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Sunghoon Shin and Jacob J. Sosnoff

is a need for further investigations designed to test the predictions of RM and TM components directly. Persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) serve as an ideal clinical population in which the predictions of the RM and TM hypothesis can be tested. Persons with complete injury at the thoracic level

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Camilla Yuri Kawanishi and Márcia Greguol

This study aimed to perform a systematic review of studies that address the influence of physical activity on the quality of life and functional independence of adult individuals with spinal cord injury. The review was performed using data obtained from the MEDLINE, CINAHL, SciELO, LILACS, SPORTDiscus, Web of Science, Academic Search Premier, and PEDro databases using the following keywords: quality of life; functional independence; autonomy; independence; physical activity; activities of daily living; physical exercise; tetraplegia; paraplegia; spinal cord injury; physical disabilities; and wheelchair. Eleven studies met the inclusion criteria. Although there was a lack of consensus among the selected studies, the majority of them presented a strong correlation between physical activity and variables of quality of life and/or functional independence. Thus, physical activity appears to have an important influence on social relationships, functional independence, psychological factors, and physical aspects, which can enhance quality of life and independence in the performance of daily activities.

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Rodrigo Rodrigues Gomes Costa, Rodrigo Luiz Carregaro and Frederico Ribeiro Neto

One form of spinal cord injury (SCI) classification is to stratify into 2 groups: tetraplegia (TP), which involves injuries between the cervical vertebrae (C6–C8), and paraplegia, between the thoracic, lumbar, and sacral vertebrae (T1–L2). 1 , 2 This division is by the American Spinal Injury

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Morteza Sadeghi, Gholamali Ghasemi and Mohammadtaghi Karimi

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is defined as damage to the spinal cord which influences the patient’s abilities for standing, walking, and doing their daily activities. 1 The incidence of this injury varies from one country to another. 2 , 3 It has been shown that in the United States, the annual

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Levy Silva Rezende, Markus Brendon Lima and Emanuel Péricles Salvador

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a traumatic event, with strong implications for the affected individuals, 1 and is frequently associated with considerable changes in individual function and socialization. 2 In the United States, the incidence of SCI is 17,000 per year. 3 However, reliable data in

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Claudio Perret, Debbie Van Biesen, Matthias Strupler, Pia Pit-Grosheide and Yves Vanlandewijck

this substance class of medication. Up to 75% of men with spinal cord injury (SCI) suffer from erectile dysfunction of neurologic origin and ingest sildenafil citrate regularly. 16 Thus, one can presume that also a substantial proportion of wheelchair athletes use sildenafil citrate. Therefore, more

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Kendra R. Todd and Kathleen A. Martin Ginis

The rationale for the intervention is flawed (i.e., to decrease sedentary behavior in people with spinal cord injury). A person with SCI, by definition, will always be sedentary. — Anonymous journal reviewer People living with spinal cord injury (SCI) are at the lowest end of the physical

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Kelly Pritchett, Robert C. Pritchett, Lauren Stark, Elizabeth Broad and Melissa LaCroix

always equate to improved performance ( Close et al., 2013 ). More recent studies suggest that a substantial portion of elite athletes with a chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) have insufficient/deficient 25(OH)D status ( Barbonetti et al., 2016 ; Flueck et al., 2016a ; Pritchett et al., 2016 ), which

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Roberta Gaspar, Natalia Padula, Tatiana B. Freitas, João P.J. de Oliveira and Camila Torriani-Pasin

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating health condition, which is associated with permanent disability and reduction in life expectancy. 1 Global data state a high annual incidence between 12.1 and 57.8 per million inhabitants, the same with prevalence that ranges between 236 and 1009 per

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Gary J. Farkas, Marika A. Pitot and David R. Gater Jr.

Following a spinal cord injury (SCI), alterations in body composition, limited mobility and physical activity, anabolic deficiencies, and sympathetic nervous system blunting lead to an elevated risk of morbidity and mortality ( Farkas & Gater, 2017 ). The loss of metabolically active lean body mass