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Carl Langan-Evans, Colum Cronin, Mark A. Hearris, Kirsty J. Elliott-Sale, and James P. Morton

contributing factor is the challenge of conducting high-quality research in female demographics, due to the diversity in ovarian hormone status across the lifespan ( Elliott-Sale et al., 2021 ). Within this context, the sport nutrition practices of female athletes is one of several under-researched areas where

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Richard B. Kreider

teams employ strength and conditioning specialists and sport dietitians or sport-nutrition consultants to help prepare their athletes. This paper provides and overview of the history and primary roles that strength and conditioning specialists and sports nutritionists play on the performance

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Alba Reguant-Closa, Margaret M. Harris, Tim G. Lohman, and Nanna L. Meyer

designed by Dr. Nanna Meyer and the Sport Nutrition Graduate Program at the University of Colorado-Colorado Springs, in collaboration with the United States Olympic Committee (USOC; Figure  1 ). The aim of the AP is to help sports dietitians working with athletes and athletes themselves adjust their food

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Mahsa Jessri, Maryam Jessri, Bahram RashidKhani, and Caryn Zinn

The purpose of this study was to assess the nutrition knowledge and the factors determining this knowledge in Iranian college basketball and football athletes. By highlighting gaps in nutrition knowledge of these athletes, sport nutrition professionals may begin to address these gaps by educating athletes with a view toward minimizing injury and enhancing sport performance. Sixty-six basketball and 141 football players (response rate 78.4%) from 4 medical and 8 nonmedical universities in Tehran agreed to participate in this cross-sectional study. A 2-part questionnaire was used; the first part comprised questions identifying demographic information, and the second part comprised a previously well-validated questionnaire on sport nutrition knowledge. The overall knowledge score was 33.2% (± 12.3%). Men scored 28.2% (± 12.7%), and women, 38.7% (± 14.2%). In both genders, the highest score was obtained for the nutrients subcategory, and the supplements subcategory was the most poorly answered. When compared with their peers, a significantly higher score was obtained by women (p < .001), athletes at medical universities (p < .001), and those obtaining nutrition information from reputable sources (p = .03). The coach was cited by 89.4% of athletes as their main source of nutrition information. This study showed that the sport nutrition knowledge of these athletes is inadequate. Considering that this substandard level of knowledge may contribute to poor dietary behaviors, these athletes would benefit from nutrition-related training and education.

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Professor James A. Betts

As we enter a new decade with our first issue of 2020, this short editorial serves to announce a number of important developments at International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism (IJSNEM). I should start by noting that you are not presently reading the words of Professor Ronald

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Gina L. Trakman, Adrienne Forsyth, Kane Middleton, Russell Hoye, Sarah Jenner, Stephen Keenan, and Regina Belski

-4046(06)60150-4 Andrews , M.C. , & Itsiopoulos , C. ( 2016 ). Room for improvement in nutrition knowledge and dietary intake of male football (soccer) players in Australia . International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 26 ( 1 ), 55 – 64 . PubMed ID: 26251549 doi:10.1123/ijsnem.2015-0064 10

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Debra M. Vinci

This paper presents an overview of the Husky Sport Nutrition Program at the University of Washington. This program is a component of the Department of Intercollegiate Athletics Total Student–Athlete Program, an NCAA-sponsored CHAMPS/Life Skills Program that provides life skills assistance to student–athletes. Successful integration of a sport nutrition program requires an understanding of the athletic culture, physiological milestones, and life stressors faced by college athletes. The sport nutritionist functions as an educator, counselor, and administrator. Team presentations and individual nutrition counseling provide athletes with accurate information on healthy eating behaviors for optimal performance. For women's sports, a multidisciplinary team including the sport nutritionist, team physician, clinical psychologist, and athletic trainer work to prevent and treat eating disorders. Case studies are presented illustrating the breadth of nutrition-related issues faced by a sport nutritionist working with college athletes.

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Maria Heikkilä, Raisa Valve, Mikko Lehtovirta, and Mikael Fogelholm

 al. ( 2014 ), the coaches aged 51 and older obtained significantly higher scores than the younger coaches. One explanation for the higher nutrition knowledge scores of the younger coaches in the Finnish study population might be that, in general, the role of sport nutrition in coaching education has recently

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Edited by Melvin H. Williams

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Melinda M. Manore