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Joel L. Prowting, Debra Bemben, Christopher D. Black, Eric A. Day, and Jason A. Campbell

degree of muscle tissue damage that transiently results in reduced force production and increased muscle soreness ( Peake et al., 2016 ). In addition, there is evidence that eccentric exercise damages connective tissues ( Brown et al., 1997 ), including the extracellular matrix (ECM) that supports and

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Corall S. Hjert and Cynthia J. Wright

Key Points ▸ Foam rolling (FR) has a moderate effect on muscle soreness or pain in individuals experiencing delayed onset muscle soreness at 24, 48, and 72 hr post activity that induces delayed onset muscle soreness. ▸ FR protocols at minimum should include FR of the affected muscle group twice for

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Berkiye Kirmizigil, Jeffry Roy Chauchat, Omer Yalciner, Gozde Iyigun, Ender Angin, and Gul Baltaci

Unaccustomed physical activity with high intensity and eccentric contractions may cause muscle damage that may present itself as delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). 1 , 2 Indeed, DOMS is accepted as a type I muscle strain. 3 Stiffness, soreness, and tenderness of muscles are symptoms associated

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Thomas W. Jones, Barry C. Shillabeer, and Marco Cardinale

exercise paradigms 5 – 7 and to describe the temporal characteristics of delayed-onset muscle soreness. 8 Recent work has investigated the acute responses and short-term recovery time course of Tsk to exercise, 8 and abnormal thermal patterns have been used to identify inflammatory responses in muscles

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Timothy J.H. Lathlean, Paul B. Gastin, Stuart V. Newstead, and Caroline F. Finch

training across these levels including both supervised and self-administered strength, conditioning, and rehabilitative activities in high volumes. 1 Excessive involvement in these training and competition activities may be detrimental to player wellness (eg, sleep, soreness, fatigue, stress, and mood) 2

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Michael G. Miller, David C. Berry, Susan Bullard, and Roger Gilders


Land and aquatic plyometrics have clinical relevance for exercise, sport performance, and rehabilitation, yet study is limited comparing both.


To compare the effects of land-based and aquatic-based plyometric-training programs on performance variables, muscle soreness, and range of motion (ROM).


Aquatic facility and biomechanics laboratory.


Forty subjects randomly assigned to 3 groups: land (n = 13), water (n = 13), and control (n = 14).

Main Outcome Measures:

Performance variables, muscle soreness, and ROM were measured before and after an 8-week training period. An analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) and a Bonferroni post hoc test determined significance.


ANCOVA revealed significant differences between groups with respect to plantar-flexion ROM (P < .05). Paired t test determined that the aquatic group significantly increased muscle power pretest to posttest (P < .05).


Results indicate that aquatic plyometric training can be an alternative approach to enhancing performance.

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Zeynep Hazar Kanik, Seyit Citaker, Canan Yilmaz Demirtas, Neslihan Celik Bukan, Bulent Celik, and Gurkan Gunaydin

Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) is a well-known phenomenon that occurs after unaccustomed or strenuous exercise, particularly if the exercise involves a lot of eccentric contractions. 1 Many theories have been proposed to explain the mechanism of DOMS, such as lactic acid accumulation, muscle

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Benjamin A. McKay, Jace A. Delaney, Andrew Simpkin, Theresa Larkin, Andrew Murray, Diarmuid Daniels, Charles R. Pedlar, and John A. Sampson

Furthermore, redox biomarkers markers have also shown associations with training load in soccer, 20 , 21 with FORT and FORD also associated with CMJ variables and subjective measures of muscle soreness during an ACF season. 16 Therefore, the aim of this investigation was to assess objective measures of

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Timothy J.H. Lathlean, Paul B. Gastin, Stuart V. Newstead, and Caroline F. Finch

by the recommendations of Hooper and Mackinnon, 5 can be identified through 5 main factors: sleep, fatigue, soreness, stress, and mood. This easy-to-implement, practical and inexpensive questionnaire has previously been utilized in elite AFL players. 6 Elite junior AF players can encounter various

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Will Abbott, Callum Brashill, Adam Brett, and Tom Clifford

function and muscle soreness following a competitive soccer match in professional players. We hypothesized that TCJ supplementation would accelerate the recovery of muscle function and attenuate muscle soreness following a match. Methods Participants Twelve professional male soccer players from the reserve