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Sijie Tan, Jianxiong Wang and Shanshan Liu

The purpose of this study was to establish the one-repetition maximum (1RM) prediction equations of a biceps curl, bench press, and squat from the submaximal skeletal muscle strength of 4–10RM or 11–15RM in older adults. The first group of 109 participants aged 60–75 years was recruited to measure their 1RM, 4–10RM, and 11–15RM of the three exercises. The 1RM prediction equations were developed by multiple regression analyses. A second group of participants with similar physical characteristics to the first group was used to evaluate the equations. The actual measured 1RM of the second group correlated significantly to the predicted 1RM obtained from the equations (r values were from .633–.985), and standard error of estimate ranged from 1.08–5.88. Therefore, the equations can be used to predict 1RM from submaximal skeletal muscle strength accurately for older adults.

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Nicolas Berryman, Iñigo Mujika and Laurent Bosquet

contractions could be advantageous if implemented appropriately in the training plan. • In a long-term periodization, it is suggested that a combination of methods (submaximal strength, maximal strength, and power training) should be implemented to optimize RT adaptations. • ECL could be improved (2

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Nicolas Berryman, Iñigo Mujika, Denis Arvisais, Marie Roubeix, Carl Binet and Laurent Bosquet

subgroup analysis showed an effect of strength-training intensity on middle- and long-distance performance. It appears that maximal strength training and a combination of methods (submaximal strength, maximal force, and maximal power) during a mesocycle represent particularly effective strategies to

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Simon Gavanda, Stephan Geisler, Oliver Jan Quittmann and Thorsten Schiffer

-86922012000200014 10.1590/S1517-86922012000200014 29. Miranda F , Simão R , Rhea M , et al . Effects of linear vs. daily undulatory periodized resistance training on maximal and submaximal strength gains . J Strength Cond Res . 2011 ; 25 : 1824 – 1830 . PubMed ID: 21499134 doi:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181e7ff75

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Xiaoyue Hu, Jingxian Li and Lin Wang

power in daily activities, which could represent the submaximal strength. The velocity of the knee extension and flexion at 180 deg/s and ankle dorsiflexion, plantar flexion at 120 deg/s were motions which were chosen to generate maximal power of lower limb activities ( Ferri et al., 2003 ). Similar