Disordered eating is a psychological ailment that befalls many athletes and can persist into retirement. Links have been established between disordered eating and societal and sport-specific pressures; however, little research has focused on the perspective of retired athletes in a time-based sport. The purpose of the current research was to explore the conceptualization of disordered eating in relation to swimming participation, how retirement affects eating patterns, and ways to mitigate disordered eating. Following IPA methodological guidelines, a homogeneous sample of retired swimmers (N = 6) was chosen for semistructured, participant-driven interviews determined by scores on a disordered-eating questionnaire. Three superordinate themes were revealed: (1) pressures unique to swimming, (2) transition to eating pattern awareness, and (3) maintaining ideal eating patterns in retirement. The results revealed a combination of novel findings and expansion of previous data on disordered eating. Suggestions for applications of current findings and for future research are also discussed.
Hannah Cooper and Stacy Winter
Susan L. Greendorfer and Elaine M. Blinde
Survey data from 1,123 former intercollegiate athletes (427 males and 697 females) were examined relative to commitment to a sport role, educational and occupational preparation, postcareer sport participation, social interests, and adjustment to sport retirement. Chi-square and factor analyses revealed that the former athletes in this study did not totally withdraw from the system of sport, that some shifting or reprioritization of interests occurred during their athletic career, and that the process of leaving sport may be more gradual or transitional than previously believed. Patterns obtained were similar for both males and females, and there was little evidence to suggest these athletes experienced adjustment difficulties. In light of these findings, an alternative conceptualization of the sport “retirement” process is offered.
freedom and existence are separate from politics. In fact, if anything, in writing about such topics as sport retirement ( Denison, 1996 ), the coach-athlete relationship ( Denison, 2007 ), and planning ( Denison, 2010 ), my aim has been to de-subjectify experience in an effort to problematize the
Sophie Knights, Emma Sherry, Mandy Ruddock-Hudson and Paul O’Halloran
the time they concluded their career. Sport Retirement Defined Retirement is defined as withdrawing oneself from a specific activity ( Brady, 1988 ). Sport retirement is defined as the separation of an athlete from their sport ( DiCamilli, 2000 ). Sport retirement can either have a positive or
Zachary C. Merz, Joanne E. Perry and Michael J. Ross
an adjustment disorder, with many exhibiting more depressive symptomatology (e.g., depressed mood, lack of enjoyment, irritability, and sleep disturbances). This pattern is consistent with previous research, which estimates that, following sport retirement, 15–20% of elite athletes experience
Simon Rice, Matt Butterworth, Matti Clements, Daniel Josifovski, Sharyn Arnold, Cecily Schwab, Kerryn Pennell and Rosemary Purcell
from sport, retirement from sport, social isolation when traveling and competing internationally in an individual sport, and relationship difficulties with coaching staff or with the broader national sporting organization. Program Reflexivity Implementation of the Mental Health Referral Network has