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Paul Bernard Rukavina

The deleterious effects of weight bias in physical activity spaces for children, adolescents, and adults are well documented. Different types of weight bias occur, and they interact at multiple levels within a person’s ecology, from the messaging of often unattainable sociocultural thin/muscular ideals and physical inequities (e.g., equipment not appropriate for body shapes and sizes) to interpersonal and public discriminatory comments. However, the most damaging is the internalization and application of negative weight-bias stereotypes by those with overweight and obesity to themselves. An imperative for social justice is now; there is great need to advocate for, provide support for, and design inclusive physical activity spaces to reduce weight bias so that all individuals feel welcome, accept their bodies, and are empowered to live a healthy, active lifestyle. To make this a reality, an interdisciplinary and preventive approach is needed to understand bias and how to minimize it in our spaces.

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Erik A. Wikstrom, Kyeongtak Song, Kimmery Migel, and Chris J. Hass

/or refute our hypothesis testing, between-group effect sizes (bias corrected Hedges’ g ) and 95% confidence intervals were also calculated. Effect sizes were interpreted as weak (≤ 0.40), moderate (0.41–0.69), or strong (≥ 0.70). 28 Results Group means, standard deviations, effect sizes, and 95% confidence

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Hayley E. Christian, Leanne Lester, Mohamed K. Al Marzooqi, Stewart G. Trost, and Alana Papageorgiou

social emotional development) and language. 16 – 18 Mixed findings have been reported for preschoolers’ psychosocial health outcomes including social and emotional skills, with positive, negative, and null associations found depending on study design; sample size; bias risk; and PA duration, intensity