The purpose of this study was to employ systems theory to analyze the social network of a Big Ten football team’s Twitter community. An identifiable network was found among the observed actors (N = 139), with fan accounts composing the largest percentage of the network. The number of observed reciprocal interactions was low, only 11.8% of the interactions and only 21.5% of the nodes. Traditionalmedia accounts frequently interacted with other media accounts, while fans interacted primarily with other fans. Overall, nontraditional-media accounts’ users were most focused on interactivity. Team-related accounts were almost nonexistent in the interactive network. A systems-theory-based network was found in terms of input, transformation, and output components. The feedback loop was the weak link in the network, indicating a possible lack of importance of direct feedback in Twitter social networks.
Networked Fandom: Applying Systems Theory to Sport Twitter Analysis
Galen Clavio, Lauren M. Burch, and Evan L. Frederick
Application of Social Work Theory in Sport Management Curriculum: Ecological Systems Theory
Amy E. Cox, Lauren Beasley, and Robin Hardin
& Gregg, 2017 ) diversity concerns extend beyond demographics. Therefore, utilizing social work standards and theories on diversity could assist the field of sport management with going beyond simply hiring a more diverse workforce. Ecological systems theory is a recognized tool for implementing and
The Anatomy of the Sports Scandal: An Outline for a Theoretical Contextualization
Rasmus K. Storm and Ulrik Wagner
Sports scandals are often discussed in the media and research literature without any deeper reflection on their specificities or development. As the economic and political significance of sport seem to grow in correlation with the development of globalization and new social media, the call for a sociological understanding of the downsides of sport becomes imperative. By deploying a communication-theory framework supplemented with insights from discourse theory, this article aims to develop a theoretical model of the sports scandal. It presents a 5-step model encompassing initial steps of transgression, followed by a publicly observed dislocation destabilizing the social order, which subsequently results in moral communication, environmental pressure for appropriate action, and, finally, an institutional solution.
Biofeedback and Shooting Performance: A Test of Disregulation and Systems Theory
Frederick S. Daniels and Daniel M. Landers
This study investigated heart rate (HE) and respiration functioning during rifle shooting to test hypotheses derived from Schwartz's (1979) systems and disregulation theory, and to compare biofeedback with verbal instruction in developing awareness and control of autonomic patterns. Male subjects (N = 8) were pretested to determine HE and respiration patterns affecting performance. They were then divided into two equal groups and given either auditory biofeedback or verbal instruction. The auditory-biofeedback group received continuous pattern feedback through earphones while the verbal instruction group received only presession instruction without feedback. Each group trained for five sessions of 40 shots each. Following training, two 40-shot sessions were conducted. A scaled interview was administered pre- and posttraining to determine awareness/control of autonomic functioning. Compared to the verbal instruction group, the results showed that the biofeedback group significantly improved performance and consistency of the desired pattern and had significantly greater awareness/control of the autonomic pattern. The results supported the systems and disregulation theory as well as the viability of biofeedback for altering imbalances within the systems.
Understanding the Global–Local Nexus in the Context of the Olympic Games: Implications for Managing Community Development Through Sport Megaevents
NaRi Shin and Jon Welty Peachey
event was considered to be a means to globalize, transform, and develop the community. Theoretical Frameworks and Literature Review World-Systems Theory World-systems theory sees the human world as a singular, complex system that includes political, economic, social, and cultural subsystems. Wallerstein
Unprompted Alteration of Freely Chosen Movement Rate During Stereotyped Rhythmic Movement: Examples and Review
Ernst Albin Hansen
freely chosen movement rate as an attractor in a dynamic complex system, inspired by dynamic systems theory. For the right panels, it should be noted that the unfilled balls indicate that intensity (speed or power output) was not freely chosen. In other words, unfilled balls reflect an activity, which is
Physical Literacy for Children Labeled With Autism Spectrum Disorder: Mothers’ Experiences of Ableism, Exclusion, and Trauma
Kyle Pushkarenko, Janice Causgrove Dunn, and Donna L. Goodwin
( Goodwin & Rossow-Kimball, 2012 ). The purpose of this study was to explore how parents of children labeled with ASD understand the concept of PL, based on their children’s participation in community-based physical activity programs. Conceptual Framework—Ecological Systems Theory According to Pfeiffer et
Practicing Unstructured Play in Team Ball Sports: A Rugby Union Example
Jim Mckay and Donna O’Connor
section provides an overview of relevant literature on coach-led practice sessions and dynamic systems theory. This is followed by the Queensland Reds case study that outlines the data they analysed, the process and implementation of new practices and Jim’s reflections. The final section provides
The Coach / Parent / Athlete Relationship
Jon C. Hellstedt
Coaches often have difficulty working with the parents of their athletes. Communication problems, conflict, and sometimes power struggles over who has control over the child’s training occasionally develop. Based on an integration of sport psychology and family systems theory, a model for understanding the coach / parent / athlete triangle is developed. Three types of parents are described: overinvolved, underinvolved, and moderately involved, as well as goals and strategies for working with each type of parent.
A Systematic Ecological Model for Adapting Physical Activities: Theoretical Foundations and Practical Examples
This article proposes a theory- and practice-based model for adapting physical activities. The ecological frame of reference includes Dynamic and Action System Theory, World Health Organization International Classification of Function and Disability, and Adaptation Theory. A systematic model is presented addressing (a) the task objective, (b) task criteria, (c) limitation and enablement criteria, (d) performance errors, and (e) adaptation suggestions. Four individual case examples are described, referring to the conceptual model and depicting its use in various settings of physical activity, including physical education, rehabilitation, competition, and recreation.