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Lee Baldock, Brendan Cropley, Rich Neil, and Stephen D. Mellalieu

right (e.g.,  Thelwell et al., 2008 ), as failure to cope effectively with the demands they experience can lead to detrimental implications for their performance and how they function in their wider lives. It is with the knowledge of such stress-related outcomes that a range of empirical studies have

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Mustafa Sarkar and Nathan K. Hilton

, Cicchetti, & Becker 2000 ). Most recently, psychological resilience has been defined as “the role of mental processes and behavior in promoting personal assets and protecting an individual from the potential negative effect of stressors” ( Fletcher & Sarkar, 2012 , p. 675, 2013 , p. 16). This definition

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Lewis King, Sarah Jane Cullen, Jean McArdle, Adrian McGoldrick, Jennifer Pugh, Giles Warrington, and Ciara Losty

For athletes, competing in elite sport can be a stressful experience. A host of studies over the past 30 years have explored stressors among elite athletes across multiple sports and a range of competition levels to better understand the demands athletes experience throughout their careers (e

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Brian V. Gallagher and Frank L. Gardner

The present study examined the relationship between cognitive vulnerabilities, coping strategy, and emotional response to athletic injury among 40 NCAA Division I injured athletes. It was hypothesized that the presence of early maladaptive schemas (EMS) and avoidant coping strategies would predict greater emotional distress among injured athletes. Early maladaptive schemas were assessed by the Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form, which injured athletes completed upon injury. Coping strategies were measured by the Coping Response Inventory Adult Form, which was completed upon the completion of recovery. The Profile of Mood States was used to assess mood, and was completed during three phases of injury: upon injury, middle of rehabilitation, and upon recovery. As predicted, hierarchical multiple regression analysis demonstrate that EMSs and avoidance-focused coping were associated with higher levels of negative mood among injured athletes. The results also indicate that the relationship between EMS and mood vary based on the phase of injury, suggesting that different EMSs are differentially related to subtle differences in stressors encountered during each phase of the injury process.

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Lisa-Marie Rückel, Benjamin Noël, André Jungen, Sebastian Brückner, Bernd Strauss, and Stefanie Klatt

In this case study, we indicate the importance of identifying stressors, reactions to such stress, and coping strategies of elite volleyball referees in order to maintain performance, decision making, and well-being. As in line with the transactional model of stress by Lazarus and Folkman ( 1984

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Shona L. Halson, Renee N. Appaneal, Marijke Welvaert, Nirav Maniar, and Michael K. Drew

intake, social media/computer game use, jetlag, muscle soreness, injury, and/or stress and anxiety. 9 – 11 Psychological stress is anecdotally reported to be a significant contributor to poor sleep in athletes; however, very little data are available to support this contention in elite athletes. To our

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Robert T. Pearson, Timothy Baghurst, and Mwarumba Mwavita

). Coaching at the intercollegiate level is tenuous at best, and the many expectations of the profession may lead to stress and eventually burnout ( Kelley & Baghurst, 2009 ; Tashman, Tenenbaum, & Eklund, 2010 ). Stress occurs when the demands of a job or situation exceed an individual’s perceived

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Brendan Cropley, Lee Baldock, Stephen D. Mellalieu, Rich Neil, Christopher Robert David Wagstaff, and Ross Wadey

This study aimed to gain an insight into the general coping strategies used by sport psychology consultants (SPCs) based in the UK, and an in-depth understanding of their development and impact. To achieve these aims a mixed-method approach was adopted by means of two linked studies. In study one, BASES accredited and/or BPS chartered SPCs (n = 29) completed the modified COPE inventory (Crocker & Graham, 1995) to gain a better understanding of the general coping strategies used by practitioners. In study two, follow-up interviews (n = 6) with participants sampled from study one were conducted to explore how the reported strategies were developed, the perceived impact of coping/not coping with stressors, and how future SPCs may be better prepared for the stressful nature of consultancy. Findings suggested that the participants had a statistically significant preference to using problem-focused coping strategies. Further, the interviews suggested that coping strategies were primarily developed through reflection on experiences in different contexts. The impacts of coping/not coping and the practical development implications raised are discussed.

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J.D. DeFreese, Michael J. Baum, Julianne D. Schmidt, Benjamin M. Goerger, Nikki Barczak, Kevin M. Guskiewicz, and Jason P. Mihalik

worthy of empirical consideration within baseline concussion testing protocols is psychological stress. Psychological stress is a maladaptive experience characterized by a perceived imbalance of situational demands and individual resources to manage or cope with these demands. 15 The transactional

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Teri J. Hepler and Matt Andre

?” Stress in Sport One potential factor that may influence decision making, especially in regards to decisions made in critical situations, is stress. Generally speaking, stress refers to experiences that are emotionally and physically challenging ( McEwen, 2007 ). Stress may affect decision making through