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Controlled Evaluation of an Optimization Approach to Mental Health and Sport Performance

Brad Donohue, Yulia Gavrilova, Marina Galante, Elena Gavrilova, Travis Loughran, Jesse Scott, Graig Chow, Christopher P. Plant, and Daniel N. Allen

, Jowett, & Meyer, 2013 ; Turrisi, Mastroleo, Mallett, Larimer, & Kilmer, 2007 ) and sport performance ( Donohue, Miller, Crammer, Cross, & Covassin, 2007 ), very few mental health centers are estimated to be family-oriented ( Reetz et al., 2016 ). To assist athletes’ access to mental health care

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The Organizational Effect of Prenatal Testosterone Upon Gender Role Identity and Mental Toughness in Female Athletes

Jenny Meggs, Mark Chen, and Danielle Mounfield

psychological variables remain worthy of further consideration. The 2D4D has been shown to be predictive of sporting performance ( Meggs & Golby, 2011 ). This could be because the nature of sport performance involves male-typical physical and psychological qualities (e.g., strength, cardiovascular capabilities

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Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor and Psychophysiological Response in Youth Badminton Athletes During the Season

Arilene M.S. Santos, Alberto J. Maldonado, Antônio V.M. de Sousa Junior, Susi O.S. Brito, Rayane C. de Moura, Caique Figueiredo, Paula A. Monteiro, Lucas M. Neves, Ismael F. Freitas Junior, Marcos A.P. dos Santos, Sergio L.G. Ribeiro, and Fabrício E. Rossi

in sBDNF, although they would improve their physiology and psychological response during the season and (2) the badminton players would show a significant relationship between the sBDNF and psychophysiological variables and sport performance across the season. Methods Subjects All participants were

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Inhibitory Control Across Athletic Expertise and Its Relationship With Sport Performance

Jack Hagyard, Jack Brimmell, Elizabeth J. Edwards, and Robert S. Vaughan

a review), nor examined how robust the effect of expertise is longitudinally. In addition, the impact of inhibitory control on sport performance remains unclear. The current two-part study aimed to address these issues. Inhibitory Control Executive function can be defined as a multicomponent

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Collegiate Athletes’ Perceptions of the Connection Between Mental Health and Sport Performance: A Qualitative Investigation

Kelzie E. Beebe, Trent A. Petrie, Heather R. Kiefer, Lindsey E. Slavin, and Macey L. Arnold

statements, the authors have highlighted the increasing prevalence of mental health disorders among athletes, outlined principles of clinical response efforts (e.g., treatment team constituents, mental health screening), and described how such mental health concerns could affect sport performance. Directly

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Mindful Sport Performance Enhancement: Randomized Controlled Trial of a Mental Training Program With Collegiate Athletes

Carol R. Glass, Claire A. Spears, Rokas Perskaudas, and Keith A. Kaufman

acceptance of unpleasant internal states ( Gardner & Moore, 2004 , 2007 ; Kaufman, Glass, & Arnkoff, 2009 ), which is a central tenet of mindfulness-based interventions. Mindfulness skills appear especially well-matched to sport performance enhancement. As Gordhamer ( 2014 ) contended, “The benefits of

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Applications of Data Literacy to Course Design in Sport Performance Analytics

Nathan David Pifer, Angela Lumpkin, and Thomas Henry

that they remain competitive in job markets where analytical skill sets are required. However, the multidisciplinary nature of sport management has left the concept of sports analytics open to a variety of interpretations (e.g., sport performance analytics or sport business analytics), creating gaps in

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Emotion Regulation and Sport Performance

Christopher R. D. Wagstaff

This study used a single-blind, within-participant, counterbalanced, repeated-measures design to examine the relationship between emotional self-regulation and sport performance. Twenty competitive athletes completed four laboratory-based conditions; familiarization, control, emotion suppression, and nonsuppression. In each condition participants completed a 10-km cycling time trial requiring self-regulation. In the experimental conditions participants watched an upsetting video before performing the cycle task. When participants suppressed their emotional reactions to the video (suppression condition) they completed the cycling task slower, generated lower mean power outputs, and reached a lower maximum heart rate and perceived greater physical exertion than when they were given no self-regulation instructions during the video (nonsuppression condition) and received no video treatment (control condition). The findings suggest that emotional self-regulation resource impairment affects perceived exertion, pacing and sport performance and extends previous research examining the regulation of persistence on physical tasks. The results are discussed in line with relevant psychophysiological theories of self-regulation and fatigue and pertinent potential implications for practice regarding performance and well-being are suggested.

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Making the Final Shot: The Role of Passion and Integrated Temporal Positivity in Last-Second Sport Performance

Anna Sverdlik, Robert J. Vallerand, Ariane St-Louis, Michael Sam Tion, and Geneviève Porlier

perspectives in sport psychology. As will be seen, we posit that the adaptive use of all temporal perspectives is essential in sport performance. Further, passionate individuals should be more likely to make use of such a temporal analysis as they care deeply about their performance and thus should spend time

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The Relationship between Observable Self-Talk and Competitive Junior Tennis Players' Match Performances

Judy L. Van Raalte, Britten W. Brewer, Patricia M. Rivera, and Albert J. Petitpas

In sport psychology, there is broad interest in cognitive factors that affect sport performance. The purpose of this research was to examine one such factor, self-talk, in competitive sport performance. Twenty-four junior tennis players were observed during tournament matches. Their observable self-talk, gestures, and match scores were recorded. Players also described their positive, negative, and other thoughts on a postmatch questionnaire. A descriptive analysis of the self-talk and gestures that occurred during competition was generated. It was found that negative self-talk was associated with losing and that players who reported believing in the utility of self-talk won more points than players who did not. These results suggest that self-talk influences competitive sport outcomes. The importance of "believing" in self-talk and the potential motivational and detrimental effects of negative self-talk on performance are discussed.