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“Sport is Double-Edged”: A Delphi Study of Spectator Sport and Population Health

Brennan K. Berg, Yuhei Inoue, Matthew T. Bowers, and Packianathan Chelladurai

developed and promoted ( Inoue, Berg, et al., 2015 ). As one might expect, active participation in sport has been more frequently linked with population health to understand how it can benefit physical, mental, and social well-being (e.g.,  Berg et al., 2015 ; Rowe et al., 2013 ). However, sport

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Does It Matter if Sport Fans “Root for the Home Team?” A Test of the Team Identification–Social Psychological Health Model

Benjamin J.I. Schellenberg and Patrick Gaudreau

social connections which, in turn, positively contributes to social well-being ( Wann, 2006 ; Wann et al., 2003 ). In other words, the TI–SPHM predicts that highly identified sport fans experience higher levels of well-being because they form more social connections with others. Research on the TI

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Psychometric Assessment of the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form in Athletes: A Bifactor Modeling Approach

Stephen Shannon, Mark Shevlin, and Gavin Breslin

; EW = eudemonic well-being specific factor; SW = social well-being specific factor; PW = psychological well-being specific factor. Methods Study Design, Recruitment, and Participants Ethical approval was granted by Ulster University Research Ethics Filter Committee. The Strengthening the Reporting of

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The Well-Being of Elite Volleyball Athletes: A Scoping Review of Methods Using Wellness Questionnaires

André Rebelo, João R. Pereira, Diogo V. Martinho, and João Valente-dos-Santos

( Diener et al., 1985 ), the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule ( Watson et al., 1988 ), and the Subjective Happiness Scale ( Lyubomirsky & Lepper, 1999 ). The eudaemonic component is linked with the psychological well-being (PWB) and the social well-being models ( Keyes, 2002 ). The PWB is focused on

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Adaptation of the Recreovía During COVID-19 Lockdowns: Making Physical Activity Accessible to Older Adults in Bogotá, Colombia

Silvia A. González, Deepti Adlakha, Santiago Cabas, Sharon C. Sánchez-Franco, Maria A. Rubio, Natalia Ossa, Paola A. Martínez, Nathally Espinosa, and Olga L. Sarmiento

outdoor. I don’t like being locked. (Female, 62 years old) Experiences of the Adapted Program Recreovía users mentioned positive experiences with the adapted program that increased their motivation to be physically active and promote their social well-being. For example, a participant relates: I attend

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Mental Health in Times of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Exploring the Impact on Well-Being Across the Athlete-Collegiate Career

David P. Schary and Carolina Lundqvist

eudaimonic perspective has two common conceptualizations: psychological and social well-being. Psychological well-being is the most widely used in the literature, examining one’s ability to thrive and act functionally amid life’s challenges (e.g., pursuing meaningful goals, developing as a person; Ryff

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Loneliness, Social Isolation, and Objectively Measured Physical Activity in Rural-Living Older Adults

Jolanthe de Koning, Suzanne Richards, and Afroditi Stathi

This cross-sectional, observational study examined whether objectively measured physical activity (PA) and specific activities are associated with loneliness and social isolation (SI) in rural-living older adults. A total of 112 participants (M age = 72.8 [SD = 6.6], 51.8% female) from 23 villages in Wiltshire, United Kingdom, completed questionnaires, 7-day accelerometry, and activity diaries. Regression analysis was used to test associations between objectively measured light PA, moderate to vigorous PA, and total PA; loneliness; and SI from family, neighbors, or friends and to explore these associations using specific activities. Daily mean light, moderate to vigorous, and total PA were not associated with loneliness or SI. Volunteering, accompanying others, and sports/exercise were associated with lower SI from neighbors (odds ratio = 0.23, 95% CI [0.06, 0.91]), family (odds ratio = 0.39, 95% CI [0.22, 0.68]), and friends (odds ratio = 0.56, 95% CI [0.33, 0.97]), respectively. There were no associations between loneliness, SI, and objectively measured PA. The contribution of PA to loneliness and SI needs to be further investigated with larger and diverse samples of rural-living older adults.

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Mental Health in Elite-Level Coaches: Prevalence Rates and Associated Impact of Coach Stressors and Psychological Resilience

Jolan Kegelaers, Paul Wylleman, I. (Belle) N.A. van Bree, Francesco Wessels, and Raôul R.D. Oudejans

health framework, including positive indicators of psychological and social well-being, in addition to symptoms of mental disorders. Such an approach is more in line with recent conceptualizations of mental health ( World Health Organization, 2013 ). The relationship between experienced stressors and

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Teaching a Holistic, Harmonious and Internal Motivational Concept of Excellence to Promote Olympic Ideals, Health and Well-Being for All

Athanasios G. Papaioannou

Based on recent trends in positive psychology, on ancient Greek sport literature and particularly on Aristotle’s philosophy, the holistic, harmonious and internal motivational components of excellence and their implications for students’ motivation for physical activity, health and well-being are presented. While modern motivational theories and research have partly addressed the holistic and internal motivational components of excellence, they have yet to address its harmonious part. In this article it is explained why all three components of excellence are required to promote eudaimonic well-being, which is the ultimate aim of Olympism. It is argued also that the conceptualization of hedonic-eudaimonic well-being should be primarily based on the “me” versus “us” meaning. While current physical activity experiences more often reflect a hedonistic perspective, to promote health and well-being for all, an eudaimonic perspective in teaching in physical education and youth sport is needed. This should primarily focus on the promotion of Olympic ideals, such as excellence, friendship, and respect. These three ideals and well-being are all very much interconnected, when all three components of excellence exist in excess. To promote excellence, Olympic ideals, and well-being, the core ideas of an educational philosophy promoting excellence in physical education and youth sport are presented.

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Well-Being in Elite Sport: Dimensions of Hedonic and Eudaimonic Well-Being Among Elite Orienteers

Carolina Lundqvist and Fredrik Sandin

This study examined subjective (SWB), psychological (PWB) and social well-being (Social WB) at a global and sport contextual level among ten elite orienteers (6 women and 4 men, median age = 20.4, range 18–30) by employing semistructured interviews. Athletes described SWB as an interplay of satisfaction with life, sport experiences and perceived health combined with experienced enjoyment and happiness in both ordinary life and sport. SWB and PWB interacted, and important psychological functioning among the elite athletes included, among other things, abilities to adopt value-driven behaviors, be part of functional relationships, and to self-regulate one’s autonomy. The ability to organize and combine ordinary life with elite sport, and the use of strategies to protect the self during setbacks was also emphasized. For a comprehensive theoretical understanding of well-being applicable to elite athletes, the need for a holistic view considering both global and sport-specific aspects of WB is discussed.