Sport mega-event organizing committees have three uniquely challenging characteristics: They grow rapidly; they are temporary; they are accountable for event symbolisms. Effects of these characteristics are examined via participant observation and in-depth interviews with twelve lower-level employees of the Beijing Organizing Committee for the Olympic Games (BOCOG) two years before the Beijing Olympics. Four themes about their working lives were identified: The daily work is mundane; BOCOG is bureaucratic; privilege has its privileges; my immediate working environment nurtures me. The mega-event context was also important; workers described it using: The Olympics are great and grand; the Olympics are valuable for China; the Olympics illustrate the challenges that China faces in the 21st century; BOCOG is uniquely high profile; BOCOG helps us to understand Chinese society. Employees used four themes to describe the coping strategies they applied to manage the challenges of working for the organizing committee: I have to confront or adjust; my work at BOCOG allows me to develop myself; working at BOCOG represents a passionate life with idealism; I get to be part of history. Findings suggest that social support, the symbolic significance of the event, and learning through event work mitigate the stresses of working to host a mega-event. Future work should examine the workers’ lives longitudinally over the lifespan of an organizing committee to delineate the dynamics of meanings and experiences in mega-event work.
Xiaoyan Xing and Laurence Chalip
By Heather Sykes. Taylor & Francis, 2017, Abingdon, Oxon and New York, NY. In their book, The sexual and gender politics of sport mega-events: Roving colonialism , Heather Sykes and contributors Manal Hamzeh and Salima Bhimani document and analyze activism focused on neo-liberal and securitized
Claudio M. Rocha
, 2003 ). As private funding has proven to be a fallacy for most hosts all around the world ( Solberg & Preuss, 2007 ), residents’ support has worked as a seal of approval for public money investment in sport mega-events like the OG. Local residents’ support creates legitimacy for government investment
A new form of sporting settler homonationalism emerged in the Pride Houses at the 2010 Vancouver Winter Olympics. For the first time ever, Pride Houses were set up where gay and lesbian supporters watched and celebrated the Olympic events. Drawing on poststructuralism, queer and settler colonial studies, the paper analyzes how the Pride Houses were based on settler colonial discourses about participation and displacement. A settler discourse about First Nations and Two-Spirit participation in the Pride Houses allowed gay and lesbian Canadian settlers to both remember and forget the history of settlement. Another settler discourse took for granted the displacement of Two-Spirit youth from their community center and Indigenous people from their traditional territories in order for the Olympics and the Pride Houses to take place. The paper suggests that queering settler politics in sport means confronting, rather than disavowing, colonialism and challenging homonational forms of gay and lesbian inclusion in sport mega- events.
Inge Derom and Donna Lee
The City of Vancouver, British Columbia strategically designed and implemented a municipal health promotion policy—the Vancouver Active Communities policy—to leverage the 2010 Olympic Games. The goal of the policy was to increase physical activity participation among Vancouver residents by 2010.
In this paper, we conduct a critical policy analysis of health promotion policy documents that were available on the City of Vancouver’s website.
We elaborate on the background to the policy and more specifically we examine its content: the problem definition, policy goals, and policy instruments.
Our analysis showed inconsistency within the policy, particularly because the implemented policy instruments were not designed to address needs of the identified target populations in need of health promotion efforts, which were used to legitimize the approval of funding for the policy. Inconsistency across municipal policies, especially in terms of promoting physical activity among low-income residents, was also problematic.
If other municipalities seek to leverage health promotion funding related to hosting sport mega-events, the programs and services should be designed to benefit the target populations used to justify the funding. Furthermore, municipalities should clearly indicate how funding will be maintained beyond the life expectancy of the mega-event.
Kim Toffoletti, Catherine Palmer and Sumaya Samie
” that tend to uphold male domination. The authors illustrate how changing these norms is possible without excessive, Western-driven interventions in local culture and values. Martha Saveedra’s insightful review of Heather Sykes’ recent book The sexual and gender politics of sport mega-events: Roving
Rob Millington, Simon C. Darnell and Brad Millington
—in which it is reasonable to allow growth and consumption to continue with impunity. From this perspective, we explore connections between environmentalism, development, and sport mega-events by examining how the return of golf to the Olympics connects to notions of sustainability, ecological modernization
Brian Wilson and Nicolien VanLuijk
on how protests around sport mega-events in particular are covered in mainstream media ( Boykoff, 2014 ). We consider the lack of research in this area to be conspicuous because of the widely acknowledged relevance of and links between these events and tensions concerning (for example) economic
Kyoung-yim Kim and Heejoon Chung
Scholarly debate is divided when it comes to sport mega-events like the Olympics. One camp argues that they open up a unique political opportunity for actors to exercise power in pursuit of their goals (e.g., Cottrell & Nelson, 2010 ). The other argues that these mega-events empower the state to
Udi Carmi and Orr Levental
and Richard Giulianotti. 2012. Politics and the London 2012 Olympics: The (in) security games. International Affairs 88(4): 701–717. 28. Scarlett Cornelissen. 2010. The geopolitics of global aspiration: Sport mega-events and emerging powers. The International Journal of the History of Sport 27