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“Sport is Double-Edged”: A Delphi Study of Spectator Sport and Population Health

Brennan K. Berg, Yuhei Inoue, Matthew T. Bowers, and Packianathan Chelladurai

 al., 2015 ; Chalip, 2006 ; Edwards & Rowe, 2019 ; Inoue, Berg, et al., 2015 ; Inoue et al., 2019 ; Rowe et al., 2013 ). One significant subtopic within the sport and population health discourse is understanding the relationship between spectator sport —sport and athletic events provided as

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Australian Football in America During COVID-19

James Bingaman

increasing participation at the local club level. Future Directions for Australian Football The Next Big Spectator Sport Global expansion is something the AFL has actively sought out for more than 20 years ( Carney, 2019 ). With viewing behavior of televised sports being positively correlated with live

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Spectator Sport and Population Health: A Scoping Study

Yuhei Inoue, Brennan K. Berg, and Packianathan Chelladurai

This article examines the current state of research regarding the effect of spectator sport on population health. We conducted a scoping study that involved a comprehensive search of published and gray literature between 1990 and 2014, and identified 135 studies empirically examining the effect of spectator sport on population health. A frequency analysis shows that there is a paucity of studies on this topic published in sport management journals. A thematic analysis further reveals that the reviewed studies can be classified into nine research themes depicting the relationships among certain categories of spectator sport and population health. Based on this scoping study, we develop a framework and identify several gaps in the literature that should be addressed to advance our understanding of the relationship between spectator sport and population health.

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Coping as a Mediation Mechanism Between Severity of Spectator Dysfunctional Behavior and Revisit Intention: The Moderating Effects of Self-Construal in Sport Consumption

Kyungyeol (Anthony) Kim, Kevin K. Byon, and Paul M. Pedersen

spectator’s perspective. Although the behavior is initiated by other spectators and may disrupt the consumption order for the victim, it does not necessarily violate generally accepted norms. That is, some spectators might think that standing up and watching a game are part of spectator sport consumption

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“Germany Crashes Out of World Cup”: A Mixed-Method Study on the Effects of Crisis Communication on Facebook

Sonja Utz, Felix Otto, and Tim Pawlowski

literature on using social media in (crisis) communication in the context of a popular spectator sport. Situational Crisis Communication Theory Crisis communication has been studied for decades in organizational contexts. The most prominent theory in this field is situational crisis communication theory

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Understanding the Lack of Diversity in Sport Consumer Behavior Research

Elizabeth B. Delia, E. Nicole Melton, Katherine Sveinson, George B. Cunningham, and Daniel Lock

analysis. Subsequently, we removed any participant sport studies. Though this work is important to sport consumer behavior, the focus of our study was spectator sport. Separately, conceptual articles were reviewed, but placed in a file for further analysis, separate from empirical studies. Thus, the final

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Symbiosis and Substitution in Spectator Sport

Mark P. Pritchard and Daniel C. Funk

The relationship between the consumption of sport via media and its more active counterpart, attendance, remains ambiguous. Some researchers have observed a symbiotic relationship at work—each behavior fueling the other, whereas others see no connection or argue that media use competes with live attendance as a recreational substitute. The current study of baseball game spectators (n = 308) employed a dual-route framework (DRF) to describe symbiotic and substitution behaviors. High/low mixes of media use and attendance were used to identify four distinct modes of intake (heavy, light, and media- and event-dominant). Follow-up comparisons distinguished each mode with discrete levels of involvement, satisfaction, and spectator attraction. The results expose the limits of previous models of spectator behavior and encourage us to broaden our understandings of consumption frequency beyond attendance alone. The DRF modes suggest that plotting media use in conjunction with attendance offers a more accurate account of spectator involvement. If models like the escalator dissected the data, they would consider the light and media-dominant and the heavy and event-dominant modes as equivalent. The importance of media-dominant consumption and the strategic implications of these segments are discussed.

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Determinants and Consequences of the Perceived Social Impact of a Sport Event

Yuhei Inoue and Cody T. Havard

This study investigates the determinants and consequences of the perceived social impact of a sport event by analyzing data obtained from 458 local attendees of the 2012 FedEx St. Jude Classic. Results show that a sport event generates a higher level of social impact for local attendees if they feel a greater sense of social camaraderie at the event and/or perceive a higher level of the social responsibility of the event. In turn, the creation of social impact leads to greater business returns, such that local attendees perceiving a high level of social impact are likely to support the event and its sponsors. These results offer some empirical evidence for Chalip’s (2006) framework of social leverage, and show why events and their sponsors need to make efforts to generate social benefits for host communities.

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Feeling Vital by Watching Sport: The Roles of Team Identification and Stadium Attendance in Enhancing Subjective Vitality

Masayuki Yoshida, Mikihiro Sato, and Jason Doyle

vitality in spectator sport ( Jang et al., 2017 ; Wann & Craven, 2014 ). However, little is known about the mediating variables that may impact the relationship between team identification and subjective vitality. According to Ryan and Deci ( 2008 ), “vitality would correspond with activities or contexts

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Social Media and Digital Breakage on the Sports Beat

Mark Lowes and Christopher Robillard

are becoming social-media content creators and curators while competing against spectator sport-content creators. Whereas these changes might have a negative connotation, we argue that sport coverage in digital culture offers more opportunities for journalists to step outside the confines of