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Development and Validation of a Measure of Sport Fans’ Specific Curiosity

Seong-Hee Park, Jae-Pil Ha, and Daniel Mahony

While there is a relatively rich literature measuring curiosity outside of sport, there is little research on measuring sport fans’ curiosity. Based on Berlyne’s (1960) two dimensions of curiosity, the current research project aimed to develop a reliable and valid measurement scale for sport fans’ specific curiosity. Convenience samples of university students were used. Three studies were used to develop the 11-item Sport Fan Specific Curiosity Scale (SFSCS) was developed. Specifically, the SFSCS consisted of three factors: specific information (5 items), general information (3 items), and sport facility information (3 items). The SFSCS was found to be a reliable and valid scale to measure sport fans’ specific curiosity. The scale should be useful in predicting aspects of sport fan behavior for sport fans at various stages.

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Female Sport Fans’ Experiences of Marginalization and Empowerment

Katherine Sveinson and Larena Hoeber

Female sport fan research has been gaining momentum in recent years (e.g., Farrell, Fink, & Fields, 2011; Osborne & Coombs, 2013; Pope, 2011, 2013; Sveinson & Hoeber, 2015). Much of this research focuses on the marginalization that these sport fans experience (e.g., Crawford & Gosling, 2004; Jones, 2008; Sherlock & Elsden, 2000), with little attention given to experiences of empowerment. Therefore, this study sought to explore if female sport fans’ experiences involve marginalization, empowerment, or both and what contributes to these experiences. Multiple individual interviews were conducted with seven highly identified, displaced female sport fans. The data were analyzed through a three-step process involving open, axial, and selective coding (Strauss & Corbin, 1990). The findings demonstrated that the participants experience marginalization based on assumptions that women are inauthentic sport fans. They also felt empowered when they were able to demonstrate legitimacy and authenticity in their fanship.

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The Identity Work of Health-Conscious Sport Fans

Aaron C. Mansfield, Matthew Katz, and Elizabeth B. Delia

 al., 2018 ; Mansfield, 2020 ), and health may have an impact. Thus, the purpose of this study is to illuminate how health-conscious sport fans negotiate their multiple role identities. To this end, we conducted semistructured long interviews with 17 self-identified health-conscious sport fans, examining

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An Analysis of Identity Conflict Among Health-Conscious Sport Fans

Aaron C. Mansfield, E. Nicole Melton, and Matthew Katz

incongruence) between fan identity and health consciousness and (b) to examine whether health-conscious sport fans experience identity conflict, given evidence suggesting discrepancies between these two identities. Lock and Heere ( 2017 ) noted role identity as an area of sport consumer behavior research ripe

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The Reverse Socialization of Sport Fans: How Children Impact Their Parents’ Sport Fandom

Craig Hyatt, Shannon Kerwin, Larena Hoeber, and Katherine Sveinson

The literature on sport fans suggests that parents, most commonly fathers, have a significant influence on what teams their children come to support ( James, 2001 ; Kolbe & James, 2000 ; Spaaij & Anderson, 2010 ; Wann, 2006 ). However, in two studies involving former fans of National Hockey

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What Makes Sport Spectating Family-Friendly? A Phenomenological Study of Mothers’ Sport Fan Game-Day Experiences

Katherine Sveinson and Kim Toffoletti

; McDonald et al., 2018 ). These studies did not focus on mothers in particular; therefore, they illustrate the need to understand women’s experience as mothers and fans, as they remain underrepresented in sport fan literature ( Richards et al., 2020 ). In this study, we centralize mothers’ voices to better

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Attitudes of Sport Fans Toward the Electronic Sign-Stealing Scandal in Major League Baseball: Differing Associations With Perfectionism and Excellencism

Patrick Gaudreau and Benjamin J.I. Schellenberg

mental representations about the self and the world that should make them react differently compared with other sport fans. Therefore, in this study, we investigated how sport fans reacted to a specific, recent, and controversial cheating incident with the goal of evaluating the extent to which those who

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The Strength of Fan Ties: Emotional Support in Sport Fan Egocentric Networks

Matthew Katz, Aaron C. Mansfield, and B. David Tyler

characteristics of one’s social network ( Song, Son, & Lin, 2011 ). Consistent with a network approach to social support and well-being, we aimed to extend the study of sport spectatorship and well-being outcomes by emphasizing the role of sport fan network characteristics. Previous scholarship has linked sport

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The Role of Sport Fan Curiosity: A New Conceptual Approach to the Understanding of Sport Fan Behavior

Seong-Hee Park, Daniel Mahony, and Yu Kyoum Kim

Most literature on sport fan behaviors has focused on highly identified or loyal sport fans. While the literature has found that factors influencing current sport fans and their behaviors are related to, and based on, various psychological, social, and cultural factors, only a limited number of studies have investigated what factors initially attract individuals to consume sport. Curiosity has been found to be one of the crucial motivators that initially influence human exploratory behaviors in many domains. Using theories of curiosity, the present review aims to shed light on the role of curiosity in explaining various sport fan behaviors.

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The Measurement of Sport Fan Exploratory Curiosity

Seong Hee Park, Daniel F. Mahony, and T. Christopher Greenwell

Curiosity has been regarded as a key intrinsic motivational drive for facilitating human exploratory behaviors in many domains, such as psychology, education, and sport. However, no attempt has been made to measure curiosity in a sport context. The purpose of this study was to develop an effective and efficient sport fan exploratory curiosity scale (SFECS). A total of 657 participants were recruited and completed surveys. Various statistical analyses were used to examine the reliability and validity of the scale. The analyses resulted in a reliable and valid scale with three factors (Excitement, New Sport Events, Sport Facility) and a total of 10-items. The SFECS was useful in predicting various sport fan behaviors. Future research should be done in an effort to further refine the scale and to examine the role of curiosity in various practical areas in a sport context.