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Sara L. Giovannetti, Jessica R.G. Robertson, Heather L. Colquhoun, and Cindy K. Malachowski

needs of their student-athletes? Methods Research Design A cross-sectional electronic survey design was used to gather data through open- and closed-ended questions. Survey questions were developed after an extensive literature review, which included appraisal of comparable surveys, such as the Healthy

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Justin L. Rush, David A. Sherman, David M. Bazett-Jones, Christopher D. Ingersoll, and Grant E. Norte

barriers to treating AMI. Figure 1 —Number of publications per year after searching “arthrogenic muscle inhibition” in the Web of Science online database. Methods Study Design and Instrument Development We constructed an online survey that consisted of demographic information, general knowledge of AMI

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Mark David Williams, Andrew M. Hammond, and Jason Moran

of snowball and criterion-based, sampling approaches to recruit potential participants ( Smith et al., 2016 ; Sparkes, 2014 ). We utilized online survey methods because we were interested in surveying individuals who were from any nation and who identified as basketball coaches (i.e., the criterion

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Tang Tang, Christiana Schallhorn, Qing Guo, and Danielle Sarver Coombs

media use by fans during the 2019 Women’s World Cup, this study offers a cross-country analysis of differences in media use and platforms throughout the tournament. Fans from three countries—China, Germany, and the United States—were surveyed in this study with measurements to understand media use as

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Wouter Welling, Alli Gokeler, Anne Benjaminse, Evert Verhagen, and Koen Lemmink

understand patients’ needs during rehabilitation. 8 , 9 This may potentially have a positive influence on RTS outcomes after ACLR. Therefore, open-ended surveys can help since this method provides meaning and understanding of the context by collecting information from the patients’ perspective. 10

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Chelsee A. Shortt, Collin A. Webster, Richard J. Keegan, Cate A. Egan, and Ali S. Brian

Participants The selection of PL academics for the survey followed Delphi “expert” nomination recommendations ( Delbecq et al., 1975 ; Green, 2014 ). Using references from the literature analysis in Phase 1 of the study, a list of targeted survey participants ( N  = 53) was created. Information about these

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Collin A. Webster, Diana Mîndrilă, Chanta Moore, Gregory Stewart, Karie Orendorff, and Sally Taunton

515 individuals who participated in different parts of the study, described in the following sections (see “Procedures” section). Instrumentation We developed an online survey as part of a larger investigation of physical education teachers’ perceptions of CSPAPs. The final version of the survey

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Stephen Harvey and Brendon Hyndman

. 1020) and become commonplace within their educational practices ( Henderson et al., 2017 ; Selwyn, 2016 ; Veletsianos, 2016 ). In this study, we investigate reasons physical education (PE) professionals use Twitter through data generated from a mixed-method survey. We interrogate findings from the

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Johan Pelssers, Emalie Hurkmans, Jeroen Scheerder, Norbert Vanbeselaere, Steven Vos, Tim Smits, and Filip Boen

Procedure The present study was part of a larger survey study on social capital, social support, exercise motivation, and exercise involvement among the older adults in Flanders, the Dutch-speaking region of Belgium ( Scheerder et al., 2011 ). This survey study was conducted in collaboration with a social

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Ann C. Grandjean

A three-part questionnaire was used to identify professionals in sports nutrition and survey their recommendations on various aspects of sports nutrition. The majority of respondents were women. Over half of the sample reported working in sports nutrition for 6 years or less, and 72% indicated that 40% or less of their job is dedicated to sports nutrition. A portion of the questionnaire assessed the subjects' opinions on various sports nutrition topics. Statements on water and electrolytes generated the most agreement while statements on protein generated the least agreement. There was a positive correlation (p~0.004) between level of education and whether or not the respondents recommended glycogen loading, and a positive correlation (p~0.008) between the subjects' use of dietary supplements and the fact that they recommended supplements to the athletes they counseled. The majority of professionals in this study worked with recreational athletes and were more concerned about encouraging a healthy diet than improving athletic performance.