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Diane L. Gill

social psychology and physical activity) really took off when I entered graduate school at the University of Illinois in the early 1970s, although we had no specializations then. As I moved into my first faculty positions at the Universities of Waterloo and Iowa, research expanded, and in later 1980s

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Jeffrey J. Martin

The purpose of this brief commentary is to correct some misinformation that appears in many sport psychology writings. As the title of this paper indicates, I discuss two historical giants in social psychology, Norman Triplett and Kurt Lewin, who are often cited in sport psychology publications

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Ketra L. Armstrong

Black consumers' general sport attendance is relatively poor; however, their attendance at historically Black college/university (HBCU) sport events is noteworthy. The purpose of this study was to examine how factors such as general perception of sport, psychosocial involvement with HBCU sports, and intensity of ethnic identification influenced Black consumers' (n = 278) attendance at HBCU sports and their general/non-HBCU sport consumption patterns. Descriptive statistics revealed that the respondents attended HBCU sports more frequently than they did any other type of sport events and were also avid consumers of televised sports. Multivariate multiple regression analyses revealed that intensity of ethnic identification and psychosocial involvement with HBCU sports significantly influenced HBCU sports attendance frequency. Moreover, psychosocial involvement with HBCU sports exerted a profound and positive influence on general sport consumption. This study offered an examination of the social psychology that may under gird Blacks' consumption of sport.

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Mark Uphill

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Robert J. Rotella and Douglas S. Newburg

Some athletes who are benched may experience identity crises, the impact of which may be long-lasting and far-reaching for them. Case-study interviews with three athletes who have experienced such crises are presented. The similarities in the case studies suggest that the bench/identity crisis may be a relatively common phenomenon. Suggestions are offered for athletes, coaches, and sport psychology consultants to help respond to such experiences effectively.

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Deidre Connelly and Robert J. Rotella

This paper describes issues and strategies related to teaching social assertiveness skills to athletes. Social assertiveness is examined as a key ingredient for effective communication and athlete satisfaction. Communication difficulties and issues frequently encountered in working with athletes, relevant to assertiveness skills, are discussed along with examination of team member issues that athletes must confront in order to function effectively in assertiveness situations. Specific strategies for teaching assertiveness skills to groups and individuals are presented and include applications to various sport settings.

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Ben Larkin and Janet S. Fink

– 28 . doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2012.00779.x Golec de Zavala , A.G. , Cichocka , A. , Eidelson , R. , & Jayawickreme , N. ( 2009 ). Collective narcissism and its social consequences . Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97 , 1074 – 1096 . doi: 10.1037/a0016904 Golec de Zavala

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Thelma S. Horn

kindergarten sport . Sociology of Sport Journal, 13 , 87 – 93 . doi:10.1123/ssj.13.1.87 10.1123/ssj.13.1.87 Levy , S.R. , Stroessner , S.J. , & Dweck , C.S. ( 1998 ). Stereotype formation and endorsement: The role of implicit theories . Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74 , 1421

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Shuge Zhang, Ross Roberts, Tim Woodman, and Andrew Cooke

, 62 ( 1 ), 143 – 155 . doi:10.1111/1467-6494.ep9406221282 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1994.tb00798.x Gebauer , J.E. , Sedikides , C. , Verplanken , B. , & Maio , G.R. ( 2012 ). Communal narcissism . Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103 ( 5 ), 854 – 878 . PubMed ID: 22889074 doi:10

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Lawrence R. Brawley and Kathleen A. Martin

Over the past three decades, an interface has developed between sport and social psychology, characterized primarily by commonly utilized concepts and theories. The list of social psychological benefits to sport psychology is lengthy and includes theory, hypotheses, research paradigms, general independent and dependent variables, methods, and measures. In this paper, the following areas of sport research are used to illustrate the interface between sport and social psychology: (a) social facilitation and cohesion as two social influence phenomena, (b) anxiety and goal orientations as personality moderators of social behavior, and (c) self-efficacy beliefs and attitudes as social cognitions relevant to motivated behavior. Each of these areas are discussed in terms of social psychology’s impact on its development as a line of research in sport and in terms of the recent contributions each has made in return to social psychology. The general nature of the interface of social and sport psychology is also discussed.