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Akio Kubota, Alison Carver and Takemi Sugiyama

activity among older adults in Germany ( Herbolsheimer, Mosler, & Peter, 2016 ). Another social aspect that may be relevant to older adults’ physical activity is social engagement. Social engagement may include taking part in events, meetings, and activities within a local community. It can be argued that

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Jing Liao, Sanmei Chen, Sha Chen and Yung-Jen Yang

together; and social engagement, in terms of the type (i.e., visiting friends, board games, Mahjong, etc.; club activities, volunteering; or educational courses) and frequency (i.e., almost daily, at least once per week, at least once per month, several times per year) of social activity they engaged in

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David Russell and Jo-Ana D. Chase

social context in SB, including sociodemographic characteristics and level of social engagement. Sociodemographic characteristics such as age, race/ethnicity, educational attainment, and living arrangements have been related to SB in prior studies ( Meneguci et al., 2015 ; Wilcox, Castro, King

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Melissa E. Hay and Denise M. Connelly

involvement in the act of exercising. The essence of embodied relief from pain offered by exercise was considered in light of six themes: enjoying exercise experiences, social engagement, gratitude, learned latitudes, maintaining mobility, and aging (Figure  1 ). In keeping with a hermeneutic phenomenological

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Annette J. Raynor, Fiona Iredale, Robert Crowther, Jane White and Julie Dare

analysis of the interviews identified six themes related to perceived benefits and challenges: an individual, person-centered approach; enjoyment, social engagement, and mood; personal connections; independence; made my job easier; and value adding through discipline-specific expertise. Throughout the

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Mark A. Tully, Ilona I. McMullan, Nicole E. Blackburn, Jason J. Wilson, Laura Coll-Planas, Manuela Deidda, Paolo Caserotti, Dietrich Rothenbacher and on behalf of the SITLESS group

those in senior centers and considered SB as well as PA, using objective measures that provide a more accurate summary of PA level and intensity. Based on these premises, this study aimed to bring new insights into the understanding of the association between PA and loneliness and social engagement in

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Cheryl A. Howe, Kimberly A. Clevenger, Danielle McElhiney, Camille Mihalic and Moira A. Ragan

perceived state PA enjoyment across the 4 different PA constructs (attraction, preference, environment, and social engagement). Research staff read the standardized text for each construct aloud to the children, who were asked to answer each question by pointing to a single facial expression with a

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Suresh Joshi, Santosh Jatrana and Yin Paradies

Background:

We investigated the differences and over time changes in recommended physical activity among foreign-born (FB) from English speaking countries (ESC) and non-English speaking countries (NESC) relative to native-born (NB) Australians, and whether the association between nativity and duration of residence (DoR) and physical activity is mediated by English language proficiency, socioeconomic status and social engagement/membership.

Methods:

This study applies multilevel group-meancentered mixed (hybrid) logistic regression models to 12 waves of longitudinal data (12,634 individuals) from the Household, Income and Labor Dynamics in Australia survey with engagement in physical activities for more than 3 times a week as the outcome variable.

Results:

Immigrants from ESC had higher odds of physical activity, while immigrants from NESC had significantly lower odds of physical activity than NB Australians, after adjusting for covariates. There was no evidence that these differences changed by DoR among immigrants from NESC, whereas ESC immigrants had higher odds of physical activity when their DoR was more than 20 years. We also found a mediating role of English language proficiency on immigrants physical activities.

Conclusion:

Appropriate health promotion interventions should be implemented to foster physical activities among NESC immigrants, considering English language proficiency as an important factor in designing interventions.

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Amy Whitehead, Kanayo Umeh, Barbara Walsh, Eleanor Whittaker and Colum Cronin

Background: Back to Netball (B2N) is a United Kingdom female national sports program that has been found to engage a large number of females in the sport netball. This study sought to understand the participant motives for engaging in this program. Methods: Qualitative methods were used following an initial quantitative survey, which was part of a wider project (outside of this manuscript). Survey participants were comprised of 374 females aged 16–68 years. Participants completed an online survey to capture demographic data. Interviews were conducted with 28 participants either still engaged or no longer engaged in B2N. Analysis involved both inductive and deductive thematic analysis to explore participant perceptions of their coach. Results: Initial motives for engagement were focused on physical health motives and social motives. The coach was also found to be important in providing opportunities for competence development. Therefore, competence development was found to be an important factor for engagement. Participant motivations moved from an extrinsic concern with losing weight to a more intrinsic foci including socializing opportunities and feelings of competence. Conclusions: As a team sport B2N stimulates social engagement, competence, and other motives. Coaching is also a key facilitator for engagement in B2N. This research has implications for future practitioners and policy makers aiming to engage women in sport and physical activity.

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Katie Misener and Alison Doherty

As a pivotal part of the nonprofit and voluntary sector, community sport organizations provide opportunities for active participation, social engagement, and community cohesion. This study examined the nature and impact of organizational capacity in one nonprofit community sport club to identify factors that affect the ability of this organization to fulfill its mandate and provide sport opportunities in the community. Hall et al.’s (2003) multidimensional framework of human resources, financial, relationships/ networks, infrastructure and process, and planning and development capacity was used. The study incorporated interviews with board members and coaches as well as active-member researcher observations (Adler & Adler, 1987). Key strengths and challenges of each capacity dimension were uncovered, and connections among the dimensions were revealed. The relatively greater importance of human resources and planning and development capacity for goal achievement was identified. The findings support the use of a multidimensional approach for generating a comprehensive understanding of organizational capacity in community sport, and for identifying where and how capacity may be enhanced.