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Munehiko Harada

To better understand the historical pattern of sport participation in Japan, two active elderly groups—Masters athletes and senior university students—were compared. Research findings suggest that Masters athletes perceive sport as serious and competitive, and their previous sport participation leads directly to their sport participation in later life. On the other hand, senior university students are more likely to perceive sport as a playful leisure pursuit. For them, leaving and reentering sport is not uncommon. This paper presents eight possible patterns of lifelong sport and exercise participation that should be considered when designing marketing programs to recruit elderly participants, and when developing programs to meet the needs of a heterogeneous older population with a variety of beliefs, attitudes, and experiences in sport and exercise.

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David J. Langley and Sharon M. Knight

The broad purpose of this paper is to contextualize the meaning and evolution of competitive sport participation among the aged by describing the life story of a senior aged participant. We used narrative inquiry to examine the integration of sport into the life course and continuity theory to examine the evolution of his life story. Continuity theory proposes that individuals are predisposed to preserve and maintain longstanding patterns of thought and behavior throughout their adult development. Based on this theory, we suggest that continuity in successful competitive sport involvement for this participant may represent a primary adaptive strategy for coping with the aging process. Successful involvement in sport appeared to mediate past and continuing patterns of social relationships, the development of personal identity, and a general propensity for lifelong physical activity.

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Nili Steinberg, Roger Adams, Moshe Ayalon, Nadav Dotan, Shiri Bretter and Gordon Waddington

. The aim of the present study was to assess whether proprioceptive ability measured by ankle complex movement discrimination ability (in N-WB and WB positions) and by JPR (in N-WB position) was related to injury history and to sport participation level and to evaluate the relation between JPR ability

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Susan E. Vail

Many sport organizations face the challenge of declining sport participation. Traditional methods of addressing this challenge such as promotional ads and top-down initiatives that ignore community needs have not succeeded in sustaining sport participation. This action research study assessed the impact of the building tennis communities model, a community development approach based on three key elements: identifying a community champion, developing collaborative partnerships, and delivering quality sport programming. Eighteen communities across Canada were supported by the national sport governing body, Tennis Canada, to participate in the study. Findings demonstrated that communities were able to identify a community champion and deliver quality programs that aimed to increase and sustain tennis participation; however, partnership building was implemented in a very preliminary and incomplete manner. Recommendations about the benefits of using a community development approach to not only increase sport participation but also develop communities through sport are presented with implications for researchers, policy makers, and practitioners.

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Tom Perks

As is well known among sport sociologists, opportunities for sport participation are not equal across different socio-economic status (SES) groups, with research showing that adults with high SES participate in sport more than those with low SES ( Canadian Fitness & Lifestyle Research Institute

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Aysha M. Thomas, Kayleigh M. Beaudry, Kimbereley L. Gammage, Panagiota Klentrou and Andrea R. Josse

interventions. Therefore, the aims of the present study were (1) to examine the changes in the total amount, frequency, and type of PA and sport participation among Canadian first-year male and female university students and (2) to examine the factors that promote or dissuade PA and sport engagement among these

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Joseph P. Winnick

A continuum for sport participation is depicted and contrasted for guiding decisions on sport participation based upon integration, and for facilitating provision of innovative experiences along the continuum. The continuum ranges from regular sport with no modifications to segregated adapted sport.

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Lauren A. Gardner, Christopher A. Magee and Stewart A. Vella

, 6 Two frequently used proxy measures are enjoyment and behavioral intentions, 7 , 8 but the validity of these as predictors of participation and dropout behavior over time is not known. In this study, we investigate whether enjoyment and behavioral intentions translate to sport participation and

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Jen D. Wong, Julie S. Son, Stephanie T. West, Jill J. Naar and Toni Liechty

researchers that they wanted their stories told, and many expressed pride in their sport participation. This study named the people and place in the effort to “emphasize connections among people, places, and events to highlight the systems of relationships and processes of articulation that produce boundaries

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Caterina Pesce, Ilaria Masci, Rosalba Marchetti, Giuseppe Vannozzi and Mirko Schmidt

spent 113±103 weekly minutes in after-school sports training. In view of a previous study that has tested potential differences in sport participation between groups of various degrees of veridical self-perception ( De Meester, Maes et al., 2016 ), an a priori power analysis was performed with power (1