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Changes in Social Integration Predict Changes in Physical Activity: A 25-Year Prospective Study

Joey Lightner, Brandon C. Irwin, and Matthew Chrisman

The quality and quantity of social relationships are 2 of the strongest risk factors for mortality, rivaling well-established risk factors, such as smoking, body mass index, and physical inactivity. 1 As social relationships change over the life course, so too does their impact on health and

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Teammate Relationships, Loneliness, and the Motivational and Well-Being Experiences of Adolescent Athletes

Christine E. Pacewicz and Alan L. Smith

girls. Loneliness is common in adolescence due to changes in expectations about social relationships ( Heinrich & Gullone, 2006 ), yet little work has examined loneliness in youth sport or the broader physical activity context. The work that has examined loneliness in sport or physical activity has

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Experiences With Social Participation in Group Physical Activity Programs for Older Adults

Chantelle Zimmer, Meghan H. McDonough, Jennifer Hewson, Ann Toohey, Cari Din, Peter R.E. Crocker, and Erica V. Bennett

). Physical activity is important for successful aging because it helps older adults maintain or improve their physical and cognitive functioning, physical health, and psychological well-being ( Baker et al., 2009 ). Social relationships and social support can also be gained from participating in physical

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Children’s Social Relationships and Motivation in Sledge Hockey

Katrina Wynnyk and Nancy Spencer-Cavaliere

The purpose of this qualitative case study was to explore children with disabilities’ social relationships and motivation to take part in sledge hockey. Harter’s (1978) theory of Competence Motivation was used as the conceptual framework. Ten children (1 girl and 9 boys) between ages 11–16 years, who experienced a range of disabilities, participated. Primary data were collected using semistructured interviews, participant observations, and field and reflective notes. The thematic analysis led to four themes: (a) coach feedback, (b) parental involvement, (c) skill and belonging, and (d) (dis)ability sport. The findings revealed that interactions with significant others contributed extensively to the participant’s perceptions of competence and motivation to participate, as did the sport’s competitive nature. The findings are discussed in the context of Harter’s theory and the children’s sport and adapted physical activity inclusion literature.

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Peer Relationship Profiles and Motivation in Youth Sport

Alan L. Smith, Sarah Ullrich-French, Eddie Walker II, and Kimberly S. Hurley

The purpose of this study was to (a) describe peer relationship profiles of youth sport participants and (b) assess the motivational salience of these profiles by examining profile group differences on sport motivation-related variables. Youth sport camp participants (N = 243) ages 10 to 14 years (M = 11.8, SD = 1.2) completed a multisection questionnaire that contained sport-contextualized measures of perceived friendship quality (positive, conflict), perceived peer acceptance, perceived competence, enjoyment, anxiety, self-presentational concerns, and self-determined motivation. The positive friendship quality, friendship conflict, and peer acceptance responses were cluster-analyzed, yielding five peer relationship profiles that were consistent with expectations based on previous research (i.e., Seidman et al., 1999). Profile differences were obtained for all motivation-related variables and were in theoretically consistent directions. Those young athletes categorized in more adaptive peer relationship profiles had more adaptive motivation-related responses. The findings support theoretical perspectives on social relationships and motivation as well as the efficacy of a person-centered approach to the examination of peer relationships in sport.

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The Development of Social Relationships, Social Support, and Posttraumatic Growth in a Dragon Boating Team for Breast Cancer Survivors

Meghan H. McDonough, Catherine M. Sabiston, and Sarah Ullrich-French

Physical activity experiences may contribute to psychological and social wellbeing among breast cancer survivors. The main purpose of the current study was to qualitatively explore the development of social relationships, social support, and posttraumatic growth among breast cancer survivors participating in a dragon boat program over 19 months. Guided by interpretative phenomenological analysis (Smith, Flowers, & Larkin, 2009), semistructured interviews were conducted with 17 breast cancer survivors on five occasions over their first two seasons of dragon boating. Narrative accounts were developed for each participant, and four profiles emerged describing processes of social and posttraumatic growth development over time: “developing a feisty spirit of survivorship,” “I don’t want it to be just about me,” “it’s not about the pink it’s about the paddling,” and “hard to get close.” Profiles were discussed in terms of developing social relationships and support, providing support to others, physicality and athleticism, and negative interactions and experiences.

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The Influence of Source and Type of Support on College Students’ Physical Activity Behavior

Nicole M.S. Belanger and Julie Hicks Patrick

that 3 components of social relationships come together to influence engagement in behaviors: the evaluation, the quality, and the content of the network. The evaluation of the relationship includes students’ satisfaction with their individual relationships. The quality of the network consists of

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Social Supports and Barriers for Older Adults Not Participating in Group Physical Activity

Lindsay Morrison, Meghan H. McDonough, Jennifer Hewson, Ann Toohey, Cari Din, and Sarah J. Kenny

( Whitehead, 2010a ). Many older adults have stated that they enjoy the social interactions associated with GPA ( Harvey & Griffin, 2020 ). Social relationships are known to have the potential to support and positively influence older adults’ health and well-being and thus, may assist in preventing inactivity

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The Influence of Social Support Specific to Physical Activity on Physical Activity Among College and University Students: A Systematic Review

Pierre Van Luchene and Cécile Delens

. Nevertheless, the transition to university is often a time of social relationship change. 48 Therefore, it is important to investigate who the significant others are and what influence they have on the PA of college and university students. Other General Findings of the Review Student life is an event that

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Does Walking Mitigate Affective and Cognitive Responses to Social Exclusion?

Anthony G. Delli Paoli, Alan L. Smith, and Matthew B. Pontifex

-functioning college-aged sample likely produces a conservative estimate of effects. College-aged students may have already developed efficient coping strategies that buffer the impact of social exclusion. Future research may benefit from using a developing sample, such as adolescents, where social relationships with