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Sport Sociology, In Question1

Joshua I. Newman

directions with respect to scientific associations. By associations in our theories and interpretive practices from food science, geography, environmental sciences, physics, and kinesiology with the prevailing praxes of sport sociology, we are creating new lines of flight 8 from which to better know and

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Through the Decades: Critical Race Theory and Pathways Forward in Sport Sociology Research

Jonathan E. Howe, Ajhanai C.I. Keaton, Sayvon J.L. Foster, and A. Lamont Williams

past 40 years. Lastly, we discuss the future of CRT in sport sociology research and argue the relevance of CRT in a post “racial reckoning” summer of 2020 society, a society implementing book bans (among other changes) to halt the racial consciousness of future generations, while also idealizing anti

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Assessing a Two-Pronged Approach to Active Learning in Sport Sociology Classrooms

Emily Dane-Staples

meeting the demands of 21st century education. Using an applied research design, this study explored how the manipulation of physical space and various typologies of active learning strategies were perceived by students in two classes that teach sport sociology content. Literature Review Building from

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Sport Management and the Interdependence with Sport Sociology: Sport as a Social Product

James E. Bryant

This perspective suggests that sport management is interdependent with sport sociology as specialization areas, and that in order for researchers in sport management to understand the social product of sport it is critical that they recognize a positive theoretical relationship between sport management and sport sociology. This paper outlines examples of sport management interdependence with sport sociology through brief discussions including deviance and ethics, economics, social stratification, patriarchy, race and ethnicity, and marketing and research. Through these examples it is suggested that sport sociology provides a base for those in sport management to achieve an understanding of the social product of sport.

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Some Contributions of Sport Sociology to the Marketing of Sport and Leisure Organizations

Andrew Yiannakis

This paper presents a detailed analysis of the contributions of sport sociology to the marketing of sport and leisure organizations. In particular, the major steps that comprise the marketing enterprise are reviewed, from the identification of product marketing features to the monitoring of the marketing environment, and the potential contributions of sport sociology at each phase of the process are discussed.

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Men Studying Masculinity: Some Epistemological Issues in Sport Sociology

Michael A. Messner

This paper evaluates a growing genre of studies of masculinity and sport. It is argued that sport sociology, like sociology in general, has become more gender conscious but not necessarily more feminist. Feminist critiques of objectivism and value-free sociology and feminist calls for a values-based feminist standpoint are discussed. Two responses to feminism by male scholars—antifeminist masculinism and profeminism—are discussed and critically analyzed. Finally, it is argued that studies of masculinity and sport are more likely to tell a true story if they are grounded in an inclusive feminism, which utilizes multiple standpoints that take into account the intersections of class, race, gender, and other systems of domination and subordination.

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Desperately Seeking Michel: Foucault’s Genealogy, the Body, and Critical Sport Sociology

David L. Andrews

This paper focuses on the theoretical and substantive innovations developed by Michel Foucault, and specifically his understanding of the disciplined nature of bodily existence. Foucault’s understanding of the human body is then linked to the critical discourse within sport sociology. This illustrates how his research has been appropriated by critical scholars in the past and briefly outlines how his work could be used to develop innovative research agendas. The paper concludes by putting the onus on the critical element within sport sociology to confront poststructuralist and postmodernist theorizing, such as Foucault’s genealogy. This is the only way to ensure the intellectual development of a critical, and legitimate, sport sociology.

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Sport Sociology That Matters: Imperatives and Challenges for the 1990s

Howard L. Nixon II

The development of “a sport sociology that matters” requires sport sociologists to confront and make fundamental decisions about major imperatives and challenges that implicitly or explicitly can be found in recent work in the field. Five major imperatives are discussed: the relevance imperative, the cultural interpretive imperative, the critical imperative, the engagement imperative, and the application imperative. While the list is not assumed to be exhaustive or definitive, these imperatives are believed to be sufficiently provocative to pose significant challenges to conventional approaches to sport sociology and perhaps general sociology as well. The imperatives are discussed in relation to two major recent controversies in and about sport sociology, concerning the need for a cultural studies approach and the need for a more applied sociology of sport. The implications and risks of accepting the challenges implied or stated in the imperatives are assessed.

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Sport Sociology, NASSS, and Undergraduate Education in the United States: A Social Network Perspective for Developing the Field

Howard L. Nixon

There has been no research about the prevalence of undergraduate sport sociology courses or about the links between NASSS and the institutions and faculty offering these courses. This article begins to fill this research gap. It uses a social network perspective to show how NASSS is connected to the “idea space” of undergraduate sport sociology courses in the U.S. and to the “social space” of institutions and instructors offering these courses. The data concern the prevalence, distribution, and content of undergraduate sport sociology courses in the U.S. and their connection to NASSS. A “call to action” for NASSS is proposed, especially in terms of how NASSS could expand its social network and its influence over the curricular idea space of sport sociology by reaching out to instructors of sport sociology courses. Suggestions for related future research are also proposed.

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We Walk the Line: An Analysis of the Problems and Possibilities of Work at the Sport Psychology-Sport Sociology Nexus

Ted M. Butryn, Nicole M. LaVoi, Kerri J. Kauer, Tamar Z. Semerjian, and Jennifer J. Waldron

Over the past decade, a growing number of scholars in sport psychology and sport sociology have begun forging inter- and transdiciplinary research lines that attempt to follow Ingham, Blissmer, and Wells Davidson’s (1998) call for a coming together of the sport sociological and sport psychological imaginations. This paper presents the results of a thematic analysis of the stories of five early-to midcareer academics who have lived at/through the boundaries of these two sub disciplines of Kinesiology. Following an introduction in which we attempt to situate the two subdisciplines within the larger field of Kinesiology, we present a thematic analysis of the five individual stories, and attempt to tie them to the politicized boundaries and related spaces of tensions faced by those wishing to do the kind of interdisciplinary or transdisciplinary work advocated recently by the emerging areas of cultural sport psychology (CSP) and physical cultural studies (PCS).