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André Luiz Galvim, Isabela Martins Oliveira, Tatiane Vieira Martins, Leonardo Moreira Vieira, Natália Caroline Cerri, Natália Oiring de Castro Cezar, Renata Valle Pedroso and Grace Angélica de Oliveira Gomes

that aim to promote health through PA is essential to changing the lifestyle of a society in different cultural, geographic, social, and economic contexts, mainly in cases in which access to this type of activity is limited. 5 , 6 In situations of high social vulnerability, district dwellers deserve

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Jennifer L. Gay, Sara W. Robb, Kelsey M. Benson and Alice White

Background:

The Social Vulnerability Index (SVI), a publicly available dataset, is used in emergency preparedness to identify communities in greatest need of resources. The SVI includes multiple socioeconomic, demographic, and geographic indicators that also are associated with physical fitness and physical activity. This study examined the utility of using the SVI to explain variation in youth fitness, including aerobic capacity and body mass index.

Methods:

FITNESSGRAM data from 2,126 Georgia schools were matched at the census tract level with SVI themes of socioeconomic, household composition, minority status and language, and housing and transportation. Multivariate multiple regression models were used to test whether SVI factors explained fitness outcomes, controlling for grade level (ie, elementary, middle, high school) and stratified by gender.

Results:

SVI themes explained the most variation in aerobic fitness and body mass index for both boys and girls (R 2 values 11.5% to 26.6%). Socioeconomic, Minority Status and Language, and Housing and Transportation themes were salient predictors of fitness outcomes.

Conclusions:

Youth fitness in Georgia was related to socioeconomic, demographic, and geographic themes. The SVI may be a useful needs assessment tool for health officials and researchers examining multilevel influences on health behaviors or identifying communities for prevention efforts.

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Valter C. Barbosa Filho, Kelly Samara da Silva, Jorge Mota, Carmem Beck and Adair da Silva Lopes

Background:

Promoting physical activity (PA) in low- and middle-income countries is an important public health topic as well as a challenge for practice. This study aimed to assess the effect of a school-based intervention on different PA-related variables among students.

Methods:

This cluster-randomized-controlled trial included 548 students in the intervention group and 537 in the control group (11–18 years-old) from 6 schools in neighborhoods with low Human Development Index (0.170–0.491) in Fortaleza, Brazil. The intervention included strategies focused on training teachers, opportunities for PA in the school environment and health education. Variables measured at baseline and again at the 4-months follow-up included the weekly time in different types of moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA), preference for PA during leisure-time, PA behavioral change stage and active commuting to school. Generalized linear models and binary logistic regressions were used.

Results:

An intervention effect was found by increasing the weekly time in MVPA (effect size = 0.17), popular games (effect size = 0.35), and the amount of PA per week (effect size = 0.27) among students (all P < .05).

Conclusions:

The intervention was effective in promoting improvements in some PA outcomes, but the changes were not sufficient to increase the proportion of those meeting PA recommendations.

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Tudor-Locke * Neil M. Johannsen * 16 2 141 148 10.1123/jpah.2017-0675 jpah.2017-0675 Adherence, Adhesion, and Dropout Reasons of a Physical Activity Program in a High Social Vulnerability Context André Luiz Galvim * Isabela Martins Oliveira * Tatiane Vieira Martins * Leonardo Moreira Vieira

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13 13 2 2 Original Research Can the Social Vulnerability Index Be Used for More Than Emergency Preparedness? An Examination Using Youth Physical Fitness Data Jennifer L. Gay * Sara W. Robb * Kelsey M. Benson * Alice White * 2 2016 13 13 2 2 121 121 130 130 10.1123/jpah.2015-0042 An 8-Week

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Dawn Anderson-Butcher

case here focus primarily on social- and/or life-skills development). Another term used to describe these approaches to social- and/or life-skill development is sport-based PYD, especially when programs target socially vulnerable youth ( Hermens, Super, Verkooijen, & Koelen, 2017 ; Jones, Edwards

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Carla Luguetti, Kimberly L. Oliver and Melissa Parker

work and the general design of the study. An Activist Sport Approach In this study, we implemented an activist sport approach that has been developed over the last 7 years with and for youth from socially vulnerable backgrounds (Authors, 2015, 2016, 2017a). The approach was designed as a means of

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Morgan N. Clennin and Russell R. Pate

.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.105.542845 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.105.542845 30. Gay JL , Robb SW , Benson KM , White A . Can the social vulnerability index be used for more than emergency preparedness? An examination using youth physical fitness data . J Phys Act Health . 2016 ; 13 ( 2 ): 121 – 130 . PubMed ID

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Mariana Luciano de Almeida, Francine Golghetto Casemiro, Camila Tiome Baba, Diana Monteiro, Mariana Fornazieri, Natália Cerri, Daniele Frascá Martins Fernandes and Grace Angélica de Oliveira Gomes

Public Health . 2016 ; 16 : 190 . PubMed doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-2866-7 6. Herens M , Bakker EJ , van Ophem J , Wagemaker A , Koelen M . Health-related quality of life, self-efficacy and enjoyment keep the socially vulnerable physically active in community-based physical activity

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Fernando Segura Millan Trejo, Mark Norman and Chirstophe Jaccoud

sports, recreation and artistic spaces for socially vulnerable youth ( Fude, 2012 ). These initiatives gave rise to the systematic use of the Football-3-Halves (F3H; also called Football3) methodology and the ulterior birth of SFW, which was officially founded in 2002 ( Streetfootballworld, 2014