, however, the lack of explicit training or implementation of strategies to improve team-based work is notable and highlights the need for more studies that examine the processes associated with implementing team-based approaches in the sport context (ie, team science research; see Rosen et al 32
Courtney W. Hess and Barbara B. Meyer
Darla M. Castelli and Ang Chen
referred to the preceding paper in this special issue of Kinesiology Review by Sun and Zhang. Inclusion criteria for study selection were robust scientific methodologies, evidenced-based physical education curricula, dynamic treatment plans, and the use of team science (see Brown & Summerbell, 2009
Thomas H. Kelly and Carl G. Mattacola
The National Institutes of Health's Clinical and Translational Science Award initiative is designed to establish and promote academic centers of clinical and translational science (CTS) that are empowered to train and advance multi- and interdisciplinary investigators and research teams to apply new scientific knowledge and techniques to enhance patient care. Among the key components of a full-service center for CTS is an educational platform to support research training in CTS. Educational objectives and resources available to support the career development of the clinical and translational scientists, including clinical research education, mentored research training, and career development support, are described.
The purpose of the article is to provide an overview of the CTS educational model so that rehabilitation specialists can become more aware of potential resources that are available and become more involved in the delivery and initiation of the CTS model in their own workplace. Rehabilitation clinicians and scientists are well positioned to play important leadership roles in advancing the academic mission of CTS. Rigorous academic training in rehabilitation science serves as an effective foundation for supporting the translation of basic scientific discovery into improved health care. Rehabilitation professionals are immersed in patient care, familiar with interdisciplinary health care delivery, and skilled at working with multiple health care professionals.
The NIH Clinical and Translational Science Award initiative is an excellent opportunity to advance the academic development of rehabilitation scientists.
Darla Castelli and Christine Julien
Physical activity is a health-protective factor that can reduce disease risk in later life. Designing interventions that increase physical activity participation are paramount but need to increase potency and reduce the time to effectiveness. This paper aims to outline one transdisciplinary, team science effort to increase behavioral intervention potency through the integration of the autonomous cognition model whereby data guide each decision in developing a school-based physical activity intervention. Examples of data collected by stage and a summary of potential action steps are provided.
Bradley D. Hatfield, Calvin M. Lu, and Jo B. Zimmerman
developments, he describes the amazing endurance capabilities of the Tarahumara peoples of Mexico, who were products of their unique culture in the modern world. Dyreson extended the call for strong team science to the notion of team scholarship to understand human performance beyond science to include the
Mark S. Dyreson
application of “team science” approaches. While I am certainly a fan of team science as an essential strategy for attacking complex questions with multidisciplinary collaboratives, I would encourage kinesiology to pioneer an even larger congregation of experts. As my brief microhistory of the scientific
Jane A. Kent and Kate L. Hayes
clinicians, epidemiologists, statisticians, and data management experts. In fact, a parallel development in recent years is the concept of applying “Team Science” approaches to research, which recognize that the potential contributions of these large, interdisciplinary projects to generating new scientific
Deborah Salvo, Leandro Garcia, Rodrigo S. Reis, Ivana Stankov, Rahul Goel, Jasper Schipperijn, Pedro C. Hallal, Ding Ding, and Michael Pratt
(whole of school approaches), 4 (physical activity promotion through primary care), 5 (mass media campaigns), and 7 (sports for all) and multiple SDGs. Team science and innovative research approaches (natural experiments, community-engaged research, practice-based evidence, and systems science) are
Mark Dyreson and Jaime Schultz
employed nor with the provocative data that they uncovered. Instead, we are advocating an expansion of the broad support in multidisciplinary kinesiology beyond the boundaries of “team science” toward an even wider understanding of “team scholarship” that includes researchers such as historians who are not
Richard B. Kreider
high-level performers and military personnel. Nearly all competitive teams employ strength and conditioning specialists, and most teams have sport dietitians and/or nutrition consultants on their performance-enhancement team. Science-based training and nutritional strategies have played an important