world started to share stories of sexual harassment and abuse (SHA). Also in the field sport, silenced voices came forward. The 59-year-old Nicola Werdernigg, former Austrian national downhill champion, publicly disclosed that while attending a ski academy run, she had been raped ( Fry, 2018 ). Based on
Kristine Bisgaard and Jan Toftegaard Støckel
Anne C. Russ, Dani M. Moffit and Jamie L. Mansell
Sexual harassment is a sensitive and pervasive topic in higher education. Programs and institutions have the responsibility to protect the students from sexual harassment under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (United States Department of Education Office of Civil Rights, 2011). While much attention has been focused toward on-campus interactions (i.e., professor/student, student/student), many students participate in off-campus fieldwork and internships associated with coursework, where the students are still protected under Title IX. The purpose of this discussion is to define sexual harassment, summarize research regarding sexual harassment in a fieldwork setting, consider how sexual harassment affects students, and identify resources to help programs identify and respond to sexual harassment.
Michael A. Odio, Patty Raube Keller and Dana Drew Shaw
physical assault, they do not qualify for federal employee protections such as those provided by Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 against sexual harassment in the workplace ( Hickman & Thompson, 2013 ; Schoepfer & Dodds, 2010 ). In many cases, students’ degree progress and professional reputation
Elizabeth A. Taylor, Gareth J. Jones, Kristy McCray and Robin Hardin
dynamics are also evident in the culture of sport organizations ( Harkins & Dixon, 2010 ). Due to the masculine culture surrounding sport and the nature in which boys and men are taught to act in sport-related contexts (e.g., aggressive, dominant), issues of sexual harassment and sexual assault are
Elizabeth A. Taylor, Allison B. Smith, Natalie M. Welch and Robin Hardin
hegemonic group (i.e., men) which triggers higher rates of harassment-type behaviors ( Bergman & Henning, 2008 ). Thus, the sport management academic field is ripe for issues of sexism and sexual harassment. The purpose of the current study was to examine the prevalence and forms of sexual harassment and
John T. Wolohan and Sharon Mathes
With the increased attention on the issue of sexual harassment in our society, coaches and athletic administrators need to take a more proactive role in eliminating sexual harassment in the locker room. Although in sport, sexual harassment lawsuits have been rare, the number of reported cases of sexual harassment and misconduct among athletic coaches are on the rise. This article examines what constitutes sexual harassment in sport and what behavior of coaches may now be the bases of a lawsuit. The scope of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, and its relevance to charges of sexual harassment in educational institutions will also be discussed. Next, the article reviews the evolution of sexual harassment case law as demonstrated by two cases. Finally, guidelines for avoiding sexual harassment will be reviewed.
Justine J. Reel and Emily Crouch
, several of us entertained the possibility of underscoring the importance of the #MeToo movement by developing a call for papers to produce a special issue around sexual harassment in sport for the journal. To my knowledge, our journal has rarely (possibly never) published on this important topic. For me
Paul M. Pedersen, Choong Hoon Lim, Barbara Osborne and Warren Whisenant
While the impact of sexual harassment in the workplace has been well documented, little sexual harassment research has been conducted focusing on the women who work in the sport industry. This study explored the extent to which female sport print media professionals (i.e., sports editors, sportswriters, sports columnists) were subjected to sexually harassing behaviors in the workplace. Of the women who participated in the study (N = 112), over half of the participants indicated that they had encountered some form of sexual harassment over the 12 months before participating in the study. The perpetrators included their immediate supervisors, coworkers, members of the sport media, athletes, and employees of sport organizations. The study also identified the forms of sexual harassment encountered and attitudes toward harassment in the workplace. Suggestions on how to prevent harassment toward women in the sport industry are discussed.
Kari Fasting, Celia Brackenridge and Nada Knorre
This article investigates whether there is a relationship between the sport performance level of female athletes inside the sport (at clubs, competitions, or training events) and outside sport (in family or community settings) and the likelihood that they will be victims of sexual harassment. The study sample consisted of 595 women from the Czech Republic and was divided into three performance groups: elite, non-elite/competing, and exercisers. No significant differences were found between the groups in relation to overall cases of sexual harassment, but when their experiences of sexual harassment inside and outside sport were examined, the picture changed. The chances of being harassed by someone in sport increased with performance level, from 29.7% among the exercisers to 55.2% among the elite-level athletes. However, the highest proportion of women experiencing sexual harassment was seen in the group of the exercises outside of sport (73%). This article discusses the prevalence of sexual harassment in relation to the gender order in Czech society.
This investigation of sexual harassment in university sport begins by developing a theoretical framework based on feminist analyses of male violence, and examining the links between violence and the ideology of male sport. The organization of sport and physical education in Canadian universities is then described, and university women’s experiences of male violence in sport-related contexts is investigated, with particular reference to the issues of power relations in coaching and control of women’s bodies. Relevant findings from a preliminary survey of women’s experiences of sexual harassment in sport contexts are presented throughout the discussion, and recommendations are developed.