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Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder-Related Self-Reported Symptoms Are Associated With Elevated Concussion Symptomatology

Lauren E. Bullard, Colt A. Coffman, Jacob J.M. Kay, Jeffrey P. Holloway, Robert D. Moore, and Matthew B. Pontifex

inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity ( American Psychiatric Association, 2013 )—may influence the severity of symptoms that manifest following a concussive injury. Yet, a key limitation of the extant literature on the relationship between ADHD and concussion symptomatology has been reliance on a

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Bulimic Symptomatology Among Male Collegiate Athletes: A Test of an Etiological Model

Justine Chatterton, Trent A. Petrie, Keke L. Schuler, and Camilo Ruggero

A Test of an Etiological Model: Disordered Eating in Male Collegiate Athletes Male athletes are at risk for developing eating disorders (ED) as well as disordered eating attitudes and behaviors, such as bulimic symptomatology, due to general sociocultural ideals about body and appearance, and sport

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Female Athletes in Retirement: A Test of a Psychosocial Model of Bulimic Symptomatology

Stephanie L. Barrett and Trent A. Petrie

female collegiate gymnasts and swimmers, Anderson et al. ( 2011 ) tested the entire model, finding that all the variables (with the exception of modeled behaviors) interacted to explain 55–58% of the variance in bulimic symptomatology. Furthermore, they found that, as expected, the effects of general

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Associations Between Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Depressive Symptomatology in Adolescents: A Prospective Observational Cohort Study

Chelsea L. Kracht, Sai S. Pochana, and Amanda E. Staiano

49,606 youth (aged 6–17 y) in the United States. 8 This finding is concerning, as longitudinal studies report that decreased physical activity and increased SB are associated with increased depressive symptomatology. 9 , 10 Maintaining adequate physical activity and less time spent sedentary may

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Eating Disorders in Sport: Comparing Eating Disorder Symptomatology in Athletes and Non-Athletes During Intensive Eating Disorder Treatment

Laura K. Fewell, Riley Nickols, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney, and Cheri A. Levinson

of many EDs ( Levinson et al., 2017 ; Penas-Lledo, Bulik, Lichtenstein, Larsson, & Baker, 2015 ), and participation in weight-related and aesthetic sports has been more highly associated with ED symptomatology (i.e., symptoms characteristic of EDs) and body dissatisfaction than sport without an

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Effectiveness of Tai Chi on Cardiac Autonomic Function and Symptomatology in Women With Fibromyalgia: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Alexei Wong, Arturo Figueroa, Marcos A. Sanchez-Gonzalez, Won-Mok Son, Oksana Chernykh, and Song-Young Park

.9  SRS (cm) 19 ± 0.6 23 ± 0.6 #,† 19 ± 1.2 19 ± 1.0 Symptomatology  Pain 7.5 ± 0.4 5.3 ± 0.3 #,† 7.3 ± 0.4 7.0 ± 0.5  Fatigue 8.2 ± 0.3 5.8 ± 0.2 #,† 8.4 ± 0.2 8.5 ± 0.3  Sleep Quality 7.9 ± 0.3 7.8 ± 0.3 7.8 ± 0.6 7.6 ± 0.4 Medication Use  Analgesics 12 – 11 –  Anticonvulsants 3 – 3 –  Antidepressants 7

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The Relationship Between Postinjury Symptomatology and Days Postinjury for the Graded Symptom Scale in Concussed Adolescent Athletes

Richelle M. Williams, R. Curtis Bay, and Tamara C. Valovich McLeod

Key Points ▸ Headache was the most common symptom endorsed. ▸ Symptom presentation decreased with time. ▸ Symptoms continued to be endorsed up to 3 weeks postinjury. Concussions can vary among individuals, with most presenting cognitive and balance deficits and increased symptomatology. 1

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The Nocebo Effect and Pediatric Concussion

Michael W. Kirkwood, David R. Howell, Brian L. Brooks, Julie C. Wilson, and William P. Meehan III

, typically within hours to weeks. 8 In contrast, a relatively high proportion of individuals seen in specialty clinics present with more significant symptomatology and disruption to quality of life. 9 Injury-related variables (eg, severity of the concussion) can contribute to these postconcussive symptoms

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Psychosocial Risk Factors of Bulimic Symptomatology Among Female Athletes

Christy Greenleaf, Trent Petrie, Justine Reel, and Jennifer Carter

Petrie and Greenleaf (2007) presented a psychosocial model of disordered eating for female athletes. Based upon the 2007 model, the present study examined four key psychosocial variables: internalization, body dissatisfaction, restrained eating, and negative affect, as predictors of bulimic symptoms among NCAA Division I female athletes. Two hundred four women (N = 204) participated and were drawn from three different universities and competed in 17 different varsity sports. After controlling for the effects of body mass and social desirability, hierarchical regression analysis showed that the psychosocial variables explained 42% of the variance in bulimic symptoms. In the full model, higher levels of body dissatisfaction, more dietary restraint, and stronger feelings of guilt were associated with bulimic symptomatology. Internalization of the sociocultural ideal as well as feelings of fear, hostility, or sadness were unrelated.

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A Comparison of Female College Athletes and Nonathletes: Eating Disorder Symptomatology and Psychological Well-Being

Patricia Marten DiBartolo and Carey Shaffer

This study examines eating attitudes, body satisfaction, reasons for exercise, and general psychological well-being in female nonathletes and Division III college athletes. A total of 115 nonathletes and 94 athletes completed measures of eating attitudes, body satisfaction, trait affect, reasons for exercise, and perceived self-competence. On the majority of measures, the scores of athletes revealed less eating disorder symptomatology and more healthy psychological functioning than the scores of nonathletes. These results indicate that female athletic involvement can be associated with healthy eating and psychological functioning. Future research should give consideration to which environments may foster healthy sports participation.