e., parents) who may lead and coach sport programs for athletes with

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Samantha M. Ross, Ellen Smit, Joonkoo Yun, Kathleen Bogart, Bridget Hatfield, and Samuel W. Logan

adolescents, separately) with and without disabilities, and among children within disability type subgroups (cognitive, mobility, function, and sensory disabilities) and adjusted for child’s sex, body mass index (adolescents only), and household language and highest education level. The sample was restricted

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Pierre Lepage, Gordon A. Bloom, and William R. Falcão

Psychologist, 21, 191 – 209 . doi:10.1123/tsp.21.2.191 10.1123/tsp.21.2.191 Longmuir , P.E. , & Bar-Or , O. ( 2000 ). Factors influencing the physical activity level of youths with physical and sensory disabilities . Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 17