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Michael R. McGuigan, Glenn A. Wright, and Steven J. Fleck

The use of strength training designed to increase underlying strength and power qualities in elite athletes in an attempt to improve athletic performance is commonplace. Although the extent to which strength and power are important to sports performance may vary depending on the activity, the associations between these qualities and performance have been well documented in the literature. The purpose of this review is to provide a brief overview of strength training research to determine if it really helps improve athletic performance. While there is a need for more research with elite athletes to investigate the relationship between strength training and athletic performance, there is sufficient evidence for strength training programs to continue to be an integral part of athletic preparation in team sports.

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Simone Pettigrew, Elissa Burton, Kaela Farrier, Anne-Marie Hill, Liz Bainbridge, Gill Lewin, Phil Airey, and Keith Hill

Worldwide, the facilitation of healthy aging is a policy priority in an attempt to manage the substantial growth in health system costs forecast to result from population aging ( World Health Organization, 2015 ). Physical activity is critical to healthy aging, and strength training is a

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Maja Zamoscinska, Irene R. Faber, and Dirk Büsch

end the necessary treatment. 17 , 18 Therefore, it seems sensible to search for an alternative solution to treat reduced BMD with less or without negative side effects. One of the proposed alternatives to supplements/medicine is strength training. 9 , 19 Strength training indeed is suggested to

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Wigand Poppendieck, Melissa Wegmann, Anne Hecksteden, Alexander Darup, Jan Schimpchen, Sabrina Skorski, Alexander Ferrauti, Michael Kellmann, Mark Pfeiffer, and Tim Meyer

training. 6 For strength training adaptations, Yamane et al 5 , 7 found detrimental effects of regular cooling after 4 to 6 weeks of forearm training. Fröhlich et al 8 observed reduced adaptations after 5 weeks of leg strength training for cooling compared with control. Those studies used a within

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Manuel Santiago Martin, Fernando Pareja Blanco, and Eduardo Saez De Villarreal

, combined resistance, plyometric and speed training, and combining dry-land and in-water-specific strength training. 5 – 8 Several studies have analyzed the effects of different training methods on athletic performance in WP players. 5 – 8 For example, Ramos-Veliz et al 5 reported that elite male WP

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Nicolas Berryman, Iñigo Mujika, Denis Arvisais, Marie Roubeix, Carl Binet, and Laurent Bosquet

described as a percentage of VO 2 max or maximal heart rate. 3 , 4 In recent years, however, convincing evidence has emerged indicating that strength training may also have a positive impact on middle- and long-distance performance (running, cycling, cross-country skiing) and its key determinants for

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Danny Lum and Tiago M. Barbosa

time. Many studies investigating the effects of heavy weights and explosive strength have shown improved OTBS performance with increased muscular strength or power also. 19 , 26 – 30 Therefore, strength training seems to be an efficient and practical method for enhancing OTBS performance. Some

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Mehrez Hammami, Nawel Gaamouri, Gaith Aloui, Roy J. Shephard, and Mohamed Souhaiel Chelly

strength training program (CSTP) alternates high-load weight training with plyometric exercises, 8 the idea being to use the slow heavy movements to recruit the nervous system maximally and to take advantage of that recruitment in subsequent fast exercise. Ronnestad et al 9 found that plyometric training

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Yasmín Ezzatvar, Joaquín Calatayud, Lars L. Andersen, and José Casaña

, few studies have been focused on the modifiable factors associated with MP among this occupational group. There is a growing body of literature that recognizes strength training as a cornerstone for the management and prevention of several health disorders. Strength training can prevent and

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Marco Beato, Sergio Maroto-Izquierdo, Anthony N. Turner, and Chris Bishop

Scientific Rationale and Justification of Strength Training Strategies for Injury Prevention in Soccer The high participation level in soccer with over 265 million FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association)–registered players worldwide, together with its challenging physical demands