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Kun Liang

this study has been provided by Levy and Leifheit-Limson ( 2009 ) through their conceptualization of the stereotype embodiment theory. According to this theory, negative physical aging stereotypes and their resultant aging expectations should have an adverse effect on physical functioning in old age

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Rachael C. Stone, Zina Rakhamilova, William H. Gage and Joseph Baker

, & Hopman-Rock, 2011 ; McPhee et al., 2016 ). The process by which these hardy beliefs develop and operate has been outlined by Stereotype Embodiment Theory, which posits that age stereotypes are internalized after repeated exposure and consistent reinforcement across the lifespan ( Levy, 2009 ). Previous

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Amy E. Burton, Louise Clancy and Lisa Cowap

self-directed stereotypes which can be considered a specific type of social norm. Self-directed aging stereotype is not unique to older people with sight loss. Stereotype Embodiment Theory proposes that age stereotypes, prevalent in Western cultures, can be internalized by individuals across the

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Ann-Kristin Beyer, Maja Wiest and Susanne Wurm

of the underlying pathways is needed for a better understanding of exactly how SPA affect health and longevity. The behavioral pathway, proposed by Levy ( 2009 ) in the stereotype embodiment theory, assumes that health behavior mediates the SPA–health link. Older persons with more positive SPA are

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Allyson Brothers and Manfred Diehl

program is guided by two complementary theoretical frameworks. First, Stereotype Embodiment Theory (SEB; Levy, 2009 ) holds that NVOA become self-relevant in midlife, and subsequently lead to undesirable outcomes with regard to health and well-being. Therefore, Aging Plus aims to interrupt this sequence

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Rajni Rai, Michelle I. Jongenelis, Ben Jackson, Robert U. Newton and Simone Pettigrew

Psychology, 13 ( 4 ), 659 – 681 . doi:10.1348/135910707X246186 10.1348/135910707X246186 Levy , B. ( 2009 ). Stereotype embodiment: A psychosocial approach to aging . Current Directions in Psychological Science, 18 ( 6 ), 332 – 336 . PubMed ID: 20802838 doi:10.1111/j.1467-8721.2009.01662.x 10.1111/j