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Dana M. Lis, Daniel Kings and D. Enette Larson-Meyer

A variety of special diets are adopted by track-and-field athletes for a multitude of reasons. Gluten-free (GFD), vegetarian, and fasting diets are among the more prevalent diets adopted for health, ethical, religious, and performance purposes. A low fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides

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Elizabeth J. Durden-Myers and Margaret E. Whitehead

to clarifying the concept and research in practice. Such research is required to catalyze the operationalization process of physical literacy from theory into practice within a variety of industries and fields. This special issue aims to add clarity in relation to what physical literacy is and what

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Ben Desbrow, Nicholas A. Burd, Mark Tarnopolsky, Daniel R. Moore and Kirsty J. Elliott-Sale

physiology, psychology, training science, and sociology to describe our current understanding of the nutrition priorities for these special population athletes. Physiological Changes in Adolescent Athletes Adolescence is a period of significant growth and physical development that includes altered body

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Larry Dwyer and Liz Fredline

Cities, regions, and countries are making increasing use of special sport events in their economic and social development mix. Governments and event organizers often justify special sport events on the grounds that such events can build social capital, attract visitors, foster trade, enhance the host destination’s brand, and serve as catalysts for the development of new infrastructure. As a result of the proliferation of special sport events, there is an increasing need to determine the means via which events do (and do not) contribute to their stated social and economic development objectives. Consequently, it is vital to understand the unique challenges of managing and marketing special sport events.

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Larry Dwyer and Liz Fredline

As noted in Part I of Special Sport Events which appeared in Volume 22, Issue 4 of the Journal of Sport Management, sport events are increasingly contributing to the economic and social development of cities, regions, and countries. The justification to host large-scale sport events is often done on the role these events play in building social capital, attracting tourists, foster trade relations, enhance the host destination’s brand, and serve as catalysts for the development and improvements of infrastructures. It is imperative to understand the unique challenges of managing and marketing special sport events. We believe that Part I of the special issue on special sport events and this collection of articles (Part II) address many of the challenges related to these sport events. In the following pages, we outline the articles featured in the second issue devoted to the topic of special sport events.

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Kirstin Hallmann, Anita Zehrer, Sheranne Fairley and Lea Rossi

The Special Olympics is a recognized sport movement for persons with intellectual impairments. This movement provides services that include participation in a health program, a family program, the scientific academy, and volunteering ( Special Olympics Germany, 2017a ). National Summer and Winter

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Jeffrey J. Martin

-Chandler, 2015 ). However, youth considered to represent special populations have been underresearched relative to non-special-population youth (e.g., able-bodied children) and elite disability-sport athletes such as Paralympians. Hence, in this paper I review research and provide some future research directions

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Christopher C. Draheim, Daniel P. Williams and Jeffrey A. McCubbin

The purpose of the study is to determine whether cardiovascular disease risk factor differences exist between Active Special Olympians, Inactive Non-Special Olympians, and Active Non-Special Olympians. Resting blood pressure, total and abdominal body fat, fasting cholesterol profiles, and fasting insulin were measured in 145 (72 women, 73 men) adults with mild mental retardation. Active Special Olympians (n = 45) possessed lower diastolic blood pressures, body fat percentages, abdominal fat, triglycerides, and insulin than Inactive Non-Special Olympians (n = 38) and possessed lower body fat percentages than Active Non-Special Olympians (n = 62). Active Non-Special Olympians possessed lower triglycerides and insulin than Inactive Non-Special Olympians. Future prospective trials are needed to determine whether Special Olympics participation may be one effective component of community-based physical activity programs aimed at reducing cardiovascular disease risk.

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Melinda A. Solmon and Stephen Silverman

Maureen Weiss. According to Weiss, Cathy was an exceptional executive board member, offering innovative and cutting-edge ideas for special themed issues, recommending courses of action, and enthusiastically engaging in discussions about how to advance KR as the official journal of NAK and AKA. As guest

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Lijuan Wang

Students with special educational needs are those who do not fit in standard behavioral models. Such students also show certain difficulties in dealing with educational and pedagogical tasks ( Milanovic & Markovic, 2014 ; Wang & Qi, 2015 ). An increasing number of students with special educational