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Media Portrayals of Athlete-Perpetrated Intimate Partner Violence: An Examination of the Social Ecological Model, Race, and Communication Perceptions

Jennifer A. Scarduzio, Christina S. Walker, Nicky Lewis, and Anthony M. Limperos

. For practitioners, the findings illustrate that journalists need to employ thematic framing—presenting all of the factors that occur surrounding the violence, rather than just describing the incident in an episodic manner. Theoretically, we used the social ecological model (SEM) to qualitatively

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Rate of Physical Activity and Community Health: Evidence From U.S. Counties

Mikihiro Sato, James Du, and Yuhei Inoue


Although previous studies supported the health benefits of physical activity, these studies were limited to individual-level research designs. Building upon a social-ecological model, we examined the relationship between physical activity and community health—the health status of a defined group of people—while accounting for the potential endogeneity of physical activity to health.


We obtained U.S. county-level data from the 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey and the 2014 County Health Ranking Database. We first conducted an ordinary least squares (OLS) regression analysis to examine the relationship between the rate of physical activity and community health measured by the average perceived health score for each county. We then conducted a 2-stage least squares (2SLS) regression analysis to investigate this relationship after accounting for potential endogeneity.


Results from the OLS analysis indicated that the rate of physical activity was positively associated with community health. Results from the 2SLS analysis confirmed that the physical activity rate remained positively associated with community health.


In line with the social-ecological model, our findings provide the first evidence for the health benefits of county-level physical activity. Our results support extant research that has shown relationships between physical activity and individual-level, health-related outcomes.

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A Comprehensive Multi-Level Approach for Passing Safe Routes to School and Complete Streets Policies in Hawaii

Katie M. Heinrich, Nancee N. Aki, Heidi Hansen-Smith, Mark Fenton, and Jay Maddock


Policy changes were needed to reshape the built environment for active transportation.


Using the social ecological model as a framework, the Healthy Hawaii Initiative worked with a contractor to develop a series of meetings, planning sessions, and workshops. Activities spanned 22 months between 2007 and 2009, and involved multiple stakeholders, including educational outreach for legislators and collaborative planning sessions with advocates.


Ultimately, with the help of the contractor to initiate the process, Complete Streets and Safe Routes to School (SRTS) legislation were introduced January 2009. Advocacy groups monitored bill progress, testified at hearings, and assisted in rewording the bills. The SRTS statute required the Department of Transportation (DOT) to administer the federal SRTS funds and the complete streets law tasked the state and county DOTs to adopt complete streets policies and review existing highway design standards and guidelines. Both bills were signed into law June 2009.


Focusing efforts at multiple levels of the social ecological model involving champions and key stakeholders led to the successful passage of legislation supporting active transportation. Tracking policy implementation and evaluation over time will help determine actual impact on active transportation behaviors across Hawaii.

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A Whole-of-School Approach to Physical Activity Promotion: The Case of One Secondary School in England

Emma Jaymes and Collin A. Webster

influence within the social environment. Numerous social-ecological models have been developed to capture and illustrate the multilayered process that explains changes in specific behaviors. In health promotion research, these models give consideration to a broad spectrum of factors that could play a role

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Chapter 2: Perceived Benefits and Challenges of Physical Educators’ Use of Social Media for Professional Development and Learning

Jeffrey P. Carpenter and Stephen Harvey

physical educators perceive in their uses of social media for professional purposes? and (b) What challenges do physical educators perceive in their uses of social media for professional purposes? Theoretical Framework A social ecological model was employed to frame the benefits and challenges educators

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Factors Related to Physical Activity in Adults With Intellectual Disabilities in Group Home Settings: A Systematic Literature Review

Paige Laxton, Freda Patterson, and Sean Healy

movement compared with their peers living with families or independently. The social–ecological model acknowledges that health behaviors, such as PA participation, are influenced by not only intrapersonal factors but also a wide variety of interpersonal, environmental, and organizational factors

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Bridging the Policy Gap: Examining Physical Education in Colorado

Xiaoping Fan, Jaimie M. McMullen, Brian Dauenhauer, and Jennifer M. Krause

contributing to variations in the provision of physical education throughout the state, contrasts with the statewide policies that aim to maintain consistency, accountability, and educational equity across all schools within the state. The social ecological model, which consists of five interconnected levels

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Taking Steps Toward Health Equity Through Physical Activity

NiCole R. Keith

includes macroenvironmental factors such as enhanced greenspace, sidewalk connectivity, and traffic calming measures contribute to increased physical activity participation. The social ecological model of physical activity is patterned after the social ecological model of health ( Bronfenbrenner, 1977

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Building Community: Stakeholder Perspectives on Walking in Malls and Other Venues

Basia Belza, Christina E. Miyawaki, Peg Allen, Diane K. King, David X. Marquez, Dina L. Jones, Sarah Janicek, Dori Rosenberg, and David R. Brown

perspectives, to encourage walking and why mid-life and older adults chose to walk in those locations. As a study-guiding framework, we used the social-ecological model ( McLeroy, Bibeau, Steckler, & Glanz, 1988 ). The social-ecological model considers the dynamic interplay between personal and environmental

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Strengthening Whole-of-School Physical Activity Models to Promote Physical Literacy: Moving Beyond a Component Approach

Paul Rukavina and Patricia Gremillion-Burdge

) public policy. Social–ecological models can be a philosophical undergird to whole-school models (e.g.,  Carson, Castelli, Beighle, & Erwin, 2014 ) and can be adapted by wellness committees or researchers to investigate the multilayered influences on different stakeholders within the school community