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Jeffrey J. Martin

well-meaning manner and frequently take the form of, on the surface, compliments and encouragement. Another reason for the following treatise on inspiration porn is that sport is a context where inspiration porn is frequently displayed. Inspiration porn shares much in common with the term supercrip

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Emma Pullen, Daniel Jackson, Michael Silk, P. David Howe, and Carla Filomena Silva

perceptions of disability (e.g.,  Beacom, French & Kendall, 2016 ; Ellis, 2009 ; McGillivray, O’Donnell, McPherson, & Misener, 2019 ). Previous studies have typically depicted the “supercrip” narrative as the most dominant in Paralympic representation (e.g.,  Howe & Silva, 2017 ; McGillivray et al., 2019

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Yoko Kanemasu

” ( Lindemann & Cherney, 2008 , p. 110) and “able-bodied achievement values” ( Berger, 2008 , p. 656). Elite disability sport, in particular, has received much critical attention. Representations of Paralympians, wheelchair rugby players, and other elite disabled athletes (so-called “supercrips”—see Howe, 2011

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James Brighton, Robert C. Townsend, Natalie Campbell, and Toni L. Williams

sport practices ( Bundon & Clarke, 2015 ). 4 Constructed through media discourses of inspiration, it is also worth acknowledging that a term known as the “supercrip” has materialized to refer to disabled athletes.  A representation rather than a theoretically derived conceptual model, the supercrip

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Kelly P. Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Celina Shirazipour, and Krystn Orr

disability sport message: the supercrip identity. The fourth section of Part 2 provides a discussion of motivational theories commonly applied in disability sport and exercise psychology. Chapter 14 provides a brief introduction to the topic of participation motivation, leading succinctly into the following

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Samuel Lins, Cynthia F. Melo, Sara G. Alves, and Rúben L. Silva

, French, & Kendall, 2016 ; Marques et al., 2015 ). As a result, the space given to the athletes’ athletic abilities and sports achievements has become almost null. Another consequence is that portrayals of athletes with disability often mimic the stereotypes of “poor thing” and “supercrip” that

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Fallon R. Mitchell, Paula M. van Wyk, and Sara Santarossa

individuals with a disability receive commonly exploits them as abnormal, freaks, incapable, supercrips, charity cases, and/or symbols of fear ( Barnes & Mercer, 2001 ; Berger, 2008 ). Stereotypes may impact beliefs and attitudes about the ability and appearance of individuals with a disability at both

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Danielle Peers, Timothy Konoval, and Rebecca Marsh Naturkach

them as an inspirational “supercrip” for having overcome their own inherent weaknesses to become less of a pitiful burden and more normal. Furthermore, Withers argued, “charities help construct the supercrip to promise us what is possible if we simply make a donation” (p. 71). Charitable inspirational

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Andrew Hammond, Ruth Jeanes, Dawn Penney, and Deana Leahy

terminology is not universal and that it cannot be assumed that all people who experience, or are labeled as disabled, prefer this terminology in Australia ( Goggin & Newell, 2005 ; Kumari Campbell, 2009 ; Peers, Spencer-Cavaliere, & Eales, 2014 ). 2. Shapiro ( 1994 ) defines the supercrip as an

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Daniel M. Smith and Sarah E. Martiny

, combined with the stereotype that lesbians are masculine, may lead to the stereotype that women who participate in sport are masculine and/or lesbians ( Kauer & Krane, 2006 ). In disability sport, one stereotype is that of the “supercrip,” a narrative that casts disabled athletes as conquerors of their