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Duncan Simpson and Lauren P. Elberty

reasonable to conclude that the teammates of the deceased athlete may benefit from psychological treatment. In fact, a clinical sport psychologist may play a pivotal role in supporting the needs of athletes ( Anderson, 2010 ; Buchko, 2005 ). However, to provide effective treatment, psychological support

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Ali Al-Yaaribi, Maria Kavussanu, and Christopher Ring

refer to the two aspects of morality (see Kavussanu, 2006 , 2012 ). Research (see Graupensperger, Jensen, & Evans, 2018 ; Kavussanu & Boardley, 2009 ) has shown that athletes engage in both prosocial and antisocial behaviors toward teammates (e.g., congratulating or arguing with a teammate). It has

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Ali Al-Yaaribi and Maria Kavussanu

et al., 2006 ). These behaviors can be directed at opponents (e.g., helping or arguing with an opponent) and teammates (e.g., encouraging or criticizing a teammate). Given the amount of athletes’ potential exposure to these behaviors within their team, teammate behaviors could have lasting

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Ralph Appleby, Paul Davis, Louise Davis, and Henrik Gustafsson

teammates’ burnout. As a consequence of shared experiences, collective moods may develop between teammates, whereby teammates may develop similar feeling states and influence others’ perceptions of success ( Totterdell, 2000 ). In team sports, where athletes often compete and train with others, individuals

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Kevin S. Spink and Kayla Fesser

reasons why teammates may serve as an effective channel for providing corrective feedback when required. First, teammates are constantly interacting and communicating with one another during game situations; therefore, it is possible that teammates may notice problems that a coach would miss. When

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Theo Ouvrard, Alain Groslambert, Gilles Ravier, Sidney Grosprêtre, Philippe Gimenez, and Frederic Grappe

Since the early 2000s, due to the team tactics in modern cycling, the progress of the main climbs during the mountain stages of major cycling races has followed a typical pattern. From the beginning of the ascent, to impose a high pace, the teammates of the best teams always occupy positions at the

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Fernando Santos, Leisha Strachan, Daniel Gould, Paulo Pereira, and Cláudia Machado

, communication, and teamwork skills that might be beneficial to their teammates in high-performance sport and in other life domains is still scarce. This study was conducted to help fill this void. Several studies have attempted to analyze how team leaders involved in high-performance sport influence team

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Blair Evans, Ashley Adler, Dany MacDonald, and Jean Côté

Purpose:

Bullying is a specific pattern of repeated victimization explored with great frequency in school-based literature, but receiving little attention within sport. The current study explored the prevalence of bullying in sport, and examined whether bullying experiences were associated with perceptions about relationships with peers and coaches.

Method:

Adolescent sport team members (n = 359, 64% female) with an average age of 14.47 years (SD = 1.34) completed a pen-and-paper or online questionnaire assessing how frequently they perpetrated or were victimized by bullying during school and sport generally, as well as recent experiences with 16 bullying behaviors on their sport team. Participants also reported on relationships with their coach and teammates.

Results:

Bullying was less prevalent in sport compared with school, and occurred at a relatively low frequency overall. However, by identifying participants who reported experiencing one or more act of bullying on their team recently, results revealed that those victimized through bullying reported weaker connections with peers, whereas those perpetrating bullying only reported weaker coach relationships.

Conclusion:

With the underlying message that bullying may occur in adolescent sport through negative teammate interactions, sport researchers should build upon these findings to develop approaches to mitigate peer victimization in sport.

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Alex Garn

Grounded in Scanlan’s sport commitment model (SCM), the purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between feelings of teammate acceptance and sport commitment in a sample of adolescent female volleyball players (N = 209). Despite theoretical justification for including social forms of influence such as social support and social acceptance as direct sources of sport commitment, empirical evidence has not been supportive of this association. Therefore, direct and indirect relationships between teammate acceptance and sport commitment within the SCM were tested. Findings supported the indirect relationship between teammate acceptance and sport commitment through sport enjoyment, personal investments, social constraints, and investment opportunities, accounting for 48% of the variance in sport commitment. It appears that teammate acceptance may be better situated as a distal source of sport commitment, but further research with more diverse samples is necessary. Sports psychologists who can collectively help athletes, coaches, and parents develop responsive interpersonal skills while reducing corporal punishment and aggression tactics can facilitate greater levels of social acceptance.

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Daniel Fulham O’Neill

Season-ending injuries, particularly those to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), continue to occur at a high rate in many sports. Although multiple factors are thought to contribute to this injury rate, no study has looked at possible psychological influences. Therefore, the present hypothesis suggests that there exists an emotional trauma that affects athletes after seeing someone in their own sport sustain a serious injury. This traumatic response could result in a change in performance tactics that could result in injury to oneself (“injury contagion”). Students numbering 459 (N= 459; 277 males and 182 females) from four ski academies were studied. Results from psychological testing showed an increase in the use of fear words and phrases after injury to a teammate. As a result, it is recommended that coaches and other personnel maintain a heightened awareness of teammates’ emotions after a team member sustains a significant injury.