Numerous studies examining the portrayals of gender, race, and nationality in sports commentary have been conducted through the years; however, comparative analyses of commentaries from different countries have been rare. This study examined commentary from 3 different countries (the U.S., Chinese Taipei, and South Korea) during a Major League Baseball (MLB) World Series. An entertainment theory schema was adopted and the 3 countries were categorized based on dispositional relativity (affiliation) with MLB. Findings indicate that South Korean broadcasts, which had the lowest affiliation with MLB, were biased toward the Boston Red Sox and presented the most evaluative commentaries; U.S. commentaries were generally positive and contained the largest portion of informative comments; and Chinese commentaries were unbiased and also provided a large number of informative comments. This implies that sports games using the same visual images can be framed differently by commentators based on the disposition (affiliation) level of audiences.
Chang Wan Woo, Jung Kyu Kim, Cynthia Nichols and Lu Zheng
Shuhua Zhou, Jie Xu and Yinjiao Ye
This article first explicates the concept of sports enjoyment and then reviews the literature on the many facets of sports commentary regarding its general content and effects. An experimental study was designed to test whether complimentary or conflicting commentary, as well as game knowledge, and playing experience contributed to game enjoyment, perceived liking of the commentary, and perceived action in the game. Results partially supported the hypotheses. Specifically, commentary type had a significant impact on viewers’ liking of the commentary but had no impact on game enjoyment or perceived action in the game, game knowledge increased game enjoyment but had no impact on the other two dependent variables, and playing experience had a positive impact on perceived action in the game but had no impact on the other two variables. Implications are discussed.
Bryan E. Denham, Andrew C. Billings and Kelby K. Halone
A consistent finding in studies surrounding sports commentary on white and black athletes is that (a) white athletes are frequently praised for their perceived “intellect” and “leadership capacity,” while (b) black athletes are often praised for being “naturally talented” (Davis & Harris, 1998). A mediated conclusion that one could derive from such findings is that black athletes are expected to succeed athletically; conversely, white athletes are expected to have an innate ability to overcome seemingly insurmountable odds to accomplish their athletic stature. This study examined the broadcast commentary surrounding white and black athletes at the 2000 NCAA Men’s and Women’s Final Four College Basketball Tournaments. The content analysis of 1,118 descriptors embedded in commentator discourse revealed that, while black athletes continue to be praised for their athleticism and physicality, they also are receiving a greater number of comments about their intelligence and ability to lead.
Craig A. Williams
-sport athletes. Single-sport-specialized athletes in individual sports also reported higher training volumes and greater rates of overuse injuries than single-sport-specialized athletes in team sports. Commentary This paper was selected because it highlights some of the current debate between proponents for
David G. Behm
athletes in individual sports also reported higher training volumes and greater rates of overuse injuries than single-sport specialized athletes in team sports. Commentary Typically, sports organizations and athletes that are successful in accumulating national or international medals and acclaim receive
Thomas Horky, Marianna Baranovskaa, Christoph G. Grimmer, Honorata Jakubowska and Barbara Stelzner
, D. ( 1977 ). Drama in sports commentary . Journal of Communication, 27 ( 3 ), 140 – 149 . doi:10.1111/j.1460-2466.1977.tb02140.x 10.1111/j.1460-2466.1977.tb02140.x Bryant , J. , Comisky , P.W. , & Zillmann , D. ( 1981 ). The appeal of rough-and-tumble play in televised professional
Dustin A. Hahn, Matthew S. VanDyke and R. Glenn Cummins
. International Journal of Sport Communication, 9 , 424 – 439 . doi:10.1123/IJSC.2016-0080 10.1123/IJSC.2016-0080 Schmidt , A. , & Coe , K. ( 2014 ). Old and new forms of racial bias in mediated sports commentary: The case of the National Football League draft . Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic