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Media Portrayals of Athlete-Perpetrated Intimate Partner Violence: An Examination of the Social Ecological Model, Race, and Communication Perceptions

Jennifer A. Scarduzio, Christina S. Walker, Nicky Lewis, and Anthony M. Limperos

. For practitioners, the findings illustrate that journalists need to employ thematic framing—presenting all of the factors that occur surrounding the violence, rather than just describing the incident in an episodic manner. Theoretically, we used the social ecological model (SEM) to qualitatively

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A Qualitative Exploration of the “Critical Window”: Factors Affecting Australian Children’s After-School Physical Activity

Rebecca Megan Stanley, Kobie Boshoff, and James Dollman


The after-school period is potentially a “critical window” for promoting physical activity in children. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively explore children’s perceptions of the factors influencing their engagement in physical activity during the after-school period as the first phase in the development of a questionnaire.


Fifty-four South Australian children age 10−13 years participated in same gender focus groups. Transcripts, field notes, and activity documents were analyzed using content analysis. Through an inductive thematic approach, data were coded and categorized into perceived barriers and facilitators according to a social ecological model.


Children identified a number of factors, including safety in the neighborhood and home settings, distance to and from places, weather, availability of time, perceived competence, enjoyment of physical activity, peer influence, and parent influence. New insights into bullying and teasing by peers and fear of dangerous animals and objects were revealed by the children.


In this study, hearing children’s voices allowed the emergence of factors which may not be exposed using existing surveys. These findings are grounded in children’s perceptions and therefore serve as a valuable contribution to the existing literature, potentially leading to improved intervention and questionnaire design.

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Physical Activity and Children in Care: A Scoping Review of Barriers, Facilitators, and Policy for Disadvantaged Youth

Thomas Quarmby and Katie Pickering


It is argued that regular engagement in physical activity (PA) has the potential to mitigate the negative health and educational outcomes that disadvantaged children living in care frequently face. However, little is currently known about children in care’s participation in PA. This scoping review primarily aimed to identify barriers and facilitators to PA participation for children in care.


The main phases of the scoping review were 1) identifying relevant studies; 2) selecting studies based on predefined inclusion criteria; 3) charting the data; and 4) collating, summarizing, and reporting the results. All relevant studies were included in the review regardless of methodological quality and design.


The 7 articles that met the inclusion criteria were published between 1998 and 2013 and conducted in the USA (3), England (2), and Norway (2). A social ecological model was incorporated to map results against levels of influence.


Various factors influence PA engagement for children in care. Barriers include low self-efficacy, instability of their social environment, which impacts on schooling and maintaining friendship groups, and, specific institutional practices and policies that may prevent access to PA. Before fully considering policy implications, further research with children in care is warranted in this area.

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Social Interaction and Physical Activity Among Rural Older Adults: A Scoping Review

Laurie L. Schmidt, Shanthi Johnson, M. Rebecca Genoe, Bonnie Jeffery, and Jennifer Crawford

: identifying the research question; identifying relevant research studies; selecting studies; charting the data; and collating, summarizing, and reporting the results. The theoretical model used to direct the scoping review was the social ecological model, which emphasizes multiple levels of influence on

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The Status of Physical Education Within a Nationally Recognized School Health and Wellness Program

Gabriella M. McLoughlin, Kim C. Graber, Amelia M. Woods, Tom Templin, Mike Metzler, and Naiman A. Khan

these stakeholders would provide valuable information necessary for strengthening school health promotion models. Theoretical Framework The social ecological model (SEM) was developed to contextualize individual health behavior in relation to external factors ( Stokols, 1992 ). One of the core

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Bullying and Physical Education: A Scoping Review

Mengyi Wei and Kim C. Graber

( Hansen et al., 2021 ; Montero-Carretero et al., 2020 ; Montero-Carretero & Cervello, 2020 ; Montero-Carretero et al., 2021 ), grounded theory ( Van Daalen, 2005 ), the social ecological model (SEM; O’Connor & Graber, 2014 ), and social cognitive theory ( Centeio et al., 2017 ) were employed

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Chapter 2: Perceived Benefits and Challenges of Physical Educators’ Use of Social Media for Professional Development and Learning

Jeffrey P. Carpenter and Stephen Harvey

physical educators perceive in their uses of social media for professional purposes? and (b) What challenges do physical educators perceive in their uses of social media for professional purposes? Theoretical Framework A social ecological model was employed to frame the benefits and challenges educators

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Factors Related to Physical Activity in Adults With Intellectual Disabilities in Group Home Settings: A Systematic Literature Review

Paige Laxton, Freda Patterson, and Sean Healy

movement compared with their peers living with families or independently. The social–ecological model acknowledges that health behaviors, such as PA participation, are influenced by not only intrapersonal factors but also a wide variety of interpersonal, environmental, and organizational factors

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Taking Steps Toward Health Equity Through Physical Activity

NiCole R. Keith

includes macroenvironmental factors such as enhanced greenspace, sidewalk connectivity, and traffic calming measures contribute to increased physical activity participation. The social ecological model of physical activity is patterned after the social ecological model of health ( Bronfenbrenner, 1977

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Building Community: Stakeholder Perspectives on Walking in Malls and Other Venues

Basia Belza, Christina E. Miyawaki, Peg Allen, Diane K. King, David X. Marquez, Dina L. Jones, Sarah Janicek, Dori Rosenberg, and David R. Brown

perspectives, to encourage walking and why mid-life and older adults chose to walk in those locations. As a study-guiding framework, we used the social-ecological model ( McLeroy, Bibeau, Steckler, & Glanz, 1988 ). The social-ecological model considers the dynamic interplay between personal and environmental