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Brian J. Foster and Graig M. Chow

Research investigating well-being in competitive athletics has found that athletes with greater well-being are more likely to thrive in their competitive environment ( Jones, Meijen, McCarthy, & Sheffield, 2009 ). Elite athletes have numerous barriers to achieving well-being due to their sport

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Mitch Abrams and Michelle L. Bartlett

, may be the most widely seen social media phenomenon demonstrating the importance of a meaningful response by those involved in sports. Individuals that have training in two vital areas: clinical psychology/counseling and in sport and performance, particularly in understanding athletic and sport

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Melissa L. Breger, Margery J. Holman and Michelle D. Guerrero

protecting young boys from future acts of assault needs to include girls as they often exist in environments where the rigid hierarchy and power structure place them in a vulnerable population. Norms (often in the guise of tradition) that have contributed to sexual violence, permeate sport, and need to be

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James Hardy, Nikos Comoutos and Antonis Hatzigeorgiadis

The foundations of self-talk research are intertwined with the complex interactions between cognition, affect, and behavior, and reflect the origins of the field of sport psychology and its connections with cognitive psychology, personality theories, and social-cognitive approaches to understanding

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Carol R. Glass, Claire A. Spears, Rokas Perskaudas and Keith A. Kaufman

acceptance of unpleasant internal states ( Gardner & Moore, 2004 , 2007 ; Kaufman, Glass, & Arnkoff, 2009 ), which is a central tenet of mindfulness-based interventions. Mindfulness skills appear especially well-matched to sport performance enhancement. As Gordhamer ( 2014 ) contended, “The benefits of

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Kristine Bisgaard and Jan Toftegaard Støckel

world started to share stories of sexual harassment and abuse (SHA). Also in the field sport, silenced voices came forward. The 59-year-old Nicola Werdernigg, former Austrian national downhill champion, publicly disclosed that while attending a ski academy run, she had been raped ( Fry, 2018 ). Based on

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Trevor Cote, Amy Baltzell and Robert Diehl

Over the past 2 decades, mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) in sport have grown from a niche approach to performance excellence into a “mainstream option for sport psychologists across the globe” ( Gardner, 2016 , p. 147). Such interest is based on growing empirical research supporting the

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Laura K. Fewell, Riley Nickols, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Cheri A. Levinson

-athletes ( DiBartolo & Shaffer, 2002 ; Hulley & Hill, 2001 ; Wollenberg, Shriver, & Gates, 2015 ), which may be due to the potential protective mental health benefits of sport and exercise ( Goodwin, Haycraft, & Meyer, 2016 ; Jewett et al., 2014 ). Yet the comparatively high rates of EDs among athletes suggest that

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Ian D. Boardley and Maria Kavussanu

A sport-specific measure of moral disengagement was developed in 2 studies. In Study 1, a 59-item questionnaire was developed and tested with 308 athletes from 5 team sports. A series of confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) testing different models suggested the model that best fitted the data had 6 first-order factors that could be represented by 1 second-order factor. Study 2 involved 305 athletes from the same 5 sports. CFA confirmed the 6-factor, second-order structure for the final 32-item measure. Results from Study 2 supported the construct validity of the scale, providing evidence for the factorial, concurrent, convergent, and discriminant validity. The Moral Disengagement in Sport Scale (MDSS) is proposed as a valid and reliable measure of moral disengagement for use in the sport context.

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Robert J. Schinke, Randy C. Battochio, Timothy V. Dube, Ronnie Lidor, Gershon Tenenbaum and Andrew M. Lane

Sport researchers have considered the processes that elite athletes undergo to achieve positive psychological adaptation during significant chronic stressors throughout sport careers and also, acute stressors within important competitions. This review contains a description of competitive and organizational stressors that can hamper an elite athlete’s pursuit of adaptation within the aforementioned circumstances, followed by an identification of the responses that together can foster the desired outcome of adaptation. The authors propose that there are four parts that contribute to an elite athlete’s positive psychological adaptation, presented as parts of a process: (a) the appraisal of stressors, (b) coping strategies, (c) self-regulation strategies, and (d) a consolidated adaptation response. Subsequently, athlete adaptation is considered through examples taken from anecdotal literature and formal research studies pertaining to elite athlete adaptation. Implications are discussed for sport psychologists, mental training consultants, sport scientists, coaches, and athletes.