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Hannah Cooper and Stacy Winter

Disordered eating is a psychological ailment that befalls many athletes and can persist into retirement. Links have been established between disordered eating and societal and sport-specific pressures; however, little research has focused on the perspective of retired athletes in a time-based sport. The purpose of the current research was to explore the conceptualization of disordered eating in relation to swimming participation, how retirement affects eating patterns, and ways to mitigate disordered eating. Following IPA methodological guidelines, a homogeneous sample of retired swimmers (N = 6) was chosen for semistructured, participant-driven interviews determined by scores on a disordered-eating questionnaire. Three superordinate themes were revealed: (1) pressures unique to swimming, (2) transition to eating pattern awareness, and (3) maintaining ideal eating patterns in retirement. The results revealed a combination of novel findings and expansion of previous data on disordered eating. Suggestions for applications of current findings and for future research are also discussed.

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Susan L. Greendorfer and Elaine M. Blinde

Survey data from 1,123 former intercollegiate athletes (427 males and 697 females) were examined relative to commitment to a sport role, educational and occupational preparation, postcareer sport participation, social interests, and adjustment to sport retirement. Chi-square and factor analyses revealed that the former athletes in this study did not totally withdraw from the system of sport, that some shifting or reprioritization of interests occurred during their athletic career, and that the process of leaving sport may be more gradual or transitional than previously believed. Patterns obtained were similar for both males and females, and there was little evidence to suggest these athletes experienced adjustment difficulties. In light of these findings, an alternative conceptualization of the sport “retirement” process is offered.

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Jimmy Sanderson and Katie Brown

. Jewett , R. , Kerr , G. , & Tamminen , K . ( 2019 ). University sport retirement and athlete mental health: A narrative analysis . Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise, and Health, 11 ( 3 ), 416 – 433 . doi:10.1080/2159676X.2018.1506497 10.1080/2159676X.2018.1506497 LaFerney , D . ( 2016

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Stephanie L. Barrett and Trent A. Petrie

). For athletes who have foreclosed on their identity while active competitors, or have sustained a high level of this identity as they transition out of sport, retirement can be particularly difficult ( Buckley, Hall, Lassemillante, Ackerman, & Belski, 2019 ; Pearson & Petitpas, 1990 ) and be

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Jim Denison

freedom and existence are separate from politics. In fact, if anything, in writing about such topics as sport retirement ( Denison, 1996 ), the coach-athlete relationship ( Denison, 2007 ), and planning ( Denison, 2010 ), my aim has been to de-subjectify experience in an effort to problematize the

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Sophie Knights, Emma Sherry, Mandy Ruddock-Hudson, and Paul O’Halloran

the time they concluded their career. Sport Retirement Defined Retirement is defined as withdrawing oneself from a specific activity ( Brady, 1988 ). Sport retirement is defined as the separation of an athlete from their sport ( DiCamilli, 2000 ). Sport retirement can either have a positive or

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Simon Rice, Matt Butterworth, Matti Clements, Daniel Josifovski, Sharyn Arnold, Cecily Schwab, Kerryn Pennell, and Rosemary Purcell

from sport, retirement from sport, social isolation when traveling and competing internationally in an individual sport, and relationship difficulties with coaching staff or with the broader national sporting organization. Program Reflexivity Implementation of the Mental Health Referral Network has

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Steven M. Ortiz

to learn much later that the nature of commitment to the sport marriage severely limits their options for personal fulfillment. Because of the physically demanding nature of a career in professional sport, retirement happens at a fairly young age. For example, the average length of an NFL career

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Zachary C. Merz, Joanne E. Perry, and Michael J. Ross

an adjustment disorder, with many exhibiting more depressive symptomatology (e.g., depressed mood, lack of enjoyment, irritability, and sleep disturbances). This pattern is consistent with previous research, which estimates that, following sport retirement, 15–20% of elite athletes experience

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Michelle Pannor Silver

). University sport retirement and athlete mental health: A narrative analysis . Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, 11 ( 3 ), 416 – 433 . doi:10.1080/2159676x.2018.1506497 10.1080/2159676X.2018.1506497 Jones , R.L. , Glintmeyer , N. , & McKenzie , A. ( 2005 ). Slim bodies, eating