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Michael R. McGuigan, Glenn A. Wright and Steven J. Fleck

The use of strength training designed to increase underlying strength and power qualities in elite athletes in an attempt to improve athletic performance is commonplace. Although the extent to which strength and power are important to sports performance may vary depending on the activity, the associations between these qualities and performance have been well documented in the literature. The purpose of this review is to provide a brief overview of strength training research to determine if it really helps improve athletic performance. While there is a need for more research with elite athletes to investigate the relationship between strength training and athletic performance, there is sufficient evidence for strength training programs to continue to be an integral part of athletic preparation in team sports.

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Simone Pettigrew, Elissa Burton, Kaela Farrier, Anne-Marie Hill, Liz Bainbridge, Gill Lewin, Phil Airey and Keith Hill

Worldwide, the facilitation of healthy aging is a policy priority in an attempt to manage the substantial growth in health system costs forecast to result from population aging ( World Health Organization, 2015 ). Physical activity is critical to healthy aging, and strength training is a

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Nicolas Berryman, Iñigo Mujika, Denis Arvisais, Marie Roubeix, Carl Binet and Laurent Bosquet

described as a percentage of VO 2 max or maximal heart rate. 3 , 4 In recent years, however, convincing evidence has emerged indicating that strength training may also have a positive impact on middle- and long-distance performance (running, cycling, cross-country skiing) and its key determinants for

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Mehrez Hammami, Nawel Gaamouri, Gaith Aloui, Roy J. Shephard and Mohamed Souhaiel Chelly

strength training program (CSTP) alternates high-load weight training with plyometric exercises, 8 the idea being to use the slow heavy movements to recruit the nervous system maximally and to take advantage of that recruitment in subsequent fast exercise. Ronnestad et al 9 found that plyometric training

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Hayden J. Pritchard, Matthew J. Barnes, Robin J. Stewart, Justin W. Keogh and Michael R. McGuigan

tapering strategy. 7 , 10 – 12 Häkkinen et al 7 demonstrated that a 1-week volume-reduced (by 50%) taper following 2 weeks of strength training was able to improve maximal force and electromyographic activity in the 5 strongest participants with no changes observed in the remaining 5 participants. Gibala

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Peter Ibbott, Nick Ball, Marijke Welvaert and Kevin G. Thompson

training stimulus. During heavy resistance training, interset rest periods are one such variable that aims to provide the athlete with sufficient rest to successfully complete the subsequent repetitions. 10 For heavy strength training, rest periods of 3 to 5 minutes are commonly prescribed 11 , 12 as a

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Kazuhiro Harada, Koichiro Oka, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Yoshio Nakamura, Shigeru Inoue and Teruichi Shimomitsu

The authors examined the relationship between strength-training behavior and perceived environment in older Japanese adults. An Internet-based survey was conducted of 293 adults age 68.2 ± 2.8 yr. The dependent variable was regular strength-training behavior. The IPAQ environment module, access to facilities for strength training, and home equipment for strength training were environmental factors. Logistic-regression analysis was employed. After demographic variables (gender, age, educational background, household income, body-mass index, self-rated health status, smoking habit, and residential area) were adjusted for, home equipment for strength training (OR = 2.14, 95% CI = 1.50–3.06), access to facilities for strength training (OR = 2.53, 95% CI = 1.32–4.85), and observing active people (OR = 2.20, 95% CI = 1.06–4.58) were positively correlated with regular strength-training behavior. In conclusion, environmental factors associated with strength-training behavior were access to facilities for strength training, having home equipment for strength training, and observing active people.

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Oliver Gonzalo-Skok, Alejandro Moreno-Azze, José Luis Arjol-Serrano, Julio Tous-Fajardo and Chris Bishop

current study was to compare the effects of performing different unilateral strength training interventions on unilateral horizontal, triple unilateral horizontal, bilateral and unilateral vertical jumping, and their related asymmetries in young soccer players. Methods Subjects Forty-five male young (U-17

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Scott R. Brown, Erin R. Feldman, Matt R. Cross, Eric R. Helms, Bruno Marrier, Pierre Samozino and Jean-Benoît Morin

been related to sprint acceleration performance via global F H 8 ; therefore, a strength and conditioning practitioner might target the development of this capacity to improve global F H production. 9 Both examples illustrate the same theoretical undertones of targeted strength training for

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Rochelle Rocha Costa, Adriana Cristine Koch Buttelli, Alexandra Ferreira Vieira, Leandro Coconcelli, Rafael de Lima Magalhães, Rodrigo Sudatti Delevatti and Luiz Fernando Martins Kruel

and high-intensity interval training. 10 However, among the 3 most investigated protocols (aerobic, strength, and combined), aerobic and combined training are preferred over isolated strength training (ST), the latter being indicated as a complement to aerobic training rather than a primary