The review of existing research shows the health impacts of sport mainly on the cardiovascular system. Other causal relations are less firm, and results for the skeleton and accidents appear to be negative. Results of the American-German Health Study of 1985 confirm such results and indicate that sports’ interdependence with health culture is stronger than a supposedly causal impact on indicators of health status.
Günther Lüschen, William Cockerham, and Gerhard Kunz
Travis R. Bell and Jimmy Sanderson
In December 2015, the movie Concussion was released. The film portrayed the story of Dr Bennet Omalu, who is credited with discovering chromic traumatic encephalopathy in the brains of deceased National Football League players. Before the release, on December 7, 2015, Omalu penned an op-ed in The New York Times in which he opined that children should not play tackle football. This research explores 114 reader comments on Omalu’s op-ed through the lens of Nisbet’s bottom-up framing. Using a mixed-methods approach, the results indicated that participants framed the issue through health and safety, American cultural values, parenting liability, and skepticism. Linguistic analysis revealed that comments contained a negative tone, with women’s comments being more negative than men’s. The analysis suggests that online news forums function as spaces where public deliberation around the viability of children playing tackle football occurs and illustrates the tensions around risk, sport participation, and health and safety that confront parents as they grapple with the decision to let their children play tackle football
Johnny Capra and Sara LaBelle
Each year, thousands of athletes suffer from sport-related pain and injury, with many of these individuals reporting playing through this pain or injury. In order to garner a better understanding as to how youth athletes view these behaviors, as well as the communicative factors that may play a part in the formation of these beliefs, college student participants responded to an online open-ended questionnaire based on the theory of planned behavior. Participants’ (N = 64) retrospective responses were analyzed according to thematic analysis, and results revealed several distinct themes related to their held behavioral, normative, and control beliefs. This research furthers the study of playing through pain and injury in youth athletes, helping to shine a light on some of the motivating forces behind these beliefs and behaviors, as well as indicating several potential paths for the future of this research.
Parissa Safai, Jay Johnson, and John Bryans
While research and scholarship on the dynamic interconnections between sport and health has steadily grown in the sociocultural study of sport in the past few decades, this paper focuses more directly on the politics of health within sport. Drawing on a small study of the lived experiences and understandings of health, pain/injury, risk and precaution among 12 male and female high performance youth (16–19 years of age) triathletes and three coaches, we outline the ways in which health becomes depoliticized among high performance athletes as our participants made no connection to health as a political phenomenon—within or outside of sport—or to their own right to health as members of the high performance sport community. We conclude by offering some suggestions as to why health was (and is) rendered apolitical in high performance youth triathlon.
Jane E. Ruseski, Brad R. Humphreys, Kirstin Hallman, Pamela Wicker, and Christoph Breuer
A major policy goal of many ministries of sport and health is increased participation in sport to promote health. A growing literature is emerging about the benefits of sport participation on happiness. A challenge in establishing a link between sport participation and happiness is controlling for endogeneity of sport participation in the happiness equation.
This study seeks to establish causal evidence of a relationship between sport participation and self reported happiness using instrumental variables (IV).
IV estimates based on data from a 2009 population survey living in Rheinberg, Germany indicate that individuals who participate in sport have higher life happiness. The results suggest a U-shaped relationship between age and self-reported happiness. Higher income is associated with greater self-reported happiness, males are less happy than females, and single individuals are less happy than nonsingles.
Since the results are IV, this finding is interpreted as a causal relationship between sport participation and subjective well-being (SWB). This broader impact of sport participation on general happiness lends support to the policy priority of many governments to increase sport participation at all levels of the general population.
Wei Gao and Keqiang Cao
). Building a healthy China by enhancing physical activity: priorities, challenges, and strategies . Journal of Sport and Health Science , 6 ( 1 ), 125 – 126 . doi:10.1016/j.jshs.2016.10.003 30356527 10.1016/j.jshs.2016.10.003 Zhu , W. , Chi , A. , & Sun , Y. ( 2016 ). Physical activity among older
Chelsee A. Shortt, Collin A. Webster, Richard J. Keegan, Cate A. Egan, and Ali S. Brian
.M. , & Bryant , L. ( 2015 ). Contextualizing physical literacy in the school environment: The challenges . Journal of Sport and Health Science, 4 , 156 – 163 . doi:10.1016/j.jshs.2015.04.003 10.1016/j.jshs.2015.04.003 Castelli , D.M. , Centeio , E.E. , Beighle , A.E. , Carson , R.L. , & Nicksic
Elizabeth J. Durden-Myers and Margaret E. Whitehead
literate and physically educated: A rose by any other name? Journal of Sport and Health Science, 4 , 139 – 144 . doi:10.1016/j.jshs.2015.02.002 10.1016/j.jshs.2015.02.002 Lundvall , S. ( 2015 ). Physical literacy in the field of physical education—A challenge and a possibility . Journal of Sport
Kevin Mercier, Erin Centeio, Alex Garn, Heather Erwin, Risto Marttinen, and John Foley
. Journal of Sport and Health Sciences, 9 ( 4 ), 302 – 312 . PubMed ID: 32454174 doi:10.1016/j.jshs.2020.05.006 10.1016/j.jshs.2020.05.006 Casey , A. , Goodyear , V.A. , & Armour , K.M. ( 2017 ). Rethinking the relationship between pedagogy, technology and learning in health and physical education
Andrew P. Kingsnorth, Mhairi Patience, Elena Moltchanova, Dale W. Esliger, Nicola J. Paine, and Matthew Hobbs
project and the initial COVID-19 lockdown period. References Ainsworth , B.E. , & Li , F. ( 2020 ). Physical activity during the coronavirus disease-2019 global pandemic . Journal of Sport and Health Science, 9 ( 4 ), 291 – 292 . PubMed ID: 32525096 doi:10.1016/j.jshs.2020.06.004 10.1016/j